Krasnoyarsk region overview
Krasnoyarsk krai (region) (also spelled Krasnoyarsky on Russian) is a part of Siberian federal district of the Russian Federation with the administrative center in Krasnoyarsk. The region is located in Central Siberia occupying 13,8% of the territory of the country.
The region is located in the river Yenisei basin. In the north, the krai is washed by two seas of the Arctic Ocean - the Karskoye Sea and the Laptevs’ Sea.
Krasnoyarsk region has the population of about 2,847,000 (2012) on the territory of 2,366,797 sq. km.
Krasnoyarsk region natural resources
Over 95% of all Russian deposits of nickel and platinum group metals, over 20% of gold, considerable deposits of cobalt, 63 industrial metals and other deposits are found in Krasnoyarsk region as well as about 70% of Russian coal which makes 20% of all the coal in the world.
Intensive coal-mining is being held in Kansko-Achinsky basin, Tungussky basin, oil- and gas-fields in Yurubchinsk and Vankorsk areas. 25 oil- and gas-fields are found in the the region. One of the largest deposits in the world - Gorevskoye deposit of lead (42% of all Russian deposits) is located there.
Abagasskoye iron-ore deposit is being prospected as well as Kureyskoye graphite deposit. About 21% of apatite raw in Russia is located in Maymecha-Kotuyskaya apatite area. All in all over 10,000 different deposits are found on the territory of Krasnoyarsk region.
Krasnoyarsk region nature
Krasnoyarsk region nature scenery
Krasnoyarsky krai nature view
Krasnoyarsk region territory features
The climate of Krasnoyarsk province is of sharp continental type, big temperature changes within a year are typical. Due to large distance of the region from north to south the climate is very different.
In the northern and central districts of the region that are not densely populated, the climate is of continental type with long winters and short hot summers. The average temperature in January is -36 degrees Celsius in the north and -18 degrees C in the south, in July correspondingly +10 degrees C and +20 degrees C.
Krasnoyarsk krai is a region with good supplies of water. One of the largest rivers in the world Yenisei flows from south to north. There are over 323,000 lakes each over 300 m long and above 10 hectares. Besides, a great number of lakes come into being once in several years during intensive snow melting.
About 86% of lakes are located behind the Polar circle. One of the largest lakes is Taimyr Lake. Its square is 4,560 sq. km. The rivers of the region potentially have a considerable hydro power.
The forests of Krasnoyarsk region take 168,1 million hectares. They cover 69% of the province territory. The timber resources are considered to make 14,4 billion cubic meters.
Krasnoyarsk region history
On December 7, 1934, Krasnoyarsky krai was formed, the borders of it were almost the same as of Yeniseiskaya gubernia of the Russian Empire. In 1991, Khakassia autonomous oblast being originally a part of the krai was re-formed into a Republic.
Since January 1, 2007, Krasnoyarsk krai, Taimyr (Dolgano-Nenetsky) autonomous district and Evenky autonomous district were united into Krasnoyarsk krai within the borders of 3 former regions, autonomous districts became the parts of the region as Taimyr (Dolgano-Nenetsky) and Evenky districts.
Krasnoyarsk region villages
Krasnoyarsk region village
Krasnoyarsk province village
Krasnoyarsky krai village
Krasnoyarsk region economics
Thanks to considerable ore deposits, power resources and heavy industry retained since the Soviet time, the region is the absolute leader among regions of Russia in industrial output per one person. About 3,2% of all the industrial output of Russia is produced in Krasnoyarsk region.
Large power resources enabled creating a big metallurgical chain of plants: Krasnoyarsk power station - Krasnoyarsk aluminum plant - Achinsk alumina plant - Krasnoyarsk metallurgical plant.
The plants of Krasnoyarsk krai produce about 27% of Russian aluminum; Norilsky nickel produces over 70% of Russian copper, 80% of nickel, 70% of cobalt and over 90% of platinum group metals.
Krasnoyarsk region possesses the largest in Russia potential of developing hydro power industry. Some of the largest hydro power stations in the world were built on the Yenisei River. There are 20 power stations in action and 1 being constructed in the region.
Power stations are built and being built in the region, they are as follows: Krasnoyarsk (20 billion kwtt/h a year); Boguchanskaya (18 billion kwtt/h); Kureyskaya (2,6 billion kwtt/h); Ust-Khantaiskaya (2 billion kwtt/h).
Machine-building plants of the region produce goods of civil and military purpose. Wood-working and pulp and paper industries are also developed as well as chemical industry.
Largest financial and industrial companies are active in the krai: “Basic element” (RUSAL Krasnoyarsk aluminum plant, Achinsk alumina plant, Krasnoyarsk pulp and paper plant); “Interros” (“Norilsky nickel”); “Evraz” (Krasnokamensky and Irbinsky ore mines and forests); “MDM Group” - SUEK (coal mining and power engineering); Russian Railways.
The climate of Minusinskaya hollow is considered the best in Siberia - vegetables and fruits of best quality are grown here. Over 50% of agricultural output is produced in central and south-western parts of the province.
Krasnoyarsk region landscapes
Krasnoyarsk province landscape
Krasnoyarsk krai landscape
Krasnoyarsk region scenery
Krasnoyarsk region transportation system
Krasnoyarsk region is a big transportation juncture in Siberian federal district. All kinds of transport including pipelines are presented in the region.
The railways of the region include Trans-Siberian railway with its branches; Southern Siberian railway; Norilsk railway; North-Siberian railway is being designed.
Among the highways of the region are M53 Baikal (Novosibirsk - Irkutsk) and M54 Yenisei (Krasnoyarsk - Kyzyl - Mongolia).
Air transportation is well developed. There are 26 airports in the region. The largest international airport is located in Yemelyanovo near Krasnoyarsk.
Two lines of the pipeline “Irkutsk - Anzhero-Sudzhensk” cross the territory of the region.
Krasnoyarsk region attractions
The Yenisei River cruises are held from Krasnoyarsk to Igarka. A lot of tourists visit Shushenskoye and the international festival of ethnic music “Sayany ring”.
The city of Yeniseisk has the potential to become the tourism center. It was the best district city of Russia in the 19th century.