Magadan is a city and sea port (the Okhotsk Sea) located in the northeastern part of the Russian Federation (the Russian Far East), administrative center of Magadan oblast. The city is the Kolyma region gateway. It is situated in the Nagayevo Bay (Tauisk gulf).
Magadan population is 102,000 (2012), land area - 295 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 4132; postal code - 685000.
Magadan was founded in 1929 and received town status in 1939. The town was the center of Dalstroy concern (Soviet slave labor camps systems) in 1932-1953. Gold mining was done in this region.
It was the center for prisoners transition to labor camps during Stalin’s reign in the Russian history.
The main industries of Magadan today are fishing, gold mining and ship building. The navigation is fully available from May to December. There are two airports in the city: Sokol Airport (international) and Magadan 13.
Magadan is situated in the subarctic climate zone. Winters are long and sub-zero temperatures are common for six-seven months a year, so the soil is permanently frozen.
Because it is located on the Russian Far East, the city is almost isolated from other Russian towns.
Yakutsk, the nearest city, is located about 2,000 km (1,200 mi) from Magadan. Also there is no railway connection with other cities.
There are several museums (Anthropology Museum, Geological Museum and others), libraries and a university in Magadan.
Also there are several churches (recently built Orthodox Trinity Cathedral, Roman Catholic Church of the Nativity) and numerous monuments and memorials.