Kemerovo is an administrative center and capital of Kemerovo oblast of Russia. Kemerovo is an important industrial center of Russia standing on the Tom’ River about 3,500 km east of Moscow. There is an airport in the city.
Kemerovo has the population of 536,000 (2012), land area - 282 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 3842, postal codes are 650000-650907.
Kemerovo official foundation date is 1918. But it should be mentioned that large coal deposits were discovered in the area in 1721 and seven villages (Borovaya, Davydovo, Kemerovo, Krasny Yar, Kur-Iskitim, Shcheglovka, Yevseyevo) were situated on the present Kemerovo territory by 1859.
In 1907, first coal mines were constructed. Later, in 1916, chemical works were established. The population of Shcheglovka village was about 4,000 by 1917. Further quick developing of the village was the result of the construction of railway connecting Yurga and Kulchugino settlements going through Shcheglovka village.
In 1918, Shcheglovka village received town status and Kemerovo village became the part of it. In 1932, the town received new name - Kemerovo. The town became Kemerovo region capital in 1943. During the Soviet times, Kemerovo developed into major industrial center of Siberia with chemical and manufacturing industries.
There are over 100 large and small plants in Kemerovo producing about 95% of the total output of the city. Chemical industry is developed as well as power engineering, machine-building, ferrous metallurgy, light, food and processing industries. Chemical industry is the leading one in the city, it produces almost 20% of all the output, every third citizen works in the industry.
The plants of Kemerovo produce coke, mineral fertilizers, cloth, clothes, shoes, food and a lot of other products. In some types of products the plants of Kemerovo have the leading position not only in the region but also in the Russian Federation.
Further development of chemical industry and ferrous metallurgy is linked with reconstruction and upgrading, building new capacities, fulfilling the projects aimed at improving the environmental situation in the city and reducing the air pollution. The plants of food and processing industries are rapidly developing.
Kemerovo features, attractions
In the city of Kemerovo the coal industry plants are in action for over 100 years. The name “Kemerovo” might probably have derived from Turkish “kemer” - a mountain slope, a bank, a ravine, a hill, a mountain. On October 16th, 2006, Kuznetsky bridge was put into action in Kemerovo - one of the widest bridges (40,5 m) in Siberia.
The museums of Kemerovo:
- Regional museum of local study;
- Museum “Archaeology, ethnography and ecology of Siberia” at Kemerovo State University;
- Regional arts museum;
- Museum-reserve “Krasnaya Gorka” is the youngest in Kemerovo and fastest growing too. It was formed for preserving the historical center of the city - district of Krasnaya Gorka. Historical and architectural monuments built in the early 20th century are the center of the museum. The river bank is a part of the museum, it is a unique natural object reflecting the geological history of Kuznetsk land. In 2003, the monument to “Memory of perished miners of Kuzbass” was erected there.
- Not far from Kemerovo there is the brightest place of interest in the regional center and the favorite recreation spot - the unique museum-reserve of primitive rock painting “Tomskaya pisanitsa”.