Gorno-Altaisk (other spelling Gorno-Altaysk) is an administrative center of Altay Republic of Russia. The city is situated in the northwestern part of republic about 3,600 km from Moscow.
Gorno-Altaisk population is about 56,000 (2012), land area - 95 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 38822, postal codes are 649000-649007.
In 1830, the first Russian Orthodox missionaries arrived in Mayma valley. They found the small settlement called Ulala there. In 1831, Ulala village was chosen to be the center of Orthodox mission in the Altai region of the Russian Empire.
In 1922, Oirot autonomous oblast of the USSR was created with capital in Ulala. In 1928, the village received town status. In 1932, the name of the town was changed to Oirot-Tura. In 1948, the region was renamed to Gorno-Altai autonomous oblast, so its capital city received the same name - Gorno-Altaisk.
Gorno-Altaisk is the only city of the region. The city lies in Mayma valley, Altai mountains foothills.
There are an airport, regional museum, theater and university in Gorno-Altaisk. The nearest railway station is situated about 96 km away in Biysk.