Far Eastern Federal District, Russia

Far Eastern Federal District - Overview

The Far Eastern Federal District is a federal district of the Russian Federation located in its Far East, formed by the Decree of the President of Russia of May 13, 2000. The administrative center is the city of Khabarovsk - the largest city in the district by population.

The population of the Far Eastern Federal District is about 6,182,000 (2016), the area - 6,169,329 sq. km.

Far East district map, Russia


Far Eastern Federal District - Features

The Far Eastern Federal District is the largest by land area federal district in Russia (about one third of the area of the country) in which practically all subjects (except for the Amur region and the Jewish autonomous region) have access to the sea, and one subject (the Sakhalin region) does not have a land border with other subjects and the main territory of Russia.

Another feature of the Far Eastern Federal District is the presence of a land border with China and North Korea, as well as sea borders with Japan and the United States. The Far Eastern Federal District has the only autonomous oblast in Russia (the Jewish autonomous oblast).

A significant part of the territory of the Far Eastern Federal District is located in the regions of the Far North and permafrost. The level of urbanization is about 75.5%.

The Far East is a region with rich reserves of natural resources, unique flora and fauna. This district has significant reserves of diamonds (about 80% of the total Russian reserves), gold (70%), Iceland spar and rock crystal, mica, sulfur, and other minerals. On the Sakhalin shelf there are oil and natural gas deposits. There is also a significant reserve of forest resources (43% of the total forest area and 33% of the timber stock of Russia).

The main branches of the local economy are non-ferrous metallurgy, oil and natural gas production, mining, fishing, forestry, pulp and paper and woodworking industries, chemical industry, shipbuilding, hydropower, transport. Traditional for the Far East reindeer breeding, hunting, fishing, fur farming are developed practically in all subjects.

The fishery complex of the Far East is the largest in Russia. It accounts for about 70% of the production of all water and biological resources of the country and 56% of the total Russian fish production.

Due to its geographic location, the Russian Far East is involved in the process of cooperation with China, Japan, South Korea, and North Korea.

Nature of the Far Eastern Federal District

Amur region

Amur region

Author: Sveshnikov Alexander

Kamchatka region

Kamchatka region

Author: Korotnev A.V.

Primorsky region

Primorsky region

Author: Viktor Koblov


Cities and Regions of the Far Eastern Federal District

In total, there are 68 cities and towns on the territory of the Far Eastern Federal District.

Far East Federal District includes the following 9 federal subjects of Russian Federation:

The largest cities of Far East Federal District are:

Far East district of Russia photos

Far Eastern Federal District pictures

Church in Blagoveshchensk  city

Church in Blagoveshchensk city

Author: Anna Anemirovskaya

Church in Magadan city

Church in Magadan city

Author: Gudkov Konstantin

Volcanic eruption in Kamchatka

Volcanic eruption in Kamchatka

Author: Korotnev A.V.


Sponsored Links: