Anadyr is a port city in the extreme north-east of Russia, an administrative center of Chukotka autonomous okrug. The city is located in the permafrost zone, on the shore of Anadyr Bay in the Bering Sea.
The population of Anadyr is about 14,300 (2015), the area - 20 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 42722, the postal code - 689000.
Anadyr, founded in 1889, was originally called Novo-Mariinsk. In 1914, one of the most powerful radio stations in Russia was built in Novo-Mariinsk. October 4, 1923, Novo-Mariinsk was renamed Anadyr.
The word “Anadyr” is mentioned in historical chronicles in different variations: “Onandyr” - Chukchi river, “Anadyrsk” - stockaded town of the mid 17th century (Semyon Dezhnev’s and Kurbat Ivanov’s time).
In 1931, the fishing plant was opened. Near it, the first in Chukotka power station was built. In 1932, the settlement became the center of Chukotka national district. In 1961, Anadyr sea port was formed.
January 12, 1965, the center of Chukotka national district became a town. Since 1992, it is the administrative center and capital of Chukotka autonomous okrug (region).
There is still a fishing plant in the city. On the outskirts, gold and coal are mined. Reindeer-breeding, fishing, hunting are among the other local industries. The streets are built with 5-storeyed panel houses and “khrushevkas.”
The climate is subarctic, maritime, harsh. The average temperature in January is minus 22 degrees Celsius, in July - varies greatly from year to year, but on average it is about plus 11 degrees Celsius. Warm period is very short.
Due to the proximity to the sea, the city has warmer winters and cooler summers comparing to the continental districts of Chukotka. Fogs are frequent in summer. The surface temperature of the water in summer - about plus 10 degrees C.
The absolute minimum temperature was minus 47 degrees C, the absolute maximum - plus 28 degrees C.
Anadyr is connected with Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky through sea ways as well as with Vladivostok, Magadan and other ports. Also, there is an airport here. The distance from Anadyr to Moscow, if you go by plane, is about 6,400 km.
Near the town, on Observation Cape, you can find one of the largest wind power plants in Russia.
Anadyr Sea Port is the largest in the region, it has connections to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Vladivostok, Magadan and other ports. The navigation period lasts 4 months (from July 1 to November 1).
The local airport has international status. There are regular flights to Moscow and Khabarovsk, as well as to a number of settlements of Chukotka.
Due to the harsh climatic conditions, the roads are made of concrete. In 2012, the construction of the federal highway Kolyma (highway P-504) - Omsukchan - Omolon - Anadyr began. As a result, Anadyr will have a year-round connection to the highway system of the Russian Far East.
There are three bus routes (municipal transport is free of charge):
- #1 Orphanage - School #2
- #2 Power station - Chukotka District Hospital
- #3 Power station - Tavayvaam settlement
Anadyr has cellular operators MTS, Beeline and Megafon. Internet services and cable television are provided by the local company “Arctic Region Svyaz” and “Chukotka Svyaz Inform” (part of Rostelecom company).
Holy Trinity Cathedral is the world’s largest Orthodox wooden church built on permafrost. It can accommodate about 1,000 people.
Anadyr traveling tips
You can reach Anadyr from Moscow by air. Flights take off from Domodedovo airport several times a week. Time on board is about 8 hours. The modern comfortable airport was built several years ago and it can accept planes of any type.
It is worth mentioning that the airport is located in the settlement Ugolnye Kopi which is across the Anadyr estuary.
In summer, motorboats take you to the city (about 40 min), in winter - you wil go across the ice-covered estuary, and at all other times of the year - only helicopters can take you to Anadyr.
This is one of the most uncomfortable thing during the trip as you risk to stay at the airport for uncertain time in case of a storm.
Also, don’t forget that it is a frontier zone. Frontier guards check documents on board. Therefore it is necessary to reserve a hotel in advance and to be ready to explain the objective of your trip and the place of stay.
At present, Anadyr is a quite modern city adjusted to living. The buildings painted in pink, yellow and blue impress very much especially against the gray background of Chukotka tundra. There are some quite modern hotels too.
Different tourist programs are available, therefore there is always a chance to tour the Chukotka tundra. We also recommend you to visit Chukotka Museum of Local Lore (Rultytegin Street, 5).