Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk is a city in the Far East of Russia, the capital of the Sakhalin region, located in the south-eastern part of Sakhalin Island, on the Susuya River, about 9,200 km from Moscow. It is the largest transport hub on the island.
The population of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk is about 194,000 (2015), the area - 164 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 4242, the postal codes - 693000-693904.
The administrative and territorial division of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk was changing depending on the historical conditions. In the days of the Russian Empire, Sakhalin was inhabited by convicted and exiled people. The first people were exiled here in 1858. Eleven years later, Sakhalin was officially declared a place of penal servitude.
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk was founded by convicts as a village of Vladimirovka in 1882. In 1885, 57 people lived in Vladimirovka. Ten years later, the number of inhabitants increased to 130.
More Historical Facts…
During the Russian-Japanese War, Japan occupied southern Sakhalin in 1905. Administratively it became part of Karafuto governorate. By 1908, the official governing was transferred from Korsakov deep into the island, to the settlement of Vladimirovka, which was renamed Toyoharu in August 1915.
During the Second World War, the USSR took back the southern part of Sakhalin. The town of Toyoharu became part of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsky district. On February 2, 1946, the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk region was founded on the territory of Southern Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. It was part of Khabarovsk krai. Toyoharu became its administrative center and was renamed Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk on June 4, 1946. “Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk” literally means a city located in the south of Sakhalin.
On January 2, 1947, the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk region was abolished and its territory became part of the Sakhalin region. The town of Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky was its administrative center. In April 18, 1947, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk became the center of the region.
General views of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk from above
General view of Yuzhno-Sahalinsk
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk is located in a seismically hazardous area. Strong earthquakes are highly probable. The houses are built in accordance with special methods. The city is located relatively far from the sea, about 50 km from the west coast, 25 km from the east coast and 20 km from the south coast.
From the east Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk is protected by the mountains. The city is located in the valley surrounded by hills, that is why its climate is very specific. Summers can be very hot and winters - very frosty (because of lack of winds).
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Airport (Khomutovo) is an international airport of federal significance located about 10 kilometers from the city center. Regular flights to Blagoveshchensk, Vladivostok, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Khabarovsk, Yakutsk, Seoul (South Korea), Tokyo (Japan) are available.
The climate is temperate monsoon. January is the coldest month, the average temperature is minus 12,2 degrees Celsius. August is the warmest month, the average temperature - plus 17,3 degrees Celsius.
The headquarters of the company “Sakhalinenergo”, the largest power company in the Russian East, is located in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. The consulates of South Korea, Japan, the Netherlands are open in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
Special thanks to Vladislav Yarowind for the photos provided.
Winter in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk modern architecture
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk places of interest
Sports and tourism complex “Mountain Air” - one of the most rapidly developing ski resorts in the Far East with 10 slopes of various levels of difficulty, for both beginners and professionals (the total length - more than 23 km). The season begins in December and ends in late April. In summer, the resort becomes a place for active recreation. This place also offers a beautiful view of the city (Gornyy Vozdukh Street).
Park named after Yuri Gagarin - a beautiful park and a great place for families with rides for children and several cafes. You can go through the park by train. Footpaths run through scenic natural sites (Detskaya Street, 1).
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Zoo - one of the largest zoos in the Far East of Russia (Detskaya Street, 4a).
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk museums and theaters
- Sakhalin State Regional Museum of Local Lore. The museum occupies a building constructed in the Japanese national style teikan yoshiki in 1937, the only one of its kind in the territory of both Sakhalin and throughout Russia (Kommunisticheskiy Avenue, 29),
- Sakhalin Regional Art Museum (Lenina Street, 137),
- Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Literary Museum of Anton Chekhov’s Book “The Island of Sakhalin” (Mira Avenue, 104),
- Museum of the History of the Sakhalin Railway (Vokzalnaya Street, 55, near the train station),
- Exhibition Hall of the Union of Russian Artists (Vokzalnaya Street, 5a),
- Geological Museum (Kommunisticheskiy Avenue, 70),
- Archaeological Museum of Sakhalin State University (Pogranichnaya Street, 70),
- Bear Museum (Detskaya Street, 7, 2nd floor),
- Sakhalin International Theater Center named after A.P. Chekhov (Kommunisticheskiy Avenue, 35),
- Sakhalin Regional Puppet Theater (Kommunisticheskiy Avenue, 28a).