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In Jan-May 2024, according to the Ministry of Finance, the deficit of the federal budget of Russia amounted to 983 B rubles ($11 B, 0.5% of GDP). In Jan-May 2023, it was 3 T (1.8%). Revenues - 14.289 T (+45.5%), expenses - 15.272 T (+18.9%). Non-oil and gas revenues - 9.338 T (+34%), oil and gas revenues - 4.951 T (+73.5%). In 2023, according to the Federal Tax Service of Russia, about 196 thousand citizens (0.3% of all taxpayers) had an annual income above 10M rubles (111K USD), 364 thousand (0.5%) - 5-10M rubles (55-111K USD), 11.2 million people (17.1%) - 1-5M rubles (11-55K USD), 53.6 million people (82.1%) - less than 1M rubles (11K USD). According to Kpler, Europe remains the main export destination of Russian liquefied natural gas: in April 2024 - 46% (1.31M tons), Asia - 34% (1M tons), the remaining 20% (0.57M tons) - "unknown destinations". In Q1 2024, exports amounted to 11.53M tons (+3.1%). Exports to Europe were down 15% in April compared to March, but shipments to "unknown destinations" were up nearly 18%. In 2022, migrants committed 40,150 (2%) crimes in Russia (7,680 in Moscow, 5,520 in Moscow Oblast). More than 85% were committed by citizens of the former USSR countries. In Jan-Nov 2023 - 36,600 crimes. Crimes are committed mainly against other migrants and are most often of a domestic nature, sometimes on religious grounds or, for example, just a fight in the market. In 2023, according to the IT company Platforma, the number of VPN users in Russia increased by 37% compared to 2022 and 2.5 times compared to 2021. The largest share of VPN users is in Moscow (11%), Krasnodar and Krasnodar Krai (9%), St. Petersburg (8%), Rostov-on-Don and Rostov Oblast (5%), Perm and Perm Krai (5%). The main age of VPN users is 35-44 years old (63%). More notes from Russia »
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JSa asks: Did Russia "lockdown" during covid and are there any covid protocols still ongoing for tourists? Must proof of vaccination be presented? Can foreign nationals apply for asylum in Russia?
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All Covid restrictions have been lifted; foreigners don't need any vaccination certificates, tests, etc. to enter Russia. Check the following article about Granting asylum in Russia.

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