Tomsk is a city in Russia located in the east of Western Siberia, the capital of the Tomsk region. It is a major educational, scientific and innovation center of Siberia.
The population of Tomsk is about 569,000 (2015), the area - 295 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 3822, the postal codes - 634000-634538.
In the early 17th century, Tomsk prison was founded on the right bank of the Tom River, 60 km from the Ob River and not far from the mouth of the small river of Ushaika. October 7, 1604, construction was completed. This date is considered the birthday of Tomsk (despite this City Day is celebrated on June 7, because the bad autumn weather prevents wide celebration).
Tomsk became a strategic military base which provided protection to the local population during the 17th century - in 1614, 1617, 1657, and 1698, it repelled the attacks of the nomads.
In the 18th century, the Russian Empire borders receded far to the south and east, the local nomadic tribes were defeated and Tomsk lost its military significance. Since the mid-18th century to the Soviet era, Tomsk remained a place of exile.
More Historical Facts…
After the construction of the Siberian road, Tomsk became an important center of transit trade. Gradually, the town grew to the status of the region’s administrative center and, in 1804, it became the center of a huge Tomsk gubernia (province), which consisted of the current Altay Republic, Altai krai, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Tomsk regions, East-Kazakhstan region (Kazakhstan), and part of Krasnoyarsk krai.
At the beginning of the 19th century, Tomsk became not only the administrative, but also the cultural and economic center of the south of Western Siberia. Since the late 1830s, the population of Tomsk grew rapidly thanks to the growth of gold mining in Siberia.
During the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, the bridge across the Ob River was built far to the south of Tomsk. As a result, a new settlement was founded near the bridge, which grew into the city of Novosibirsk. Tomsk was far from the railway and despite the fact that later it was connected by railroad with the Trans-Siberian railway, it was a dead-end railroad and the town lost its role as a transport hub.
During the Second World War, about 30 plants from the European part of Russia were evacuated to Tomsk, they became the basis of the city industry. August 13, 1944, the Tomsk region was founded with the administrative center in Tomsk.
Until the 1960s, Tomsk remained a relatively small provincial city. In the second half of the 1960s - 1970s, it gained momentum for a dynamic and rapid development. At that time, the oil industry of the Tomsk region was created from scratch, a number of defense enterprises were opened in the city. In 1970, Tomsk received the status of the historic city.
In the 1990s, like most other cities in Russia, the city experienced industrial decline, especially in mechanical engineering and military-oriented industries.
Tomsk celebrated its 400th anniversary in 2004. In 2005, the Russian government declared Tomsk to be a special economic area which implies investments in the city’s economy and creation of innovation organizations.
On the street in the historical center of Tomsk
In the residential area of Tomsk
The horse, depicted on the emblem of Tomsk, reminds about carrier’s trade that served as a source of income for a large part of the population, and that once Moscow-Siberian road passed through the town.
Tomsk is located on the right bank of the Tom River, about 50 km from the Ob River. The city stands on the border of the taiga: there are thick forests and marshlands to the north, and forests and steppes to the south. The distance to Moscow by road is 3,604 km.
The climate is continental-cyclonic (transitional from the European temperate continental to the Siberian sharply continental). The average temperature in January is minus 17.1 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 18.7 degrees Celsius.
The city is an important scientific center. There are a lot of businesses that are closely related to science; IT industry is also well developed.
Bogashevo Airport is the main international airport of Tomsk; regular flights to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Krasnoyarsk, Yekaterinburg, Sochi, Surgut, Barnaul, Nizhnevartovsk are available.
K-150 “Tomsk”, a Russian nuclear submarine, was named in honor of the city. You can find Tomskaya Street in a number of cities in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan.
Tomsk Regional Drama Theater
The Russian-German House in Tomsk
Tomsk places of interest
Tomsk has a large number of different monuments, some are quite surprising and unusual. For example, you can find “Monument to Happiness” on Shevchenko Street (the wolf from an acclaimed Soviet cartoon “Once Upon a Dog”). The monument to Chekhov on the embankment of the Tom River (in front of the restaurant “Slavic Bazaar”) is one of the symbols of Tomsk.
Most of the monuments are located in Sovetsky and Kirovsky districts. The historical monuments of Tomsk can be found in the southern part of Oktyabrsky district, on Voskresenskaya mountain.
- Tomsk Museum of Local Lore (Lenina Avenue, 75),
- Art Museum (Nakhanovicha Lane, 3),
- Tomsk Museum of Wooden Architecture (Kirova Avenue, 7),
- Museum of the History of Tomsk (Bakunina Street, 3),
- Tomsk Memorial Museum of the History of Political Repression (Lenina Avenue, 44),
- Museum of Slavic Mythology (Zagornaya Street, 12),
- Tomsk Forest Museum (Komsomolskaya Street, 9a),
- Zoological Museum of Tomsk State University (Lenina Avenue, 36),
- Art Gallery on Kartashova Street (Kartashova Street, 12a.
Tomsk architecture and churches
Tomsk wooden architecture
Wooden Lutheran Church of St. Mary in Tomsk
Church of the Resurrection in Tomsk
- Tomsk Regional Drama Theater (Lenina Square, 4),
- Performing Arts Theater “Versiya” (Belinskogo Street, 40),
- Tomsk Chamber Drama Theater (Lenina Avenue, 101),
- Tomsk Regional Theater for Young Spectators (Nakhanovicha Lane, 4),
- Theater of Living Puppets “2Ku” (Yuzhnyy Lane, 29),
- Theater of Actors, Puppets and Shadows “Etnos” (Frunze Avenue, 24),
- Theater of Puppets and Actors “Skomorokh” (Solyanaya Square, 4),
- Tomsk Planetarium (Lenina Avenue, 82a),
- Tomsk Philharmonic (Lenina Avenue, 12a).
Tomsk is rich in monuments of wooden and stone architecture of the 18th-20th centuries. The most outstanding buildings are:
- The Court (1904),
- Scientific Library (1914),
- P.I.Makushin’s House of Science (1912),
- “Red Building” (1904),
- Stock Exchange (1854),
- City Pawnshop (1912),
- T.T.de Vilnev’s House (the end of the 18th century),
- Governor’s House (1852),
- House with Marquee - the Russian-German House (1902) (Krasnoarmeyskaya Street, 71),
- House with Dragons (1917) (Krasnoarmeyskaya Street, 68),
- Merchant L.D.Zhelyabo’s houses (1895) and others.
Besides architectural monuments, there are a lot of places of interest related to history, culture and nature of the region in Tomsk and the surrounding area.