Blagoveschensk (other spellings are Blagoveshensk, Blagovescensk, Blagoveshchensk) is the capital and administrative center of Amur oblast of Russia.
The city is standing on the left bank of the Amur River on the border with China. Blagoveschensk is the only administrative center of Russia that is located on the state border.
Blagoveschensk population is about 220,000 (2012), land area - 321 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 4162; the postal codes are 675000-675999.
In 1644, first Russian settlers moved to the area and founded their settlement. Russian military outpost was founded later in 1856. The city received its name “Blagoveschensk” after the parish church of Annunciation (Blagoveshchenie in Russian).
The town was growing fast in the beginning of the 20th century because of gold rush. Also Blagoveschensk had favorable position situated on the Chinese-Russian border (about hundreds of meters opposite the Heihe city).
In 1900, numerous Chinese insurgents shelled Blagoveschensk as a result of the Boxer Rebellion. The Orthodox tradition says that the city was saved by icon of Our Lady of Albazin.
In response Russian police forces aided by Cossacks drove away Chinese ethnic community from Russian bank of Amur River to Chinese bank. Thousands of civilians drowned in the Amur River or were shot.
At present, Russian Blagoveschensk and Chinese Heihe cities form a free-trade zone. Blagoveschensk Chinese community is one of the largest in Russia. The community helps Chinese to legalize in Russia. It also builds a lot of new buildings for various customers.
Suburb “Severny” offers low-price habitation for city newcomers. Blagoveschensk State Pedagogical University and Amur State University are situated in the city.