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CAT | History

May 1 is a holiday in many countries around the world and is known as Labor and Spring Day in present Russia. In the USSR it was celebrated as International Workers Day.

May 1, 1886, socialist, communist and anarchist organizations in the U.S. and Canada staged a series of rallies and demonstrations. May 4, 1886, six people were killed when the police broke up one of these demonstrations in Chicago.

May 1 - Soviet propaganda poster 1

If you have worked well – you will have good rest

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August 19, 1963 – the first cosmonauts of the world: Yuri Gagarin, Alexei Leonov, Boris Volynov, Victor Gorbatko.

The first Soviet cosmonauts picnic, photo 1

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Currently this place is known as the All-Russian Exhibition Centre – exhibition complex in the northeast region of Moscow, the second largest exhibition center in Moscow. In Soviet times, this complex was known as the Exhibition of Achievements of National Economy of the USSR.

Since 1967, the latest models of Soviet space technology were exhibited in a special pavilion “Space”. It was the pride of Soviet science and technology. These pictures were taken by Rob Ketcherside in 1969 at the peak of interest in space travel. The photos were originally published in sovietdetstvo

Pavilion Space - Exhibition of Soviet Achievements, Moscow, Russia photo 1

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Konstantin Egorovich Makovsky (1839-1915) is a Russian artist. Many of his historical paintings show an idealized view of life in Russia in the past centuries.

The portrait genre took special place in the artist’s works. Largely thanks to it he achieved success by becoming a fashionable artist of his time.

His paintings are known for beautifully painted furnishings, clothes, expensive fabrics and furs. The artist tried to show portrayed in the most favorable light, while adhering to the exact similarity.

Russian beauty, Konstantin Makovsky painting 1

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Feb/13

26

Soviet movie posters in 1920ies

Soviet moviegoer in the 1920ies, during the NEP (the New Economic Policy), was able to watch a lot of not only Soviet, but also foreign films. As a rule, it was purely entertaining films, ideological films were not the biggest part of all the films, as it became later.

The movie posters of these years are of great interest. It was a continuous celebration of avant-gardism, endless experiment with colors, shapes, images. This flashy language of bright colors was coming into collision with the black-and-white world of the silver screen. Pictures by visualhistory

The Battleship Potemkin

Soviet movie posters in 1920ies 1

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Armed coup, organized by the Bolsheviks in the autumn 1917, that marked the beginning of Soviet power is most commonly associated with St. Petersburg (then called Petrograd).

However, not everyone knows that Moscow was the place of long and heavy fighting in those days. The Bolsheviks fired at the Kremlin and many central buildings, real battles were fought in the streets, hundreds of people were killed.

Moscow destroyed by the Bolsheviks, autumn 1917, photo 1

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Feb/13

11

Women’s fashion in the USSR in 1957

Immediately after the October Revolution, the Soviet government took control of the fashion. In general, the changes occurred mostly in women’s fashion. Clothing was unpretentious, simpler than in the days of the Russian Empire. The woman was to look like as a citizen (“tovarisch”), who can “build” socialism.

However, during the Khrushchev thaw (late 1950s – 1960s), due to more openness in Soviet society, the western style in fashion began to spread. This catalog, published by Leningrad fashion house (Saint Petersburg today) in 1957, gives an idea of this time. Pictures by visualhistory

Women's fashion in the USSR in 1957 picture 1

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The pioneer camps in the USSR were educational and health institutions for pioneers of the Soviet Union Pioneer Organization named after Lenin and schoolchildren (7 to 15 years) organized usually during the school holidays by trade unions, the Communist Youth League, economic organizations, collective farms, and so on.

About 40,000 suburban pioneer camps for 10 million children were open in the USSR. The following unique photos were collected in pioneer camps that had been abandoned after the collapse of the USSR by Denis Spirin

The pioneer camps, the USSR, 1960-1970, photo 1

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There is a widespread belief that Stalin’s Soviet Union was a country almost completely closed to foreigners. However, advertising of “Intourist” (organization responsible for foreign tourism in the USSR) created in 1930ies, gives somewhat different look at the issue.

The country was in desperate need of foreign currency for industrialization, so all the ways to lure wealthy foreign tourists to the USSR were used. And it was not just about the major cities – Moscow and Leningrad.

Stalin's Soviet Union posters luring foreign tourists 1

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Jan/13

10

Athletic parade in Stalingrad in May 1945

In the archives of Russia there are a lot of unique photographs. There are high-quality color photographs of the USSR before and during the Second World War.

For example, here are the photos of athletic parade in Stalingrad in May 1945 (author – Mark Redkin). The Battle of Stalingrad is considered the largest land battle of the Second World War and the key battle on the Eastern Front.

Athletic parade, Stalingrad, USSR, May 1945 photo 1

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