Bashkortostan Republic overview
Bashkortostan Republic (other spellings Bashkiria, Bashkiriya) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, part of Volga Federal District. Administrative center and capital city of the region is Ufa. Bashkortostan is located between Ural mountains and the Volga River.
Bashkortostan Republic population - 4,061,000 (2012); land area - 142,947 sq. km.
Bashkortostan Republic territory, resources
Bashkortostan Republic territory has the deposits of about 3,000 various mineral resources (one of the richest in Russia). Main resources of the republic are oil, natural gas, chromite, coal, ferrous metal and iron ores, manganese, non-ferrous metals and non-metallic ores. Also there are a lot of precious and semi-precious stones deposits in Bashkiria.
Another important natural resource is wood. About one third of Bashkiria territory (62,000 sq. km.) is covered by various woods. There are some national parks on the territory of the republic covering about 10,000 sq. km. Bashkiria lands are rich in mineral and medicinal drinking water.
Bashkortostan Republic largest cities are Ufa (1,086,000), Sterlitamak (274,000), Salavat (156,000), Neftekamsk (118,000), Oktyabrsky (108,000).
Bashkortostan Republic nature
Bashkortostan Republic nature view
Bashkiria Republic landscape
Bashkiria Russia landscape
Bashkortostan Republic history
First people came to present Bashkortostan republic territory in the beginning of Paleolith. The population began to grow quickly in the Bronze Age. First permanent settlements in Southern part of Urals mountains were established by people of Abashevo culture. The word “Bashkirs” was first mentioned in the 9th century.
Islam began to spread among Bashkir people in the 10th century. Islam became the dominant religion in the region in the 14th century. The region was divided by Kazan and Siberia Khanates until the 16th century.
After the fall of Kazan city to Moscow state Tsar Ivan the Terrible in 1554-1555, Bashkir tribes leaders expressed the willingness to join the Moscow state of their own free will. In 1865, Ufa guberniya was formed as the part of the Russian Empire.
In 1919, after Russian revolution of 1917, Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was formed. In 1932, first Bashkir oil was extracted and more oil deposits were discovered in 1943.
Bashkiria region played an important role during the World War II as the center of evacuated from the Western parts of Russia plants and factories. Such industries as machine building and oil refining were developing quickly after the World War II.
Bashkir SSR state sovereignty declaration was adopted in 1990. In 1992, Bashkir SSR received new name - Bashkortostan Republic.
Bashkiria region sceneries
Bashkortostan region scenery
Bashkortostan region village
Bashkortostan Republic economics
The most important industries of Bashkiria are oil-extracting (23% of industrial product) and oil-processing (20%), chemistry and oil-chemistry (16%), power engineering (13% of industrial product).
In the village of Tyupkildy in Tuimazinsky district an experimental wind power station with a capacity of 2,2 MWt is located. The construction of Bashkiria nuclear power station (town of Agidel) might continue according to federal program of nuclear power engineering development.
There is also wood-processing industry and production of construction materials. The largest industrial centers of the region are Ufa, Sterlitamak, Salavat, Nefetkamsk, Tuimazy, Oktyabsky, Beloretsk. Machine building and metal working are developed.
Agriculture of the republic includes crops and cattle breeding. Wheat, rye, oats, barley, sunflower are grown. Meat and milk producing, pig-breeding, sheep-breeding, poultry keeping, horse-breeding and bee-keeping are developed. Bashkir honey is well known in Russia.
Ufa is connected with Samara, Chelyabinsk, Orenburg, Ulyanovsk and other cities of Russia by railways. The highway M5 “Ural” crosses the region, M7 “Volga” stretches as far as Ufa. The rivers Belaya and Ufa are navigable. Pipeline transportation is developed.