Khabarovsk (also spelled Habarovsk) is a city in Russia, a center of Khabarovsk krai and Far Eastern Federal District. The city is standing on the right bank of the Amur River on the Middle Amur lowland, 20 km from China.
The distance to Moscow by railway is about 8533 km, straight line distance - about 6100 km. Khabarovsk is an important railway junction, airport and river port of Russia.
Khabarovsk population is about 594,000 (2012), land area - 386 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 4212, postal codes are 680000-680150.
Khabarovsk was founded in 1858 as a military post Khabarovka, named after Russian explorer of the 17th century Yerofey Khabarov. Since 1880, it was the town of Khabarovka, an administrative center of Primorye region, since 1884 - an administrative center of Primorye governor-general region.
In 1893, the town was renamed to Khabarovsk. In November 1922, Khabarovsk became the part of the Russian Federation of the Soviet Union. Since 1926, the city was the administrative center of Far Eastern region, since 1938 - of Khabarovsk region.
In 2002, Khabarovsk received the status of the administrative center of Far Eastern Federal district of the Russian Federation.
The climate of Khabarovsk city area is moderate, monsoon, with cold and dry winters and hot and humid summers.
The city is a big transportation junction between north and west of Russia, Primorye, Sakhalin and sea port of Khabarovsk krai. The Trans-Siberian railway goes through the city.
Khabarovsk is a connecting point of federal highways Chita-Khabarovsk, Khabarovsk-Vladivostok (M60-Ussuri), Khabarovsk-Komsomolsk-on-Amur and the highway under construction Khabarovsk-Nahodka (East).
Through the river port the Amur steamship line takes cargoes to the north. The ships go along the river Amur including the towns of neighboring China. A big plant of the steamship line is situated here - Khabarovsk repairing base of the fleet.
There is a New (International since 1972) and Small airports situated 10 km from the center of Khabarovsk. The dispatchers of Khabarovsk are responsible for flights from Japan to Europe.
Khabarovsk transportation system includes trams, trolleys, buses, mini vans, taxis.
Khabarovsk places of interest
The Church of Saint Innokentiy Irkutskiy is the oldest church in Khabarovsk. The church was built instead of a wooden church. During the Soviet times, it was used as a planetarium.
The Transfiguration Church, opened in 2004, is the third largest church among Orthodox churches after the Christ the Savior in Moscow and St. Isaac’s Cathedral in Saint-Petersburg. Also the church of Seraphim Sarovsky is worth seeing.
The count N.N.Muravyov-Amursky statue is also a place of interest of the city. In 2006, his image appeared on a 5,000 Ruble banknote.