Amur oblast, Russia (Amurskaya)

The capital city of Amur oblast: Blagoveschensk.

Amur region overview

Amur oblast (also known as Amurskaya, Priamurye, Priamurie) is a region (federal subject) of Russia, located on the banks of the Amur and Zeya rivers, about 7,700 km east of Moscow, in the Far Eastern Federal District. Blagoveshchensk is the capital city of the Amur region.

The population of the Amur region is about 805,000 (2015), the area - 361,913 sq. km.

Amur oblast flag

Amur oblast flag

Amur oblast coat of arms

Amur oblast coat of arms

Amur oblast map, Russia

Amur oblast map of Russia

Amur region history

The first Russian settlers came to the Amur region in the middle of the 17th century. However, they encountered resistance from the local population that turned to the Manchus for protection. In 1689, in accordance with the Treaty of Nerchinsk, Russia lost Priamurye.

In the 19th century, Manchu China weakened and, by Aigun Treaty (1858), Priamurye once again came under the rule of Russia. In 1860, the treaty was confirmed and significantly expanded in the Beijing Treaty. In Chinese historiography, both treaties are considered unequal as China, weakened by the Opium wars and the Taiping Rebellion, was forced to make territorial concessions.

A lot of people arrived to the Amur region with the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway. By the end of the 1930s, the population of the Amur region increased by half compared to pre-revolutionary times and amounted about 450,000 people.

In 1958, the population reached 717,500. The main causes of rapid population growth were the development of virgin land, the construction of the Zeya and Bureya hydroelectric power stations, the Baikal-Amur Mainline, increase in the number of armed forces and border troops.

Pristine nature of the Amur region

Amur region mountain river

Amur region mountain river

Author: Sveshnikov Alexander

Amur region nature

Amur region nature

Author: Sergey Bulanov

Amur region landscape

Amur region landscape

Author: Sveshnikov Alexander


Amur region features

Most of the region is located in the basin of the Upper and Middle Amur - hence the name of the region. South-eastern boundary of the Amur region is the state border of the Russian Federation and is bordered by the People’s Republic of China.

The Stanovoy Range divides the Amur region and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The higher elevations of mountains are overgrown with dwarf Siberian pine and alpine tundra. Larch and pine forests grow along the river plains. Also, the Zeya River originates in these mountains.

There is a dam built in the middle of the Zeya River creating Zeysky water reservoir. Also there are mountains separating the region from Khabarovsk krai in the east with larch and fir-spruce forests. The Amur, Bureya and Zeya rivers form a place of highest biodiversity in the region.

The climate is transitional from the harsh continental in the north-west to monsoon in the south-east.

The fauna of the Amur region is rich and varied. The most widely known animals are the Amur leopard and the Amur tiger, which unfortunately are on the verge of extinction.

Amur oblast landscapes

Amur oblast scenery

Amur oblast scenery

Author: Sergey Bulanov

Amur region scenery

Amur region scenery

Author: Tarnovsky Roman

Amurskaya oblast nature

Amurskaya oblast nature

Author: Evgeny Lopatin


Amur region economy

The main railroads are the Trans-Siberian Railway and the Baikal-Amur Railway. The region has such natural resources as gold, iron, non-ferrous and rare metals, coal, precious, half-precious stones, different construction materials, fresh and mineral water.

Soils are fertile enough for productive agriculture. There are reliable sources of power in Amur oblast, including power stations consuming local coal as well as Zeyskaya and Bureyskaya hydro-power stations.

The main local industries are power engineering, mining (gold, coal), timber, wood processing, building materials production, food processing. Agricultural lands occupy about 1,000,000 hectares. The leading branches of agriculture are crops and soya beans growing, meat-and-milk production, in the north of the region - reindeer breeding, in south-east and partly in middle of the region - beekeeping.

In 2012, construction of the cosmodrome Vostochny (Eastern) began on the territory of the Amur region. It is located near the newly built town of Tsiolkovsky, 45 km north of Svobodny city. It is the first Russian civilian spaceport.

In October 2015, 14 km from Svobodny, construction of the Amur gas processing plant began - the largest in Russia and one of the largest in the world.

Amur oblast of Russia photos

Amurskaya oblast pictures

Amurskaya oblast nature

Amurskaya oblast nature

Author: Tarnovsky Roman

River ferry in Amurskaya oblast

River ferry in Amurskaya oblast

Author: Roman Aksenov

Church in the Amur region

Church in the Amur region

Author: Sergey Bulanov


The comments of our visitors

Mary Lee Johns
Capitalize on natural beauty and rare wildlife
I agree with posts from Gordon . . . Cherish your wildlife, especially the amur leopard, and natural beauty. Encourage tourism in a way that protects these very special, irreplaceable assets.

Wayne
The Amur web page
I entirely agree with Gordon (above). I would like to know much more about the flora and fauna of the region, the leopards, the tigers, the bears and how they relate to North American strains, and the general make-up of the taiga forests.

Gordon
Helpful information
Your information on the Amur region was most helpful for a glimpse of what this region is like. Encourage the saving of the very much endangered Amur leopards, one of the most beautiful of all living wild felines.

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