Khabarovsk is a city in Russia, the capital of Khabarovsk krai and the Far Eastern Federal District. The city stands on the right bank of the Amur River, on the Middle Amur lowland, about 20 km from the border with China.
It is a major economic, transport, logistic, political, and cultural center of the Russian Far East. The distance from Khabarovsk to Moscow is about 8,400 km.
The population of Khabarovsk is about 607,000 (2015), the area - 386 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 4212, the postal codes - 680000-680150.
Until the middle of the 19th century, the territory of present Khabarovsk, in accordance with the Treaty of Nerchinsk, was a neutral territory between the Ch’ing Empire and the Russian Empire.
In 1858, an agreement was signed, according to which the entire left bank of the Amur became part of the Russian Empire, the right bank passed into the possession of China. After the agreement was signed, a military post named Khabarovka was founded. It was named after Yerofey Khabarov, the Russian explorer of the 17th century.
In 1865, the population of the settlement was 1294 people, mostly soldiers and officers. By 1880, it was quite a large settlement with 2036 people. In 1893, Khabarovka was renamed in Khabarovsk.
More Historical Facts…
During the Civil War, power in Khabarovsk changed several times. In 1922, it became part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. After the establishment of Soviet power, Khabarovsk intensively developed in the economic, social and cultural spheres. In 1925, the railway bridge across the Amur River was restored. In 1936, the railway between Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur was built. In 1934-1939, the city became the administrative center of the Khabarovsk region.
Today, Khabarovsk is a large industrial, transport, cultural, educational and scientific center of the Far East.
In 2002, Khabarovsk received the status of the administrative center of Far Eastern Federal district of Russia. In 2008, the railway station was completely renovated. In 2012, Khabarovsk received the honorary title of “City of Military Glory.” In the late summer - early autumn 2013, Khabarovsk was exposed to flooding, which became the strongest flooding for the entire observation period from 1897.
The climate of Khabarovsk is moderate, monsoon, with cold and dry winters and hot and humid summers. The average temperature in January is -19.8 degrees Celsius, the average temperature in July is +21.3 degrees C.
The city is a large transportation hub connecting the north and the west of Russia, Primorye, and Sakhalin. The Trans-Siberian Railway goes through it. Khabarovsk is a connecting point of the federal highways Chita-Khabarovsk, Khabarovsk-Vladivostok (M60-Ussuri), Khabarovsk-Komsomolsk-on-Amur and the highway under construction Khabarovsk-Nahodka.
Khabarovsk airport offers flights to Moscow, Vladivostok, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Novosibirsk, Yakutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Bangkok, Seoul, Harbin.
From the high bank of the Amur River, you can see Chinese territory. Khabarovsk Bridge as well as and the cliff and the monument to Muraviev-Amursky are depicted on the Russian note of 5,000 rubles.
You can try dishes from around the world in the restaurants of Khabarovsk: Russian, Ukrainian, Italian, French, Bulgarian, Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Uzbek, Azeri and other cuisines.
Khabarovsk places of interest
- The Museum of Local Lore named after N.I. Grodekov (Shevchenko Street, 11). One of the oldest museums in the Far East, founded in 1894, with more than 400 thousand different exhibits;
- Far Eastern Art Museum (Shevchenko Street, 7). The museum has the largest collection in the Russian Far East. You can see paintings made by Vereshchagin, Shishkin, Repin, Titian, Rubens, Rembrandt. There is also a collection of ancient weapons;
- Khabarovsk Archeology Museum (Turgenev Street, 86). The exhibition tells about the history and ancient cultures of the Amur region. The museum building is a monument of architecture, culture and history of federal significance;
- The Museum of the Far Eastern Railway (Vladivostokskaya Street, 40). Here you can learn more about the history of the construction of the Ussuri Railway (Vladivostok - Khabarovsk) as part of the Great Siberian way (the famous Trans-Siberian Railway);
- The Museum of the City of Khabarovsk (Lenin Street, 85). It is the youngest museum in the city opened in 2004. The pride of the museum is the collection of weapons and firearms of the twentieth century;
- The Military Historical Museum of the Far Eastern Military District (Shevchenko Street, 20). The museum is located in a historic building on the banks of the Amur River in the historic center of the city. It has a collection of battle banners of the Civil and the Great Patriotic War, domestic and foreign firearms and bladed weapons, orders and medals, uniforms and equipment, paintings and drawings, military and political posters. In the courtyard of the museum, you can find an exhibition of military equipment;
- The Art Gallery named after A.M. Fedotov (Muravyov-Amursky Street, 47). More than 700 paintings, drawings and objects of traditional art of indigenous people of the Amur region.
- Khabarovsk Theater of Drama and Comedy (Muravyov-Amursky Street, 25),
- Khabarovsk Puppet Theater (Lenin Street, 35),
- Khabarovsk Musical Theater (Karl Marx Street, 64),
- Khabarovsk Youth Theater (Muravyov-Amursky Street, 10, 12),
- Khabarovsk Philharmonic Society (Shevchenko Street, 7),
- Pantomime Theater “Triada” (Lenin Street, 27),
- White Theater (Sheronov Street, 67).
More about Khabarovsk sights…
- The regional park named after N.N. Muravyov-Amursky (Shevchenko Street, 15). The park is situated along the embankment of the Amur River. Here you can find the famous monument to N.N. Muravyov-Amursky, the governor-general of Eastern Siberia;
- Park named after A.Gaydar (Tolstoy Street, 2). It is an amazingly beautiful place where you can relax with kids. The park has an entertainment center “Harlequin” with rides, children’s bowling, cafes and toy stores. In winter, on the site of a soccer field, there is an ice skating rink;
- Park “Khabarovsk Arboretum” (Shkolnaya Street, 7). The natural monument of regional significance, the cultural center of the city. The arboretum has 386 different species of plants;
- Park “Severniy” (Tryokhgornaya Street, 43). Residents and visitors of Khabarovsk can stand on the bridges at the pond, relax in the cozy gazebos, walk through the shady alleys with cobbled walkways. The church of St. Seraphim of Sarov is located here;
- Park “Dynamo” (Karl Marx Street, 62). It is a large and beautiful park located in the center of Khabarovsk. You can relax at any time of the year here. Not far from the park you can find the city’s ponds with walking zones and a cascade of fountains.
- Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral (Turgenev Street, 24). It is the third largest church among the Orthodox churches of Russia after the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow and St. Isaac’s Cathedral in St. Petersburg. The height of the cathedral is 95 meters;
- Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ (Leningradskaya Street, 65). The only church in Khabarovsk, which was open the entire Soviet period;
- Church of St. Innocent of Irkutsk (Turgenev Street, 73b). The main Orthodox church and the oldest church in Khabarovsk.
- The monument to the explorer Yerofey Khabarov. This monument greets visitors of Khabarovsk at Privokzalnaya (Railway Station) Square;
- The monument to Yakov Dyachenko. This bronze monument, located on Shevchenko Street, opposite the museum of local lore, is dedicated to Yakov Vasilyevich Dyachenko, the founder of the settlement of Khabarovka;
- The Monument to N.N. Muravyov-Amursky. This monument is the hallmark of Khabarovsk.
Church of St. Seraphim of Sarov in Khabarovsk
Assumption (Uspensky) Cathedral in Khabarovsk
Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral in Khabarovsk
Khabarovsk has a number of different hotels. Here are just some of them:
- Hotel “Tsentralnaya”. The five-storey hotel building is located in the center of Khabarovsk, near Lenin Square. It is one of the most popular hotels of the city. Address: Pushkin Street, 52. Tel .: 8 4212 32 47 59, 303 300;
- Hotel “Intourist”. The hotel is located in the central park area with a river view. The hotel has three restaurants offering dishes of Russian, Japanese and Korean cuisine. Amursky Boulevard, 2. Tel .: 8 4212 31 23 13;
- Hotel “Tourist”. One of the largest and most respected hotels in Khabarovsk. Sinelnikov Street, 9. Tel .: 8 4212 43 96 74,78 33 43;
- Hotel “Amur”. This is one of the oldest hotels in the city located in the downtown area. Lenin Street, 29. Tel .: 8 4212 22 12 23,73 59 44;
- Hotel “Versailles”. This business hotel is very conveniently situated at the crossing of transport routes. All the city’s main attractions are located nearby. Amursky Boulevard Street, 46a. Tel .: 8 4212 65 92 90, 32 56 30;
- Hotel “Parus”. The hotel is located in the city center, on the banks of the Amur River, in the park area. Shevchenko Street, 5. Tel .: 8 4212 32 72 70, 33 55 55;
- Hotel “Sapporo”. The hotel is located in the center of Khabarovsk close to the Museum of Local Lore, the Museum of Fine Arts and the Amur River. Komsomolskaya Street, 79. Tel .: 8 4212 30 42 90, 30 44 18.