Kyzyl city, Russia

The capital city of Tuva republic.

Kyzyl overview

Kyzyl is a city in Russia, the capital of Tuva Republic, an industrial, transport, scientific, business, and cultural center of the region. The city is located in Tuvinskaya hollow, where two rivers flow together - the Bolshoi Yenisei and the Maly Yenisei, thus forming the Verhni (Upper) Yenisei, 390 km from Minusinsk railway station, 4,660 km east of Moscow.

The population of Kyzyl is about 114,000 (2015), the area - 97 sq. km.

The phone code - +7 39422, the postal codes - 667000-667011.

Kyzyl city flag

Kyzyl city flag

Kyzyl city coat of arms

Kyzyl city coat of arms

Kyzyl city map, Russia

Kyzyl city map of Russia

Kyzyl history

Kyzyl was founded by Russian colonists in 1914, right after the former Uryanhov krai became part of the Russian Empire. The new settlement was named Belotsarsk (“white tsar town”). In 1918, because of the revolutionary events and anti-monarchist movement, the town was renamed Hem-Beldir.

In 1919, Kyzyl was severely damaged by fire. In 1926, the town received its current name Kyzyl (meaning “red” in the language of the native people of the Tuva region).

From 1921, it was the capital of Tuva People Republic, from 1944 - of Tuva autonomous oblast, from 1961 - of Tuva Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, and from 1991 - of Tuva Republic.

Kyzyl views

General view of Kyzyl

General view of Kyzyl

Author: Roman Petruschin

Kyzyl street view

Kyzyl street view

Author: Konstantin Nikishin

Drama Theater on the central square of Kyzyl

Drama Theater on the central square of Kyzyl

Author: Ivan Denisov


Kyzyl features

The geographical center of Asia is located 20 km east of Kyzyl. The city has a Consulate General of Mongolia. About 60% of the population are Tuvinians, about 37% are Russians.

The climate is dry, sharply continental. The average temperature in January is minus 28.6 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 20.4 degrees Celsius.

The coat of arms of Kyzyl is a traditional heraldic shield of red color with an image of a yak (a long-wooled bull) and the sun. The yak symbolizes the traditional Tuvan commitment to cattle breeding, which occupies an important place in the life of the republic. The image of the sun resembling a yurt expresses the idea of the origin of life, the guardian of the hearth. The rays of the sun represent the peaceful unification of the multinational peoples of the city and the republic.

Kyzyl is a major transportation hub of the region. The city is connected by regular bus service, river and air communication with all populated areas. The federal highway R257 “Yenisei” connects Kyzyl with Abakan and Mongolia.

“Kyzyl” airport is located in the southern part of the city. The airport provides regular flights to Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk.

Kyzyl places

Government of the Republic of Tuva

Government of the Republic of Tuva

Author: Konstantin Nikishin

Kyzyl post office

Kyzyl post office

Author: Konstantin Nikishin

Kyzyl Hotel

Kyzyl Hotel

Author: Konstantin Nikishin


Kyzyl places of interest

There are Buddhist churches “Tsechenling”, “Tuvdan Choihorling”, an Orthodox church of Holy Trinity. Near the obelisk “The Center of Asia”, there is a Shaman church “Tos deair”. It can be called a Shaman center as there one can learn about the strongest shamans of the Tuva region.

The obelisk “The Center of Asia” is erected on the embankment, where the Bolshoi and the Maly Yenisei flow together.

Kyzyl museums

The National Museum named after Aldan Maadyr (60 warriors) has a rich collection of archaeological finds. In 2008, the museum received a new building, which is one of the most interesting buildings in the city. This is the main repository of historical and cultural monuments of Tuva (Titov Street, 30).

The Museum of Political Repression. The museum is housed in a historic building used as an office of the NKVD (the Soviet secret police) in 1930. Here you can find unique photographs, documents, newspaper articles, biographies, lists of the repressed in Tuva in 1930s-1960s (Komsomolskaya Street, 5).

The Museum of Nadia Rusheva. Nadia Rusheva is a talented artist, whose name is forever in the history of Russian art. Her mother, Natalia Doydalovna Azhikmaa was one of the first local ballet dancers (Lenin Street, 7).

Kyzyl theaters

  • The Music and Drama Theater named after Kok-ool with a Tuvan troupe (Lenin Street, 35),
  • Tuvan State Puppet Theater, the first professional puppet theater in Tuva opened in 2013 (Druzhba Street, 170),
  • The Theater for Young People (Schetinkin-Kravchenko Street, 46),
  • The Dance Theater “Edegey” (Schetinkin-Kravchenko Street, 4),
  • Tuva State Philharmonic (Schetinkin-Kravchenko Street, 58).

Kyzyl city of Russia photos

Kyzyl sights

Kyzyl entrance sign

Kyzyl entrance sign

Author: Konstantin Nikishin

Kadarchy monument in Kyzyl

Kadarchy monument in Kyzyl

Author: Igor Sheludko

National Museum of Tuva Republic

National Museum of Tuva Republic

Author: Konstantin Nikishin


Explore Kyzyl streets yourself - the central square of the city


The questions of our visitors

Raymond Geoghegan asks: Is there an airport in Kyzyl? If so how long are the runways?
Expert's answer:
There is an airport in Kyzyl offering regular flights to Krasnoyarsk and Novosibirsk. There are two concrete runaways: 2700x45 meters and 1200x30 meters.
bob asks: Is there a mall in Kyzyl?
Expert's answer:
The following list of malls located in Kyzyl will probably be useful.
nicholas asks: How many rubles will a house cost in Kyzyl?
Expert's answer:
The average price of a house in Kyzyl is in the range of about 2,000,000-3,000,000 Rubles.

The comments of our visitors

Brian
Ham Radio in Tuva
I read the comments of Pat, AA6EG, with great interest. I would like to make contact with a ham radio station in Tuva. If any ham radio operators read this post, please contact me to arrange a sked. Thanks and best wishes for the new year!

Pat Barthelow
Kyzyl Tuva / Richard Feynman

I first learned about Tuva through Ralph Leighton's Book, Tuva or Bust! About Nobel Prize Scientist Richard Feynman's quest to go to Kyzyl. Fascinating story. That developed into some ham radio contacts with one of the two or three ham radio operators in Kyzyl. I am a ham radio operator, Call Sign AA6EG. And..... Meeting and seeing Kongar - Ool Ondar perform Hoomei. Sigit, Khargraa, I also saw Hun - Huur tu perform.

Kyzyl, seems to be one of the most remote cities on the Planet. I wonder if internet is easy to access there, economical, and if it is used a lot by local citizens? Has the internet changed Kyzyl Culture, lifestyles? Happy New Year, 2012!

Expert's reply:
The prices are very high and the speed is very low (for example 25 USD per month for 250 Kb access). So I doubt there are serious changes in lifestyle of people, may be except the young ones, they are probably most interested in communicating in social networks.

Jim
Photos
Having had an interest in Tuva for most of my life(77 years) I found this site to be extremely interesting. The photographs especially. Geography is my favorite subject and fortunately the internet provides an opportunity to explore these far-away places.

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