Ulyanovsk oblast (region), Russia (Ulyanovskaya)

The capital city of Ulyanovsk oblast: Ulyanovsk.

Ulyanovsk region overview

Ulyanovsk oblast (region) (also spelled Ulyanovskaya) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, part of Volga Federal District. Administrative center and capital city is Ulyanovsk.

Ulyanovsk region population is about 1,274,000 (2012); land area - 37,181 sq. km.

Ulyanovsk oblast flag

Ulyanovsk oblast flag

Ulyanovsk oblast coat of arms

Ulyanovsk oblast coat of arms

Ulyanovsk oblast map, Russia

Ulyanovsk oblast map of Russia

Ulyanovsk region facts

Ulyanovsk province is located in the south-east of European part of Russia, in the middle Volga. The river Volga divides the territory of the region into hilly right bank and lowland left bank. The climate is moderate continental, with cold winters and hot summers. Short dry springs are a specifying feature of the climate of Ulyanovsk region.

The average temperature in January is 11 degrees Celsius below zero, in July - 19 degrees C above zero. The region is located in forest and steppe area. Forests occupy about 25% of the territory.

Especially protected natural territories are located on the territory of the province: National Park “Sengileyevskiye Gory (mountains)”, state preserve “Privolzhskaya lesostep”, natural monuments “Undorovsky mineral spring”, “Relic forests”, island “Borok”, Genko forest area and a lot of others.

Among mineral raw resources, the main ones are as follows: oil (about 42 million tons), glass, cement, siliceous and carbonate raw.

Ulyanovsk region is divided into 20 districts, 3 towns of regional submission, 3 towns of district submission, 32 town settlements, 284 villages.

Ulyanovsk region nature

Ulyanovsk region nature view

Ulyanovsk region nature view

Author: Vladimir Baboshin

Ulyanovskaya oblast nature

Ulyanovskaya oblast nature

Author: Pavel Naumkin

Ulyanovsk region landscape

Ulyanovsk region landscape

Author: Alexander Urgalkin


Ulyanovsk region history

According to the archaeological data, first people started inhabiting the Middle Volga area, the territory of present day Ulyanovsk region, over 1,000 years ago. Separate sites with remnants of tools made of stone and bone were found in the mouth of the river Cheremshan, peninsula Tunguz, the bank of the river Volga near resort Undorovsky. These facts speak of people’s presence there in Paleolithic epoch.

In the 8th-9th centuries, this area was a part of the early Volzhskaya Bulgaria as a unit of Turkish and settled Finno-Ugric tribes. At the end of the 14th - the early 15th centuries, after attack of Tamerlane, the ruler from the Middle Asia, the desolation of the territory began. In the 15th century, the area became a part of Kazan Khanate.

After Kazan was conquered by the Russians, the territory was gradually populated by the Russians. At the end of the 40s of the 17th century, the construction of Karsuno-Simbirskay boundary began under the leadership of Bogdan Khitrov (1647-1654).

22 years later after Simbirsk town was founded. It had to experience a heavy struggle defending the state, not from outer enemy but from the Cossacks headed by Stepan Razin.

More Historical Facts…

In the 18th century, the territory of the Russian state began expanding eastwards, the southern territories of present Ulyanovsk region started being assimilated and inhabited. Simbirsk itself began to lose its military importance but still remained the center of the region.

Soviet power was established here a month later after the October Revolution - on December 10, 1917. In 1918, the gubernia found itself in the center of the civil war. In 1924, Simbirsk was renamed into Ulyanovsk after the real last name of V.I.Lenin – Ulyanov.

During the World War II, a lot of plants, institutions as well as people from the western regions of the USSR, from Moscow and Leningrad, were evacuated to Ulyanovsk. On January 19, 1943, several districts of Kuybyshev and Penza regions formed Ulyanovsk oblast.

In 1950-1960s, new plants were constructed in the province, as well as an automobile bridge across the Volga River and an airport in Ulyanovsk. In 1970, Leonid Brezhnev opened V.I.Lenin memorial-museum here.

Ulyanovsk region scenery

Ulyanovsk region village

Ulyanovsk region village

Author: Sergei Shylov

Ulyanovsk region scenery

Ulyanovsk region scenery

Author: Yuri Roshchevsky

Ulyanovsk region bridge

Ulyanovsk region bridge

Author: Franz Schiffers


Ulyanovsk region economy

Ulyanovsk province main industry is machine-building, it produces about 56% of all industrial output of the region. There is also plane-, tool-, gadget- and automobile-building. A number of automobile industry plants take an important part in the branch, they produce about 60% of the Russian buses and a little over 10% of lorries. Ulyanovsk automobile plant was founded in 1941 on the basis of Moscow ZIL plant evacuated there.

One of the largest in Europe plane-building plant - “Aviastar-JV” - is located in Ulyanovsk. This plant can produce over 50 planes a year. It also produces cargo planes AN124 “Ruslan” which became the pride of the Russian aviation as well as passenger planes Tu-204. The region is the first in Russia to produce planes and the fifth to produce automobiles.

It is one of the most important agricultural regions in Russia. Cattle-breeding is developed as well as poultry-keeping, pig-, rabbit- and sheep-breeding, and fishing. Sugarbeet and vegetable growing are the leading ones, grain-crops (wheat, barley, rye and oats) are grown as well as forage grain-crops.

More Facts…

Ulyanovsk region is a big transportation juncture. Important airlines, railway and automobile roads of all the directions of Russia cross the region as well as international airlines linking Volga area with Europe, Middle Asia, Middle East and China.

Ulyanovsk is the only city in Volga federal district with 2 large airports: “Ulyanovsk-Central” and international airport “Ulyanovsk-Vostochny (Eastern)”. The airports are equipped with modern radio electronic navigation gadgets which enable landing airplanes of almost all types including An-124 “Ruslan” and “Boeing-747”.

The river port in Ulyanovsk is located on both banks of the river Volga, on the right bank, there is the only crane on the Volga with hoisting capacity of 100 tons. Developed transportation net makes the region favorable for stirring business up in the sphere of logistics.

Even more favorable for international logistic companies is a specific economic area being created with preferential tax and customs fees. Bonded warehouses, assembly shops and aircraft-repairing industry will be located there.

Ulyanovsk oblast of Russia photos

Ulyanovsk province views

Ulyanovskaya oblast village

Ulyanovskaya oblast village

Author: V.Kildushov

Ulyanovsk province abandoned church

Ulyanovsk province abandoned church

Author: Solovjov Anton

Ulyanovsk province view

Ulyanovsk province view

Author: Sergei Shylov


Ulyanovsk region churches

Ulyanovsk region church

Ulyanovsk region church

Author: Oleg Dolgov

Ulyanovsk province church

Ulyanovsk province church

Author: Vladimir Kropotin

Ulyanovskaya oblast church

Ulyanovskaya oblast church

Author: Boyko Alexander


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