Magadan oblast (region), Russia (Magadanskaya)

The capital city of Magadan oblast: Magadan.

Magadan region overview

Magadan oblast (region) (also spelled Magadanskaya) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation situated in the northeastern part of Russia (one of the Russian Far North regions).

The region is the part of Far Eastern Federal District. The administrative center and capital is Magadan.

Magadan region population is about 152,000 (2012); land area - 462,464 sq. km.

Magadan oblast flag

Magadan oblast flag

Magadan oblast coat of arms

Magadan oblast coat of arms

Magadan oblast map, Russia

Magadan oblast map of Russia

Magadan region history

The territory of Magadan region was inhabited by Yakuts in the 18th century, before the first Russian Cossacks came to the Kolyma area. The history of Magadan area actually started in 1920s when geological survey expeditions arrived there. In early 1930s, they found gold deposits.

The firm “Dalstroy” was organized and it worked the mines. By the end of 1930s, the first gold mines were built and settlements were constructed around them. At that time unpaid work of the convicted was widely used, the hardest work was fulfilled by the prisoners.

Since 1950s, the prisoners were gradually replaced by workers from other regions of the country. Magadan province was officially formed in 1953 on the region previously known as Kolyma.

After the death of Stalin, paid labor began to dominate. A lot of people from all parts of the Soviet Union were attracted especially to gold mines. About half of the population of the region left it from the times of the Soviet Union collapse.

Among the indigenous people of the region are Chuvans, Evens, Itelmens, Koryaks, Orochs and others. By 2007, 57% of local small nations were Evens, 23% - Koryaks, 13% - Itelmens.

Most part of the population residing in rural districts are busy in original trade, the main ones are fishing and reindeer-breeding.

Magadan region views

Magadan region view

Magadan region view

Author: Slava Pavlyuk

Magadan province view

Magadan province view

Author: Eugene Potapov

Magadan region scenery

Magadan region scenery

Author: Salomatin Sergey


Magadan region features, economics

The climate of Magadan province is severe, the region is rather far from central regions of the country. Winters last 6-7,5 months. The average temperature within a year is below zero throughout the region.

Over a half of the territory is washed by the Okhotskoye Sea and the Pacific Ocean. About 3/4 of the territory is occupied by tundra and forest tundra.

Magadan region soils are not very fertile. The province is rich in mineral deposits as well as deposits of non-ferrous and rare metals: gold, silver, tin, tungsten, copper, molybdenum, poly-metallic ores. There are deposits of oil, peat, timber and gas concentrate.

In the future, the region will work new deposits of gold and silver, commercial deposits of copper, molybdenum, tin and tungsten, survey and prospecting of Magadan oil and gas shelf. There are various types of fur-bearing animals: ermines, otters, weasels, gluttons, lynxes, Arctic foxes, foxes and wolves.

Fishing industry is the second important industry after mining one and the only industry product of which is consumed not only in the country but is exported. Fishing is of high social importance in Magadanskaya oblast as it gives work for local population in the city of Magadan and the settlements around it. There are also several fish processing enterprises in small settlements Evensk, Ola and Yamsk.

The region is connected with other regions by air, sea and automobile transportation. There are no railways here.

The main transportation gate is Magadan sea port through which most of freight arrives. Also there is an international airport in Magadan - the only city and industrial center of the region.

Magadan oblast of Russia photos

Magadan region pictures

Magadan region landscape

Magadan region landscape

Author: Pavel Grigoriev

Magadan province landscape

Magadan province landscape

Author: Salomatin Sergey

Magadanskaya oblast view

Magadanskaya oblast view

Author: Perelygin A.V.


Magadan region scenery

Magadan oblast scenery

Magadan oblast scenery

Author: Alexey Gnezdilov

Magadan region winter

Magadan region winter

Author: Koscheyev V.A.

Magadan province winter

Magadan province winter

Author: Eugene Potapov


Magadanskaya oblast forest

Magadan region forest

Magadan region forest

Author: Eugene Potapov


The comments of our visitors

Curtiss Sanders
Visit
Magadan is truly a beautiful place to visit. I was there for two weeks about 10 years ago and really enjoyed the hospitality. I was visiting a former exchange student and her family, but since that time we have not been able to re connect. I am trying to go back to Magadan and try and find her family. A great place to visit.

bob
nice landscapes , i wish i could visit there

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