Krasnoyarsk is the largest economical and cultural center of Eastern Siberia, the administrative center of Krasnoyarsky krai (the second largest in Russia).
The city is standing on both banks of the river Yenisei in a hollow formed by northern spurs of Eastern Sayan. It is the spot where West Siberian plain, Middle Siberian plateau and Altay-Sayany mountains come together.
Krasnoyarsk population is 1,007,000 (2012).
The phone code is +7 391; postal codes - 660000-660xxx.
Krasnoyarsk was founded by Cossacks headed by Andrey Dubensky in 1628 as a military settlement where the river Kacha flows into Yenisei. Krasnoyarsk became a town in 1690. The town began to rapidly grow after the Siberian road (federal highway M53 now) was constructed in 1735. The road connected Krasnoyarsk with Achinsk and the rest part of European Russia.
Further development of the city was due to gold-fields found in the region and the railway constructed in 1895. In the Russian Empire, Krasnoyarsk was the city of political exiles. Eight Decembrists were exiled to Krasnoyarsk after uprising was suppressed.
Krasnoyarsk economics and transportation
Krasnoyarsk is a developed industrial center. There are over 17,000 plants and organizations in the city. Leading industries are non-ferrous metallurgy, machine-building, wood-processing, transport, chemical, food, trade and services.
Krasnoyarsk is a big transportation center located on crossroad of Trans-Siberian railway and Yenisei waterways. Trans-Siberian railway runs through the city, trains take routes Abakan - Tayshet, Achinsk - Abakan, Krasnoyarsk - Boguchany, Achinsk - Lesosibirsk.
Highway M53 Novosibirsk - Krasnoyarsk - Irkutsk crosses the city, highway M54 Krasnoyarsk - Abakan - Kyzyl - state frontier, going to Mongolia (Tsagan-Tolgoi); Yeniseisky road Krasnoyarsk - Lesosibirsk - Yeniseisk starts from here.
Passenger ships go to Igarka, Dudinka, Divnogorsk. There are 2 airports in Krasnoyarsk city: Yemelyanovo - international and inner flights; Cheremshanka - local flights. There are direct flights to Athens, Hannover, Salzburg, Lisbon, Beijing, Podgoritsa, Salonika and others.
The main inner city transportation is bus. Tram lines are in the right-side part of the city and trolley-bus lines - in the left-side part. In summertime “river trams” run between two banks of Yenisei river. Besides, since 2005, there is a circle line of city electric train.
Since 1995, Krasnoyarsk underground is being constructed. The first line will start operating in 2014. Underground lines are deep: 60 m and even deeper. There are 5 bridges across the river Yenisei.