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Kuban Cossacks performing in the streets of Krasnodar

Kuban Cossacks (Kuban Cossack Army) is a part of Russian Cossacks of the North Caucasus, living on the territory of present Krasnodar krai, Stavropol krai, as well as the Republic of Adygeya and Karachay-Cherkessia. The military headquarters is located in Krasnodar (former Ekaterinodar).

Historically Kuban Cossacks were free militarized agricultural population. At the head of the Kuban Cossack Army was the chieftain (ataman), who was the military chief of the division and also the governor.

Cossack communities carried out various duties: military service, maintaining of postal stations, escorting prisoners, guard duty, etc. On the eve of 1914, Kuban Cossack Army numbered about 1.3 million of the Cossacks.

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