Kyzyl (also spelled Kyzil) is a city in Russia, the capital of Tuva Republic. The city is located in Tuvinskaya hollow where two rivers flow together - the Bolshoi Yenisey and the Maly Yenisey, thus forming the Verhni (Upper) Yenisey, 390 km from Minusinsk railway station.
Kyzyl population is about 110,000 (2012).
The phone code is +7 39422. Postal codes are 667000-667011.
Kyzyl was founded as a settlement in 1914 by the Russian colonists right after the former Uryanhov krai became a part of Russia. The settlement was named Belotsarsk. In 1918, due to Revolution and anti-monarch movement, the town was renamed Hem-Beldir, and in 1926 - Kyzyl (meaning “red” from Tuva region native people language).
In 1919, Kyzyl was heavily destroyed by a fire. In 1920, after the Bolsheviks won in Siberia, it was decided to rename Belotsarsk into “A town of Krasny” (red). From 1922, it was called Krasny.
From 1921, the city was the capital of Tuva People Republic, from 1944 - of Tuva autonomous oblast of the Russian Federation, from 1961 - of Tuva Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, and since 1991 - of Tuva Republic.
Kyzyl is connected with all the settlements and the second largest city in the region Ak-Dovurak by means of regular bus transportation, waterways and by air as well as the highway A-162 stretching throughout the republic.
Federal highway M-54 (“Yenisey”) connects Kyzyl with Abakan. From the airport there are flights Novosibirsk (Tolmachovo) - Abakan - Kyzyl, Kyzyl - Krasnoyarsk (Yemelyanovo).
There is General consulate of Mongolia in the city. There is Aldan Maadyr Republican museum of local study, possessing a richest collection of archaeological findings in the city.
In 2008, National Museum of Tuva Republic was built (between streets Buhtuyev - Titov and Lenin - Kochetov), it’s one of the most important sights in the city.
Also there is a museum of political repressions and Nadya Rusheva museum, Kokoola theater of music and drama housing two groups - of Russian and Tuva actors.
There are Buddhist churches “Tsechenling”, “Tuvdan Choihorling”, an Orthodox church of Holy Trinity. Near the obelisk “Center of Asia” there is a Shaman church “Tos deair”. It can be called a Shaman center as there one can learn about the strongest shamans of Tuva.
An educational leading institution of the region - Tuva State University - is situated in Kyzyl.
The geographical center of Asia is located in the city. The obelisk “Center of Asia” is erected on the embankment where the Bolshoi and the Maly Yenisey flow together and this is a place of interest.
It is from here that Kyzyl school graduates and young couples start their grown up lives.