Tuva Republic, Russia (Tyva)

The capital city of Tuva republic: Kyzyl.

Tuva Republic overview

Tuva Republic (also spelled Tyva) is situated in the center of Asia in the south of Eastern Siberia, part of Siberian Federal District. The length of the republic territory from north to south is 420 km, from west to east - 630 km. Capital city of the region is Kyzyl.

Tuva Republic has the population of 311,000 (2012) on the land area of 168,604 sq. km.

Tuva republic flag

Tuva republic flag

Tuva republic coat of arms

Tuva republic coat of arms

Tuva republic anthem

Tuva republic map, Russia

Tuva republic map of Russia

Tuva Republic people

About 97% of Tuva Republic population are Tuvans. Other Tuvans are living in Mongolia and Peoples Republic of China. Tuvans are one of the most ancient peoples living in the Central Asia, they have unique culture. The mixture of cultural roots of ancient Tuvans, Uigurs and Kyrgyzians formed the basis of present-day culture.

Traditional culture of Tuva people is the culture of nomads. Due to their relatively isolated location - railway absence, a lot of mountains surrounding the territory - communities of nomads are still preserved in Tuva. They keep sheep and horses, reindeer-keeping and hunting are preserved in Todzhinsky district as the main activities of the local people.

Traditional religion of the Tuvans - shamanism - has been revived lately. Shaman societies have been formed, their activities are officially held. Shamanism goes along with Lamaism. In September 1992, Dalai-lama the 14th, who is the spiritual head of the Buddhists of Tuva, visited the republic for three days.

Tuva Republic nature

Tuva republic landscape

Tuva republic landscape

Author: Sveshnikov Alexander

Tuva nature

Tuva nature

Author: Dmitry Antipov

Tuva region nature

Tuva region nature

Author: Andrey Kireyev


Tuva Republic history

In 1207, Tuva region was conquered by Gengis-Khan and came under Yuan dynasty. Mongol feudal system prevented Tuvan culture from further development. In the 18th century, Tuva territory was conquered by Manchy Empire. In 1914, Tuva became a Russian protectorate.

In 1921, the All Tuvan Gathering proclaimed the first sovereign Tighten Republic. In 1944, the Tighten National Republic made the decision to join the Soviet Union. The region became an autonomous province of the Russian Federation. In 1961, the autonomous province received the status of Tuvan Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic.

In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the sovereign Tuva Republic within the Russian Federation was founded.

Tuva Republic economics

Tuva Republic is an industrial and agricultural region, rich in different minerals.

There are 3 main economic regions: Central - the most inhabited part of Tuva republic with industrial centers (Kyzyl, Ak-Dovurak, Chadan), important region of grain-growing and stock-breeding; Southern - the region of stock-breeding; North-Eastern - the region of timber cutting, hunting, deer-farming and fishing.

The republic is divided into 16 districts, 1 town of republican submission, 4 towns of district submission, 3 town settlements, 94 villages.

Tuva region pictures

Tuva region scenery

Tuva region scenery

Author: Vasilevskiy Evgeniy

Tuva region view

Tuva region view

Author: Maksimov Eugene

Tuva Russia view

Tuva Russia view

Author: Sergey Smirnov


Tuva Republic features

Worldwide known is the Tuva throat singing which became an unofficial symbol of the republic. Among the other symbols there are stone-cutting art, traditional horse races, khuresh wrestling.

Tuva Republic archaeology became extremely popular. Bronze rolled up panther found while excavating the hill Arzhaan-1, the 8th century B.C., became the symbol of ancient Tuva.

In 2001, the hill Arzhaan-2 was excavated and a rich collection was found which was called the first archaeological sensation of the 21st century.

Tuva is located in the very middle of Asia, due to this fact an obelisk “The Center of Asia” was erected in the capital city of the region.

Tuva republic of Russia photos

Tuva Republic views

Tuva republic fish

Tuva republic fish

Author: Sergej Hramov

Tuva republic view

Tuva republic view

Author: Sergej Hramov

Tyva scenery

Tyva scenery

Author: Kulakov Andrey


Tuva Republic scenery

Tuva republic lake

Tuva republic lake

Author: Karachev Aleksey

Tuva village

Tuva village

Author: Sergey Bulanov

Tyva road

Tyva road

Author: Vasilevskiy Evgeniy


The comments of our visitors

John Barr
Archaeology
Just read an article about the Por-Bajin Cultural Foundation and the site of the Uighurs thought to be a fortress in the mountain lake. I wanted to see where the Tuva Republic is located so, I found this web site. All quite interesting. Good web page. Thank you,

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