Irkutsk city, Russia (Irkuck)

The capital city of Irkutsk oblast.

Irkutsk overview

Irkutsk (also spelled Irkuck) is the administrative center and capital of Irkutsk oblast of Russia situated about 5,200 km east of Moscow on the Angara River. Baikal Lake is located near the city (about 70 km).

Irkutsk population is about 600,000 (2012).

The phone code is +7 3952, postal codes are 664000-664xxx.

Irkutsk city flag

Irkutsk city flag

Irkutsk city coat of arms

Irkutsk city coat of arms

Irkutsk city map, Russia

Irkutsk city map of Russia

Irkutsk history

Irkutsk was founded in 1652. That time it was a small settlement playing the role of gold and fur trade center. The settlement received town status in 1686. Later, in 1760, the Siberian Road connected Irkutsk with the European part of Russia. It was the reason of Irkutsk town further economic growth (Russian trade center with China).

From the beginning of the 19th century, Siberia region in general and Irkutsk town became the place where a lot of Russian officers and nobles were exiled for taking part in Decembrist revolt against the Tsar.

One third of Irkutsk population was from exiled men at the end of the 19th century. That’s why the city became the cultural and educational center of Siberia region.

The electricity came to Irkutsk in 1896, first theater - in 1897, and railway station - in 1898. Irkutsk had the nickname “Siberian Paris” at the beginning of the 20th century. The city was one of the centers of Bolshevik Revolution resistance during the Russian Civil War. The city and surrounding territories were heavily industrialized during the Soviet period.

Irkutsk streets views

Irkutsk street

Irkutsk street

Author: Sergey Bulanov

Irkutsk city view

Irkutsk city view

Author: Sergey Bulanov

Irkutsk city view

Irkutsk city view

Author: Phil Johnson


Irkutsk economics

There is cascade hydro power station in Irkutsk city area built in 1950-1958. The largest industrial enterprise of the city is Irkut company. The company is known for manufacturing Su-30 jet fighters. Irkutsk Aluminium Smelter of Rusal company is also situated in the city.

Irkutsk features

Irkutsk coat of arms features Siberian tiger with a sable in his mouth. The origin of this emblem goes from the Siberia Khanate being the main source of sable fur in the Middle Ages. Also it should be mentioned that English word “sable” is derived from Russian word “sobol”.

The city is an important transportation junction of the region. Trans-Siberian Railway and federal highway to Vladivostok are going through the city. There are two airports in the city: Irkutsk International Airport and Irkutsk Northwest Airport.

Irkutsk is home city for Siberian branch of Academy of Sciences of Russia. There are nine research institutes in Academgorodok suburb of the city.

Irkutsk city of Russia photos

Irkutsk architecture

Irkutsk architecture

Irkutsk architecture

Author: Tsvik Ilya

Irkutsk drugstore

Irkutsk drugstore

Author: Kusov Denis

Irkutsk railway station

Irkutsk railway station

Author: Genadi Giebler


Irkutsk places of interest

Irkutsk wooden houses

Irkutsk wooden houses

Author: Sergey Bulanov

Irkutsk Kolchak monument

Irkutsk Kolchak monument

Author: V.Chokan

Irkutsk Lenin monument

Irkutsk Lenin monument

Author: Serj Kras


Irkutsk attractions

Irkutsk scenery

Irkutsk scenery

Author: Sukhareva Elizaveta

Irkuck cathedral

Irkuck cathedral

Author: Sergey Bulanov

Irkutsk city cathedral

Irkutsk city cathedral

Author: Aleksander Reshetnik


The comments of our visitors

Stephen
Irkutsk
Some very beautiful buildings there

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