Tolyatti is the second largest city in the Samara region of Russia, located in the middle reaches of the Volga River, on its left bank. It is a major center of automotive and chemical industries, as well as rail, river and road transport, the largest city in the country which is not a regional capital.
The population of Tolyatti is about 712,600 (2015), the area - 315 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 8482, the postal codes - 445000-445092.
The town was founded by Vasily Tatishev as a fortress called Stavropol to protect the territory of the Russian Empire from nomad raids in 1737. During the 19th century the town’s population hardly grew, and was about 6 thousand people.
By the 1950s, there were only about 12,000 people in the town. When Zhigulyovskaya hydro power station and Kyubyshev water reservoir were constructed, almost the whole town was moved to a new location.
In 1964, the city was renamed in honor of the General Secretary of the Italian Communist Party Palmiro Togliatti. In 1966, together with the Italian automaker FIAT, construction of the Volga Automobile Plant (VAZ), the largest in the USSR, began. In 1964-1970, the population of the city doubled. According to 1970 census, 251,000 people lived in Tolyatti.
Svobody (Liberty) Square in Tolyatti
Apartment buildings in Tolyatti
City Day is celebrated on the first summer weekend. Tolyatti stretches for 30 km along the Volga River, and consists of three districts: Avtozavodsky, Central and Komsomolsky. Tolyatti is often called the “green city” because of the large number of green plantations and forests.
The climate is temperate continental with hot summers and cold winters. However, it is considerably mitigated by the Kuibyshev Reservoir. The average temperature in January is minus 10,6 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 20.9 degrees Celsius.
Tolyatti is a large industrial and economic center of Russia. “AvtoVAZ” is the main enterprise of the city. Also there is an automobile plant of “GM-AvtoVAZ” company and a lot of plants producing various parts for cars. Chemical industry is well developed in the city - “TolyattiAzot”, the largest in the world ammonia producer, is located here. The plant supplies its products through a unique ammonia pipeline “Tolyatti-Odessa”.
The federal highway M-5 “Ural” passes through the city connecting the central regions of the European part of Russia with its eastern parts: the Volga region, Urals, Siberia, and the Far East. The distance from Tolyatti to Samara is 90 km, to Moscow - 991 km. Transit trains don’t pass through the city. Only two trains are available: to Moscow and Saratov.
Russian ufologists consider Tolyatti to be one of the most anomalous places in Russia. The number of unexplained facts registered in the city is dozens times higher than the average level in the country.
Monument to Saint Nicholas in Tolyatti
In a residential district of Tolyatti
Shopping center in Tolyatti
There are more than 160 historical and cultural monuments in Tolyatti - the city-building monuments and memorial boards. The monuments of city-building are represented by separate objects as well as whole complexes. These are the buildings preserved from the old flooded town and moved to the new city as well as those built in the 1950s.
Nearly half of all monuments can be found in the Central district. On Svobody (Freedom) Square there is a memorial with the Eternal Fire and the Glory Obelisk in memory of the locals perished during the Second World War.
Varvarinskaya Church, built in 1846 in the settlement of Fyodorovka, is of cultural and historical importance. The monumental and decorative composition “Prometheus” on the building of the House of Culture “Tolyatti” is among the most interesting sights (Lenina Boulevard, 1).
In recent years, a number of new monuments appeared in the city: to V.N.Tatishev, the founder of the town, the sculpture “Sorrowful Angel” - to the victims of political repressions, the sculpture to Nikolai Chodotvorets (Saint Nicholas), the dog sculpture “Verny” and a lot of others.
Tolyatti theaters and other cultural institutions
- Puppet Theater “Pilgrim” (Svobody Square, 2),
- Dramatic theater “Koleso” (Leningradskaya Street, 31),
- Theater “Dilizhans” (Stepana Razina Avenue, 93),
- Youth Drama Theater (Lizy Chaykinoy Street, 65),
- Tolyatti Philharmonic (Pobedy Street, 42).
Tolyatti State University
Tolyatti museums, galleries and exhibition halls
- Tolyatti Museum of Local Lore and Art Museum (Lenina Boulevard, 22),
- Museum of Historical and Cultural Heritage of Tolyatti (Karla Marksa Street, 27a),
- “Heritage” museum complex (Sovetskaya Street, 38),
- Museum of Technical Equipment of AvtoVAZ (Yuzhnoye Highway, 137),
- Museum of Moonshining (Komzina Street, 10),
- Art Gallery (Stepana Razina Avenue, 93),
- Culture and Exhibition Center “Kaleidoscope” (Koroleva Boulevard, 20),
- Exhibition Hall “Cube” (Zhilina Street, 44),
- Art Gallery “The House of Nine” (Mira Street, 68).
Tolyatti is a city of festivals. Every year it hosts up to a dozen different festivals of the most diverse areas. Some of the most famous ones are:
- Festival “Planet Cinema”,
- Festival “Drums of the World”,
- Jazz Festival named after Oleg Lundstrem,
- Festival of electronic music and extreme sports “GES”,
- Festival of oriental and ethnic dances “Anatolia” and “Museum Picnic”,
- Grushinsky festival of art songs,
- Rock festival “Movement”,
- Rock Festival “Russian field”,
- Tolyatti open Youth festival of chamber music,
- Animation Festival “Animation Zone”.