Komsomolsk-on-Amur (Russian spelling Komsomolsk-na-Amure) is the second largest city in Khabarovsk krai of Russia.
Komsomolsk-on-Amur has the population of about 259,000 (2012), land area - 325 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 4217; the postal codes - 681000-681035.
In 1930, the government of the Russian Federation issued a decree on economic and cultural formation of Dalnevostochny (Far East) krai and in August 1931 a decision to construct a shipbuilding plant was made.
In January 1932, taiga settlement Permskoye located on the left bank of the Amur River was visited by the government commission which decided that Amursky shipbuilding plant should be constructed there. At the same time it was decided to construct aircraft-building plant.
On May, 1932, steamers “Komintern” and “Kolumb” brought about 1,000 first builders of the city to the Amur shore. At present a memorial stone and a monument to the first city builders remind of this event.
Komsomol volunteers came to the wild taiga area and lived in barracks and army tents. Subjugating time and overcoming adversities everyone lived waiting for the construction of giant plants, it was the objective for which they arrived to the severe and uninhabited Amur shore.
On June 12th, 1933, the construction of Amursky shipbuilding plant began. This day is the birthday of the city Komsomolsk-on-Amur. Later, on July 18th, 1934, another giant plant - aircraft-building one - was started to be constructed.
Komsomolsk-on-Amur city view
At present Komsomolsk-on-Amur is the largest industrial center in the Far East region of Russia and the third largest city in the area. Most developed are the following industries: machine building and metal-working (aircraft- and ship-building, power engineering, various transportation equipment), ferrous metallurgy, oil-processing, light industry, forest, food processing.
Komsomolsk-on-Amur is located 348 km to the northeast of Khabarovsk, on the crossroads of transportation ways: westwards - Baikal-Amur railway, to the north-east - waterway along the river Amur till the city Nikolayevsk-on-Amur and further to Okhotskoye Sea, gas- and oil-pipelines from the island Sakhalin; eastwards - railway till the seaport Vanino and the city Sovietskaya Gavan; to the southwest - the river Amur, rail- and highway till the city Khabarovsk and further to the coast of the Pacific Ocean, seaports Vladivostok and Nakhodka.
International ties in culture, education and sports develop in the city. Ever year Universities of the city and other countries exchange students and tutors, hold sport contests and international festivals. Various ties connect Komsomolsk-on-Amur with the cities Kamo (Japan) and Tsya-mu-sy (China).
There is an airport “Komsomolsk-on-Amur” in the settlement of Khurba, 20 km from the city. The park “Silinsky forest” located within the city area is a virgin taiga on 500 hectares territory.
Komsomolsk-na-Amure Gagarin Square
Komsomolsk-na-Amure railway station
Komsomolsk-na-Amure river station
Komsomolsk-on-Amur is included into the list of historically inhabited places of the Russian Federation and is a unique monument of city architecture in the Far East region, it has an extremely interesting history which is reflected in its architecture.
The plan of the city looks like a ray system, it’s such a “city-sun”. Architectural ensembles of the city are examples of “palace” monumental architecture. At present there are over 130 objects of cultural heritage in the city. National cultural centers and ethnography museums are open in Komsomolsky, Amursky and Solnechny districts of the city.
Tourist and recreation objects located in the city and neighboring districts offer various types of activities: mountain skiing, rafting, walking and equestrian tours and fishing.
Tourist activities in Komsomolsk-on-Amur and neighboring districts last all year round. There are modern comfortable hotels, a developed net of restaurants with various national cuisines and a lot of tourist sites.