Novokuznetsk is the largest city in Kemerovo oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of Western Siberia, on both banks of the Tom River, in the southern part of the region. Novokuznetsk is an important economic, transport, and cultural center of Siberia.
Novokuznetsk population is about 550,000 (2015), the land are - 424 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 3843; the postal codes - 654000-654103.
Novokuznetsk is one of the oldest cities in Siberia. It was founded approximately in 1617-1618. From 1620 till the end of the 18th century, it was a stockaded town located on the right bank of the Tom River.
Present Novokuznetsk was formed on July, 3, 1931, on the basis of the settlement of Sad-gorod (from 1929), near a metallurgical plant. In March 1932, it included the town of Kuznetsk and was renamed into Stalinsk in May 1932. In the 1930s, industrialization turned the town into an important coal-mining and industrial center.
Kuznetsky metallurgical plant began operating in 1931. Later, in 1941, two evacuated plants were also put into operation in the city: Novokuznetsky aluminum plant and Kuznetsky iron-alloys plant. Kuznetsky metallurgical plant produced military products, several tank armies were produced of steel produced in Novokuznetsk.
More Historical Facts…
Later, in 1961, the West-Siberian metallurgical plant was constructed. November 5, 1961, Stalinsk was renamed in Novokuznetsk. According to the census conducted in 1989, the population of the city was 599,900.
By 1998, the city was in decline. The crisis of 1998 led to the devaluation of the ruble and coal mining and ferrous metallurgy became profitable again. The economic growth of the 2000s caused rapid construction in the city.
Tram tracks leading to Novokuznetsk train station
Apartment buildings in Novokuznetsk
Novokuznetsk is one of the largest metallurgical and coal production centers in Russia, although most of the mines on the territory of the city are closed.
The distance from Moscow by roads is 3,751 km. Novokuznetsk City Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of July. It is the largest city after Tolyatti that doesn’t have the status of an administrative center of the region.
Novokuznetsk is characterized by sharply continental climate. The average temperature in January is minus 15.2 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 18.8 degrees Celsius.
From Novokuznetsk railway station you can go by train to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Vladivostok, Barnaul, Tomsk, Abakan and other cities, as well as to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. International Airport Novokuznetsk (Spichenkovo) offers flights to Moscow, Krasnoyarsk, Bangkok (Thailand), Kamran (Vietnam).
The main industries of Novokuznetsk: ferrous metallurgy, coal mining, non-ferrous metallurgy, power engineering, machine-building, and metal-working. The environmental situation is unfavorable in the city. Air pollution is mainly caused by the metallurgical plants.
Novokuznetsk city scenery
Novokuznetsk places of interest
Despite the fact that Novokuznetsk is a relatively young city, it has 37 different objects of cultural heritage, 43 archeological monuments, 3 memorial complexes, more than 70 memorials and plaques.
Among the preserved pre-revolutionary stone buildings of Novokuznetsk are: Transfiguration Cathedral (1792-1835), Kuznetsk fortress with barracks, Novokuznetsk distillery.
- Novokuznetsk Museum of Local Lore, the first museum in the region, has expositions dedicated to natural resources, flora and fauna of the Kuznetsk region, the history of the region and the city (Pionerskiy Avenue, 24);
- Novokuznetsk Art Museum, opened in 1961, was the first art museum in the region. The museum has works made by local artists, rare icons, as well as paintings of the Russian artists of the late 18th-19th and the 20th century (Kirova Street, 62);
- Novokuznetsk Literary Museum named after F.M.Dostoyevsky tells the story of love of F.M. Dostoevsky and M.D. Isayeva, their wedding in the city and the reflection of these events in the writer’s works. The museum has a large library and a collection of photographs (Dostoyevsky Street, 29);
- The Memorial Museum of Military and Labor Glory of Kuznetsk Metallurgists possesses over 2,500 exhibits (photos, original documents, awards, soldiers’ belongings, equipment, letters, shell-splinters, trophies, samples of military products, etc.) (Pobed Square, 1/1);
- The Historical and Architectural Museum “Kuznetsk Fortress” exhibits the town of Kuznetsk at the end of the 19th - early 20th centuries. Excursions are held round the old fortress (Krepostnoy pr-d, 1);
- The History Museum of the Siberian State Industrial University (Kirova Street, 42, rooms #234, #239);
- The Roerichs’ Family Museum (Kosygina Street, 35b);
- The Museum of Science and Technology named after I.P.Bardin (Metallurgov Avenue, 17).
More Places of Interest…
- Novokuznetsk Drama Theater (Metallurgov Avenue, 28),
- Novokuznetsk Puppet Theater (Metallurgov Avenue, 31),
- Fire theater “ShinHi” (Bardina Avenue, 27),
- Musical Theater “The Seventh Morning” (Michurina Street, 4).
Other cultural institutions in Novokuznetsk
- Novokuznetsk Governor Jazz Club “Helicon” (Pokryshkina Street, 4),
- Novokuznetsk State Circus (Kirova Street, 70),
- Novokuznetsk Planetarium (Metallurgov Avenue, 16a).