Kemerovo region overview
Kemerovo oblast (region) (other spelling Kemerovskaya; the region is also called Kuzbass) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation located in the southern part of Western Siberia, part of Siberian Federal District. Administrative center of the region is Kemerovo.
Kemerovo region has the population of 2,743,000 (2012); land area - 95,725 sq. km.
Kemerovo region features
The climate of Kemerovo region is of continental type: long cold winters and warm short summers. The average temperature in January is 17-20 degrees Celsius below zero, in July - 17-18 degrees C above zero.
The region is the most densely populated part of Siberia. Russians make up over 90% of the population. There are small nations Shorts, Teleuts, Kalmyks which have preserved their cultural traditions.
In the region, there is a reserve Kuznetsky Alatau and Shorsky National Park.
Kemerovo region nature
Kemerovo region nature view
Kemerovo region history
The ingenious peoples of the region are Shorts and Teleuts. In 1618, Russians began inhabiting the territory of present Kemerovo region and Kuznetsky stockaded town was founded. In 1721, Mihailo Volkov found the first coal deposit in the area of Kemerovo. In the early 20th century, the coal and metallurgical plants were founded.
In 1943, Kuzbass was separated from Novosibirskaya oblast and Kemerovskaya oblast was formed on its territory.
Today, about 70% of Kemerovo region population is living in nine major cities making Kemerovo one of the most urbanized regions of Russia.
Kemerovo region economics
The largest cities and towns of the region are Novokuznetsk (620,000), Kemerovo (536,000), Prokopievsk (213,000), Leninsk-Kuznetsky (105,000), Kisilyovsk (104,000), Mezhdurechensk (104,000).
Kemerovo region plays significant role in Russian industry. The deposits of coal are one of the world’s largest (Kuzbass - Kuznetsk coal-field). Also there are deposits of iron and complex ores, gold, phosphorites and other mineral resources.
Coal industry is developed in the region, the most important centers are Prokopyevsk, Mezhdurechensk, Belovo, Kemerovo, Novokuznetsk, Osinniki, Leninsk-Kuznetsky. The mines are located almost everywhere in the region.
In the south, metallurgy and mining industries are developed (Novokuznetsk, Tashtagol). There is also machine-building industry (Yurga) and chemical industry (Kemerovo). Railway transportation is well developed.
Kemerovskaya oblast has 2 coal basins. Most part of the territory is occupied by Kuznetsky coal basin. About 150 billion tons of coal is mined annually.
Main industries of Kemerovo region (southern part) are chemical production, mechanical engineering, metallurgy and mining. Northern part of the region is more agricultural.
The railway system of the region is highly developed. Trans-Siberian railway, South-Kuzbas branch of West Siberian railway crosses the region. There are international airports - Kemerovo and Novokuznetsk-Spichenkovo.