Saratov oblast (region), Russia (Saratovskaya)

The capital city of Saratov oblast: Saratov.

Saratov region overview

Saratov oblast (region) (also spelled Saratovskaya) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, part of Volga Federal District. The administrative center of the region is Saratov city.

Saratov region population is 2,503,000 (2012); land area - 101,240 sq. km.

Saratov oblast flag

Saratov oblast flag

Saratov oblast coat of arms

Saratov oblast coat of arms

Saratov oblast map, Russia

Saratov oblast map of Russia

Saratov region features

Saratov region is located in the southeastern part of the European Russia. Main river of the region is the Volga dividing the province into two parts. Main natural resources are oil, natural gas, shale oil, phosphorites, various sands and stones.

The largest cities and towns are Saratov (840,000), Engels (202,000), Balakovo (200,000), Balashov (82,000), Volsk (67,000). About 74% of Saratov region population is urban, 86% - Russians. There are 38 administrative districts, 1805 villages and 18 cities and towns in the province.

“The first”, “for the first time” - these words are often used concerning Saratov region. Actually, there are a lot of outstanding and unique events in the province chronicle.

The first gas deposit was found there; gas pipeline Saratov-Moscow was the base of gas industry in the USSR. Russian National circus was founded in Saratov (1873), the third in Russia conservatoire was opened (1912); the 10th University (1909), the first children’s theater (1918).

In Saratov, on the bank of the Volga, the member of Saratov aviation club and industrial college graduate Yuri Gagarin made his first flight. It is interesting that after his legendary space flight he landed on the territory of Saratov region. The second spaceman - Herman Titov - landed on this territory too.

Three Russian Air Force bases and Taman rocket division of Russian Rocket Forces are deployed on the territory of the region.

Saratov region landscapes

Saratov region landscape

Saratov region landscape

Author: Dmitry Kogan

Saratov province scenery

Saratov province scenery

Author: Alexandr Rukavitshin

Saratov region view

Saratov region view

Author: Konstantin Karavayev


Saratov region history

The fortress of Saratov was founded in summer 1590. In the first half of the 17th century, Saratov was a large fortress on the Volga where 300-400 streletses (soldiers in regular army in Russia in the 16th-17th centuries) permanently stayed.

In spring 1674, the fortress was transferred to the opposite bank of the river. The population became of more importance, busy in fishing, bread and salt trading. In June 1722, Peter I visited Saratov on his way to Persia.

In 1781, the coat of arms of Saratov was adopted: on the blue background of heraldic shield 3 sterlets of silver color swim towards each other. Fish and water resources of the region found their imaginative reflection in the coat of arms. Saratov turned into rich merchant city.

Saratov region was formed according to Constitution of the USSR adopted on December 5, 1936, when Saratov krai was reformed into Saratov oblast with the separate Volga Germans Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

On September 7, 1941, the territories of 15 cantons of the former Volga Germans ASSR were united with Saratovskaya oblast. The current borders of the region were finalized in 1957.

On the Volga River, not far from the foundation of right-bank Saratov, links between past, present and future are especially sensed. There, on Museum Square, the architectural monument is located - St.Trinity church built at the end of the 17th - the early 18th centuries. The airport is located near Sokolinaya mountain which is the remembrance of Peter I and Ye.Pugachov.

Saratov region scenery

Saratov province scenery

Saratov province scenery

Author: Sergey Kravtsov

Saratovskaya oblast sunset

Saratovskaya oblast sunset

Author: Vadim Poddubny

Saratov region scenery

Saratov region scenery

Author: Vadim Poddubny


Saratov region economics

Saratov region is one of the leading in the Volga economic region in the level and amount of its industrial development. The industry of the region unites over 2,000 large and small enterprises.

Trolley-buses are produced there (Trolza), railway equipment (Engels transportation machine-building plant), refrigerators, liquid fuel and oil product (Saratov oil-processing plant), mineral fertilizers, cement, school textbooks are printed, chemical and furniture-producing plants are in process.

In industry, most developed are the following branches: power engineering and fuel (45,5%), machine-building (19,1%), chemical and oil-chemical (15,6%), food (9,2%). Large power stations - Balakov nuclear power station and Saratov hydro power station are located in the region, their total capacity is 4,000 and 1,360 MWt. These power stations produce about 25% of power in the Volga region and 3% of power in Russia.

Railway is the leading transportation in the province, over 90% of freight and about 40% of passenger turnover is made by railway. River transportation is developed fairly good, Saratov is the largest river port on the Volga River.

Saratov region is traditionally an agricultural region. It is the 10th among the Russian regions in the amount of agricultural product. The specific feature of the province is a great number of farmers having lands under crops, in 2009, the farmers part of lands under crops was about 45%.

Saratov oblast of Russia photos

Saratov region pictures

Saratov region bridge

Saratov region bridge

Author: Alexandr Rukavitshin

Saratov region village

Saratov region village

Author: Boris Busorgin

Saratov province autumn

Saratov province autumn

Author: Dmitriy Mishanin


Saratov region views

Saratov region winter

Saratov region winter

Author: Romanov Vladimir

Saratov region church

Saratov region church

Author: Sergey Kravtsov


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