Siberian Federal District, Russia

Siberian Federal District - Overview

Siberian Federal District is a federal district of Russia located in the Siberian part of the country, formed by a presidential decree of May 13, 2000. Novosibirsk is the administrative center and the largest city of the district, the largest city in the Asian part of Russia.

The territory of the district is about 30% of the territory of Russia (the second largest, not much inferior to the Far Eastern Federal District).

The population of Siberian Federal District is about 19,326,000 (2016), the area - 5,144,953 sq. km.

Siberia district map, Russia


Siberian Federal District - Features

Siberian Federal District is located on the territories of the West Siberian Plain, the Central Siberian Plateau, the mountain massifs of Southern Siberia and the Taimyr Peninsula. In the north the territory of the district is washed by the waters of the Arctic Ocean. A significant part of the territory of the Siberian Federal District is located in the regions of the Far North and permafrost.

In the south, Siberian Federal District is bordered by the Republic of Kazakhstan, Mongolia, the People’s Republic of China. The length of the state border is 7269.6 km: Kazakhstan (2697.9 km), Mongolia (3316.2 km), China (1255.5 km).

By population density, Siberian Federal District occupies the penultimate place among the federal districts of Russia: only 3.8 people per sq. km. The population of the district is unevenly distributed over its territory. In the Kemerovo region, it is about 32 people per sq. km., while in the north of Krasnoyarsk krai - 0.3-0.5 people per sq. km. The level of urbanization is about 73%.

This district has significant reserves of lead and platinum (about 85% of the total Russian reserves), molybdenum (80%), nickel (71%), copper (69%), zinc and manganese (more than 65%), silver and gold (more 40%), as well as titanium, tungsten, phosphorites, iron ore, bauxite, and other minerals. Oil production does not play an important role in the economy of Siberian Federal District (only about 2% of the total oil production of Russia).

The total area of the forest fund is 371,899 thousand hectares (almost 40% of Russia’s forest reserves). On the territory of Siberian Federal District there are 21 state nature reserves (42.3% of the area of Russian nature reserves) and 6 national parks (35.9% of the area of Russian national parks).

The coal industry is highly developed in Siberian Federal District, as well as ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy. The district has developed power engineering (production of turbines, generators), production of equipment for the coal industry. The chemical industry is concentrated in Angara-Usolsky and Krasnoyarsk chemical complexes.

One of the key industries of Siberian Federal District is the electric power industry. The world’s largest hydroelectric power stations are located on its territory: Irkutsk, Bratsk, Ust-Ilim, Krasnoyarsk, Sayano-Shushenskaya.

Railway transport plays the leading role in the district. The largest transport routes are the Trans-Siberian Railway, the Siberian Railway and the South-Siberian Railway.

Nature of Siberian Federal District

Kemerovo region

Kemerovo region

Author: Sergey Timofeev

Khakassia Republic

Khakassia Republic

Author: Dmitry Antipov

Buryat Republic

Buryat Republic

Author: Oleg Shubarov


Siberian Federal District - Cities and Regions

In total, there are 132 cities and towns on the territory of Siberian Federal District.

Siberia Federal District includes the following 12 federal subjects of Russian Federation:

The largest cities of Siberia Federal District are:

Siberia district of Russia photos

Churches in Siberian Federal District

Church in the Irkutsk region

Church in the Irkutsk region

Author: Gennady Taraskov

Church in the Kemerovo region

Church in the Kemerovo region

Author: Yury Marchenko

Church in the Omsk region

Church in the Omsk region

Author: Heinrich Jena


The comments of our visitors

Edna
Siberia
Wondeful places! I hope one day I can visit some of them. Best regards from Brazil. Edna

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