Abakan is a city in Russia, the capital of Khakassia Republic, standing on rivers Abakan and Yenisei, located about 4200 km to the east of Moscow and 406 km to the south of Krasnoyarsk. The city has continental climate, to minus 47 degrees Celsius in winter, and up to plus 40 degrees Celsius in summer.
Abakan population - 167,000 (2012). Land area the city occupies is 112 sq. km.
Phone code of the city - +7 3902. Postal codes are 655000-655018.
Near the river Abakan, there were settlements since the Bronze Age, in the 1st century B.C. the so called “palace of Li Lin” was built. In 1780, there appeared a village Ust-Abakanskoye, which in the 19th century became the center of Kachin Steppe Duma - the institution of Khakass self-government.
In 1925, the settlement was renamed to Khakassk. In 1929, a new part of the town was built which later was united with Ust-Abakanskoye. In 1931, the town received its current name - Abakan.
Since 1930, the town was the center of Khakass autonomous region and since August 1990 - of Khakass Autonomous Republic, since 1991 - of Khakass Soviet Socialist Republic, since 1992 - of the Republic of Khakassia.
Abakan polytechnic college
Abakan is a cultural center of Khakassia region. There is the museum of local study, an exhibition hall in the city. Among the theaters of Abakan are two drama theaters, Khakass national puppet theater “Fairytale”.
The city industry includes mechanical, container, repairing, meat producing, sweet-making, brewing, cheese-making, furniture-, shoe-making factories.
Abakan is connected by railway with Moscow, Krasnoyarsk, Achinsk, Novokuznetsk, Tayshet. On the Yenisei River, where it is crossed by railway, there is a big Abakan river port. The federal highway M54 from Krasnoyarsk to Tuva Republic and to the frontier goes through Abakan. There is an airport “Abakan” in the city.
There are interesting monuments and places of interest in Abakan. The statue named “Lora” was erected in October 2006 to honor the people who fought the accident at Chernobyl nuclear power station. There is Saint-Nickolas church, Transformation church, a copy of Eiffel Tower, architectural park, a zoo.
Gardens, parks and boulevards occupy a large part of Abakan. The most prominent parks are “Komsomol”, “Transformation”, “Orlyonok”, “Chernogorsky” and “Pushkin”. The central part of Abakan has the buildings of 30-50s of the 20th century.