Tuva Republic overview
Tuva Republic (also spelled Tyva) is situated in the center of Asia in the south of Eastern Siberia, part of Siberian Federal District. The length of the republic territory from north to south is 420 km, from west to east - 630 km. Capital city of the region is Kyzyl.
Tuva Republic has the population of 311,000 (2012) on the land area of 168,604 sq. km.
Tuva Republic people
About 97% of Tuva Republic population are Tuvans. Other Tuvans are living in Mongolia and Peoples Republic of China. Tuvans are one of the most ancient peoples living in the Central Asia, they have unique culture. The mixture of cultural roots of ancient Tuvans, Uigurs and Kyrgyzians formed the basis of present-day culture.
Traditional culture of Tuva people is the culture of nomads. Due to their relatively isolated location - railway absence, a lot of mountains surrounding the territory - communities of nomads are still preserved in Tuva. They keep sheep and horses, reindeer-keeping and hunting are preserved in Todzhinsky district as the main activities of the local people.
Traditional religion of the Tuvans - shamanism - has been revived lately. Shaman societies have been formed, their activities are officially held. Shamanism goes along with Lamaism. In September 1992, Dalai-lama the 14th, who is the spiritual head of the Buddhists of Tuva, visited the republic for three days.
Tuva Republic nature
Tuva Republic history
In 1207, Tuva region was conquered by Gengis-Khan and came under Yuan dynasty. Mongol feudal system prevented Tuvan culture from further development. In the 18th century, Tuva territory was conquered by Manchy Empire. In 1914, Tuva became a Russian protectorate.
In 1921, the All Tuvan Gathering proclaimed the first sovereign Tighten Republic. In 1944, the Tighten National Republic made the decision to join the Soviet Union. The region became an autonomous province of the Russian Federation. In 1961, the autonomous province received the status of Tuvan Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic.
In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the sovereign Tuva Republic within the Russian Federation was founded.
Tuva Republic economics
Tuva Republic is an industrial and agricultural region, rich in different minerals.
There are 3 main economic regions: Central - the most inhabited part of Tuva republic with industrial centers (Kyzyl, Ak-Dovurak, Chadan), important region of grain-growing and stock-breeding; Southern - the region of stock-breeding; North-Eastern - the region of timber cutting, hunting, deer-farming and fishing.
The republic is divided into 16 districts, 1 town of republican submission, 4 towns of district submission, 3 town settlements, 94 villages.
Tuva region pictures
Tuva Republic features
Worldwide known is the Tuva throat singing which became an unofficial symbol of the republic. Among the other symbols there are stone-cutting art, traditional horse races, khuresh wrestling.
Tuva Republic archaeology became extremely popular. Bronze rolled up panther found while excavating the hill Arzhaan-1, the 8th century B.C., became the symbol of ancient Tuva.
In 2001, the hill Arzhaan-2 was excavated and a rich collection was found which was called the first archaeological sensation of the 21st century.
Tuva is located in the very middle of Asia, due to this fact an obelisk “The Center of Asia” was erected in the capital city of the region.