Samara oblast (region), Russia (Samarskaya)

The capital city of Samara oblast: Samara.

Samara region overview

Samara oblast (region) (also spelled Samarskaya) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, part of Volga Federal District. The capital city and administrative center is Samara.

Samara region has the population of 3,213,000 (2012), land area - 53,565 sq. km.

Samara oblast flag

Samara oblast flag

Samara oblast coat of arms

Samara oblast coat of arms

Samara oblast map, Russia

Samara oblast map of Russia

Samara region history

The territory of present Samara province became the part of Russian state in the middle of the 16th century, after Kazan and Astrakhan Khanates were joined to Muscovite kingdom.

In the 17th-18th centuries, the territory around the Middle Volga was inhabited by migrants from other regions of the country and foreigners. From the mid 19th century, the territory experienced economic growth, Samara became one of the important centers of crops market within Russia which was followed by trade and industry development in the city. From 1851, Samara became the gubernia center.

In 1935, Samara was renamed into Kuybyshev and remained such till 1990. The industrialization in the beginning of the new Soviet state touched the region - in the town of Chapayevsk construction of plants producing explosives, poisonous substances and ammunition began. They were based on a military plant built before revolution.

During the Second World War, the region became one of the centers of defense industry of the USSR - in 1941, an oil processing plant was put into action in Syzran. It provided the army with fuel, aviation plants were evacuated to Kuybyshev from Moscow and Voronezh.

They started the production of attack planes “Il-2”. A railway crossed Syzran in 1942, it was used for providing the Soviet troops during the Stalingrad Battle. In 1941-1943, diplomatic missions of foreign countries were located in Kuybyshev (Samara), in 1941, there were plans for transferring the capital of the USSR to Kuybyshev in case German troops capture Moscow.

Samara region nature

Samara region nature view

Samara region nature view

Author: Alexander Urgalkin

Samarskaya oblast field

Samarskaya oblast field

Author: Vladimir Baboshin

Samara province landscape

Samara province landscape

Author: Alexander Urgalkin


Samara region was one of the leading centers of oil extracting in the USSR in 1950-1960s. In 1945-1951, Kuybyshev and Novokuybyshev oil processing plants were built.

At the same time the construction of Zhigulyov power station was renewed, it was put into action in 1955. Due to this construction, the city of Stavropol was flooded and was built in a new place, later it received the name of Tolyatti.

The construction base created when the power station was built later served for creating other industrial plants in Tolyatti - of mineral fertilizers “Kuybyshev-Azot”, of synthetic rubber “Tolyatti-Caoutchouc” (1964-1966), Volzhsky automobile plant (1970) as well as the largest in the country and in the world ammonia producing plant “TolyattiAzot” (1979).

At the same time, the aviation production was widened and the most popular Soviet plane “Tu-154” began being produced. The Soviet rocket space program orders were also fulfilled at this plant (“Progress” rockets).

There was an urgent need in qualified engineers and therefore higher education began rapidly developing especially technical one. Sharp economic increase of industry and young population due to migration from other regions of the country (in 1939-1990 the population in the region grew more than twice) caused a lot of requirements to social infrastructure which developed much less slower.

In the post Soviet period, due to saved economic potential, Samara province became one of the main economic and political centers of the country, service began rapidly developing in the largest cities of the region (Samara and Tolyatti). From the mid 2000s, the level of economic and political autonomy of the region greatly reduced.

Samara region views

Samara region scenery

Samara region scenery

Author: Dmitriy Siryachenko

Samara region winter

Samara region winter

Author: Ochin Vladimir

Samarskaya oblast view

Samarskaya oblast view

Author: Alexander Urgalkin


Samara region economics

The largest cities and towns of the region are Samara (1,169,000), Tolyatti (719,000), Syzran (179,000), Novokuybyshevsk (108,000), Chapaevsk (73,000), Zhigulyovsk (57,000), Otradny (48,000).

Main resources of the region are oil, natural gas, shale oil, various mineral resources for building purposes, water resources.

The industry of the province is presented by 400 large and medium plants and over 4,000 small ones. Mostly developed are the following industries: machine-building and metal working, fuel, power engineering, chemical and non-ferrous metallurgy.

Machine-building is presented by almost complete range of main branches, automobile industry is the leading one. Specific amount of oil products such as gas, diesel fuel, black oil is 10-12%.

One of the largest in Russia automobile plant “AvtoVaz” is located in Tolyatti. The largest in the world ammonia producing plant “TolyattiAzot” is located nearby. The construction of the largest in the world ammonia pipeline “Tolyatti-Odessa” has begun in the region.

Agriculture is specialized in wheat, millet and sunflower growing. Cattle breeding is of milk and meat producing types.

Samara region territory is crossed by federal highways E30 - M5 “Moscow - Samara - Chelyabinsk”; E121 - M32; “Samara - Orenburg”.

Main waterways of the region are the Volga, Sok, Samara rivers. Syzran, Samara and Tolyatti are also important river ports.

Samara oblast of Russia photos

Samara region churches

Samara region church

Samara region church

Author: B.Yartsev

Samara province churches

Samara province churches

Author: Sergey Bulanov


Samara province picture

Samara region the USSR remains

Samara region the USSR remains

Author: Dyomin Ivan


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