Penza region overview
Penza oblast (region) (also spelled Penzenskaya) is occupied mainly by Privolzhskaya (Volga) highland. The region is located in Volga Federal District. Administrative center and capital city is Penza.
Penza region population is about 1,369,000 (2012); land area - 43,352 sq. km.
Penza region facts
There are over 200 rivers on the territory of the region. The Sura, Moksha, Khopyor, Vorona are the largest among them. One of the main treasures of the province is chernozem (black earth) soils which prevail on the territory of the region (about 68% of all the fields).
There are many ethnic groups, nationalities and immigrants living here. Among them are representatives of Slavic, Finno-Ugric and Turkish people. Russians make up about 86% of the population, though, about 70 other nationalities also live here, among them Tatars, Mordovians, Chuvashans, Ukrainians, Belorussians.
The largest cities are Penza (520,000), Kuznetsk (88,000), Zarechny (64,000), Kamenka (39,000), Serdobsk (35,000) and Nizhny Lomov (22,000). The province is divided into 28 districts, 5 towns of regional submission, 5 towns of district submission, 16 town settlements, 359 villages.
Penza region history
In the 15th century, Russians settled in extensive spaces of Prisurje, increasing in number through the 16th century. After the conquest of Kazan by Ivan Grozny and the fall of Kazan Khanate in 1552 Penza region was incorporated into the Russian state.
In the middle of the 17th century, Russian discoverers of unknown lands approached the river Penza where it runs into the river Sura. Here, by a decree from Tzar Aleksey Mikhailovich, the town of Penza was founded in 1663.
Penza oblast was formed in 1939. It was a part of Tambov oblast from 1937 to 1939.
Penza region nature
Penzenskaya oblast nature
Penza region economy
The province is located close to large industrial centers. The convenient transportation and geographical location of the region enable using raw materials and fuel brought from other regions and providing cooperation ties as well as selling the output.
Due to favorable combination of natural conditions for farming the region is independent enough in food production.
At present, Penza province is an industrial and agricultural region of Russia. Industry is the leading branch of economics which influences the social and economic state of the province. The industry produces 1/4 of gross output and about 100,000 people are busy in it. The tax income of the region is 45% made by industry.
The industrial production of the province is presented by following branches: power engineering, fuel, ferrous metallurgy, chemical and oil chemical, machine building and metal working, timber, wood processing, paper and pulp, construction materials, glass, porcelain and faience, light, food, flour-grinding and cereals, mixed fodder.
More about local economy…
Agriculture is presented by several branches providing production of agricultural product, its processing and food producing as well as its delivery to customers.
Agriculture is one of the leading among branches of material production in the region. It produces about 1/5 of gross national output. Independence concerning food and social development of rural districts depend on the state of agriculture.
The climate of Penza region is favorable for crops producing, sunflower, beetroots, cattle- and pig-breeding, poultry farming, milk and egg producing. The region is a large producer of food and it refers to those regions of Russia which almost thoroughly meet people’s needs with its own production.
Penza region offers particular opportunities for investment in the following sectors: food processing and packaging, consumer products, automotive components, general engineering and machine building, medical equipment and pharmaceutical industries, textile machines, watches, gas and liquid tanks and gas station production distribution.
Penza region views
Penza region places of interest
Main places of interest of Penza region are:
Lermontov State museum “Tarkhany”. Great Russian poet M.Yu.Lermontov spent half of his life there. He got his lasting impressions from gentry estate environment, variety of folk life, picturesque nature, riches of mother language. It’s there where his character, his outlook, lots of his works were formed. The poet is also buried there.
Zolotaryovskoye site of ancient settlement. Zolotaryovskoye site of ancient settlement of the 3rd-4th centuries, the 8th-13th centuries is located in the upper Sura river (the right tributary of the Volga), along the ravine, in which the river Medayevka flows, near the settlement Zolotaryovka.
Reserve “Privolzhskaya forest steppe”. Reserve “Privolzhskaya forest steppe” was formed in 1989. Its objective was to protect and research unique regional meadow steppes of northern type and typical forests masses of forest steppe region of the Middle Volga.
Trinity-Skanov monastery. It’s hard to define when the monastery was founded. The fire of 1676 destroyed all the documents from which its original history could have been followed. It is known from patriarch Ioakim’s letters permitting the churches construction that before the fire there were 3 churches and some other monastery buildings.
V.G.Belinsky central recreation park. The park is located in the central part of Penza, in the oak forest which was called “Shipinbor”. The park was formed in 1821 by the emperor Alexander I order “On cities arrangement”. The scientist gardener E.Mazging was the first one to begin the park arrangement.
Morozovsky arboretum. Morozovsky arboretum is located 170 km from Penza on the boundary with Tambov region in the outskirts of Studenka settlement several kilometers from Poyim settlement. It was founded as an arboretum in 1900, since 1921, it is named after famous scientist G.F.Morozov.