Kyzyl is a city in Russia, the capital of Tuva Republic, an industrial, transport, scientific, business, and cultural center of the region. The city is located in Tuvinskaya hollow, where two rivers flow together - the Bolshoi Yenisei and the Maly Yenisei, thus forming the Verhni (Upper) Yenisei, 390 km from Minusinsk railway station, 4,660 km east of Moscow.
The population of Kyzyl is about 114,000 (2015), the area - 97 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 39422, the postal codes - 667000-667011.
Kyzyl was founded by Russian colonists in 1914, right after the former Uryanhov krai became part of the Russian Empire. The new settlement was named Belotsarsk (“white tsar town”). In 1918, because of the revolutionary events and anti-monarchist movement, the town was renamed Hem-Beldir.
In 1919, Kyzyl was severely damaged by fire. In 1926, the town received its current name Kyzyl (meaning “red” in the language of the native people of the Tuva region).
From 1921, it was the capital of Tuva People Republic, from 1944 - of Tuva autonomous oblast, from 1961 - of Tuva Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, and from 1991 - of Tuva Republic.
Drama Theater on the central square of Kyzyl
The geographical center of Asia is located 20 km east of Kyzyl. The city has a Consulate General of Mongolia. About 60% of the population are Tuvinians, about 37% are Russians.
The climate is dry, sharply continental. The average temperature in January is minus 28.6 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 20.4 degrees Celsius.
The coat of arms of Kyzyl is a traditional heraldic shield of red color with an image of a yak (a long-wooled bull) and the sun. The yak symbolizes the traditional Tuvan commitment to cattle breeding, which occupies an important place in the life of the republic. The image of the sun resembling a yurt expresses the idea of the origin of life, the guardian of the hearth. The rays of the sun represent the peaceful unification of the multinational peoples of the city and the republic.
Kyzyl is a major transportation hub of the region. The city is connected by regular bus service, river and air communication with all populated areas. The federal highway R257 “Yenisei” connects Kyzyl with Abakan and Mongolia.
“Kyzyl” airport is located in the southern part of the city. The airport provides regular flights to Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk.
Government of the Republic of Tuva
Kyzyl places of interest
There are Buddhist churches “Tsechenling”, “Tuvdan Choihorling”, an Orthodox church of Holy Trinity. Near the obelisk “The Center of Asia”, there is a Shaman church “Tos deair”. It can be called a Shaman center as there one can learn about the strongest shamans of the Tuva region.
The obelisk “The Center of Asia” is erected on the embankment, where the Bolshoi and the Maly Yenisei flow together.
The National Museum named after Aldan Maadyr (60 warriors) has a rich collection of archaeological finds. In 2008, the museum received a new building, which is one of the most interesting buildings in the city. This is the main repository of historical and cultural monuments of Tuva (Titov Street, 30).
The Museum of Political Repression. The museum is housed in a historic building used as an office of the NKVD (the Soviet secret police) in 1930. Here you can find unique photographs, documents, newspaper articles, biographies, lists of the repressed in Tuva in 1930s-1960s (Komsomolskaya Street, 5).
The Museum of Nadia Rusheva. Nadia Rusheva is a talented artist, whose name is forever in the history of Russian art. Her mother, Natalia Doydalovna Azhikmaa was one of the first local ballet dancers (Lenin Street, 7).
- The Music and Drama Theater named after Kok-ool with a Tuvan troupe (Lenin Street, 35),
- Tuvan State Puppet Theater, the first professional puppet theater in Tuva opened in 2013 (Druzhba Street, 170),
- The Theater for Young People (Schetinkin-Kravchenko Street, 46),
- The Dance Theater “Edegey” (Schetinkin-Kravchenko Street, 4),
- Tuva State Philharmonic (Schetinkin-Kravchenko Street, 58).