Amur region overview
Amur oblast (region) (also called Amurskaya, Priamurye, Priamurie) is a federal subject of Russia situated on the banks of the Amur and Zeya rivers about 8,000 km from Moscow, Far Eastern Federal District.
Administrative center of Amur region is Blagoveshchensk. Main railroads are Trans-Siberian railway and Baikal-Amur Mainline.
Amur region population is about 817,000 (2012); land area - 361,913 sq. km.
Amur region territory
The Stanovoy Range divides Amur region and Sakha Republic. The higher elevations of mountains are overgrown with dwarf Siberian pine and alpine tundra. Larch forests and pine forests grow along the river plains. Also, the Zeya River begins in these mountains.
The dam was built in the middle of the Zeya River to create Zeysky water reservoir. There are also mountains separating the region from Khabarovsk krai in the east with larch and fir-spruce forests. The Amur, Bureya and Zeya Rivers form a place of highest biodiversity in the region.
Amur region history
First Russian settlers came to Amur region in the middle of the 17th century. Settlers were looking for a more temperate climate. Russians were cruel with local population and forced them to ask Manchuria for protection.
Russian settlers (Cossacks and peasant farmers) returned to the region when the Chinese Empire lost the Opium War. A lot of people arrived to Amur region with the construction of Trans-Siberian Railroad.
Amur region nature
Amur region economics
Significant advantage of Amur region which is not fully used is its economic and geographic location which gives a chance to have close economic ties and industrial cooperation with neighboring Chinese province Heyluntzyan.
The region possesses such natural resources as gold, iron, non-ferrous and rare metals, coal, non-metals, precious, half-precious stones, different construction materials, fresh and mineral water.
Soils are fertile enough for productive agriculture. There are good sources of power in the Amur region, including thermo-electric power stations consuming local coal as well as Zeyskaya and Bureyskaya hydro-power stations.
Amur region is a big transportation juncture, a construction base of Baikal-Amur and Amur-Yakutsk railways, of highway “Amur”.
Main industries are power engineering, mining (gold, coal), timber, wood processing, building materials production, food processing.
Agricultural lands occupy 1,094,000 hectares, which make about 3% of all the territory, ploughed field - 787,000 hectares or 2% (2006).
Leading branches of agriculture are crops growing and meat- and milk-producing, soy-beans growing. In the north of the region - reindeer-breeding, in south-east and partly in middle of the region - bee-keeping, in forest regions - fur trade.