Omsk is one of the largest cities in Russia, the capital of the Omsk region. It is a large transport hub located in Siberia, about 2,700 km east from Moscow.
The population of Omsk is about 1,174,000 (2015), the area - 573 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 3812, the postal codes - 644000-644246.
In 1716, a small wooden fort was constructed on the place of the present Omsk. Its only purpose was to protect the eastern borders of the Russian Empire along the Irtysh and the Ishim rivers. At the end of the 18th century, a brick fortress was built on the right bank of the Om River.
Later, during the 19th century, the importance of Omsk as a military frontier diminished and the growth of the town was not significant. In the middle of the 19th century, the famous Russian writer F.M. Dostoevsky was exiled to Omsk.
In 1890, with the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, the town began to grow quickly and received the official status of the capital of Western Siberia and Steppe (present Kazakhstan). In 1910, the Siberian Exposition of Agriculture and Industry was held in Omsk. After the exposition, Omsk received a nickname “Siberian Chicago”.
More Historical Facts…
After the establishment of Soviet power, Novosibirsk was chosen to be the capital of Western Siberia. Omsk lost a lot of its administrative, educational and other functions. During and after the Second World War, the growth of the city continued, when several large industries were evacuated to Omsk from the western parts of the Soviet Union.
After the war, Omsk was one of the most important military centers of the Soviet Union. Also, in 1950, the city became an oil refining center with the development of the Siberian natural gas and oil fields.
Omsk was a “closed city”, no foreigner could visit it without a special permission. The high concentration of military enterprises led to a significant rise in unemployment after the collapse of the Soviet Union and a substantial reduction of the Russian military budget.
Today, Omsk is open to visitors, there are no any restrictions on visiting it.
Omsk is the second largest city in Siberia and the eighth in Russia. It is a large industrial center: light, food, printing, chemical, petrochemical and aerospace industries.
The climate is continental with frosty winters and hot summers. The average temperature in January is minus 16.3 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 19.6 degrees Celsius.
The city is located in the southern part of the West Siberian Plain, in the center of the southern part of the Omsk region, on the banks of the Irtysh River at the confluence with the Om River. The rivers connect the city with a number of coal and other mineral mining cities and towns of Kazakhstan and with oil, natural gas and lumber rich regions of Siberia.
Omsk airport “Tsentralny”, located 5 km southwest of the city center, offers flights to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Surgut, Omsk, Astana (Kazakhstan). It is an important gateway to the Russian regions located in Siberia and the Far East.
The majority of people living in Omsk are Russians (about 89%), that’s why Orthodox Christianity is the most widespread religion in the city. Also it should be mentioned that about 5% of population are Kazakhs and Tatars, so Islam is the second most popular religion.
Omsk City Day, celebrated on the first Sunday of August, is one of the most widely celebrated holidays.
Bogdan Khmelnitsky monument in Omsk
Omsk places of interest
Omsk is a major historical and cultural center of Siberia. There are monuments of world importance: Assumption Cathedral and Omsk fortress. Also there are a lot of other places of interest including a number of churches, historic sites, various monuments, etc.
Among the other major cities of Russia, Omsk stands out for its diverse architecture. The historic center of Omsk has a lot of faces and different architectural ensembles. About 130 monuments of architecture, almost half of all the monuments of Omsk, can be found in the central part. Today, this part of the city is being restored acquiring its historic appearance.
The main architectural monuments of Omsk:
- Omsk fortress (Partizanskaya Street, 5),
- Omsk Cadet Corps (1813) (Lenina Street, 26),
- Cossack Nikolsky Cathedral (1833-1840) (Lenina Street, 27),
- Assumption Cathedral (1891-1898) (Tarskaya Street, 7),
- The Palace of the Governor-General of the Steppe Region (1862) (Lenina Street, 23),
- Holy Cross Cathedral (1870) (Tarskaya Street, 33),
- The ensemble of buildings on Lyubinsky Avenue (1880-1914),
- The building of the City Duma and the City Council (1897, 1905) (Dumskaya Street, 1),
- Omsk Drama Theater (1904) (Lenina Street, 8a),
- Khlebnikov House (1912) (Pochtovaya Street, 27),
- The Fire Tower (1915) (Internatsionalnaya Street, 41),
- The Building of the Omsk Railway (1914-1916),
- Omsk Musical Theater (1981) (10 let Oktyabrya Street, 2).
Museums and theaters…
- Omsk Regional Historical Museum, the oldest museum in Siberia (Lenina Street, 23a),
- Omsk Museum of Fine Arts named after Vrubel (Lenina Street, 23),
- The Literary Museum named after Dostoyevsky (Dostoyevskogo Street, 1),
- The Museum Complex of Military Glory (Taube Street, 7),
- The Municipal Museum “Art of Omsk” (Kuybysheva Street, 48),
- The State Museum of the National Artist of Russia K.P.Belov (Chokana Valikhanova Street, 10),
- The Art Museum “Liberov-Center” (Dumskaya Street, 3),
- Omsk Museum of Theater Arts (Lenina Street, 45).
- Omsk Drama Theater (Lenina Street, 8a),
- Lyceum Drama Theater (Krasnyy Put’ Street, 18b),
- Omsk State Musical Theater (10 let Oktyabrya Street, 2),
- Omsk State Puppet Theater “Arlekin” (Karla Marksa Street, 41a),
- Omsk Theater for Children and Youth (Karla Marksa Street, 4v),
- Omsk State Circus (Karla Marksa Street, 43b),
- Omsk Hall of Organ and Chamber Music (Partizanskaya Street, 2/4),
- Omsk Region Philharmonic (Lenina Street, 27a).