Yaroslavl oblast overview
Yaroslavl oblast (also spelled Yaroslavskaya) is a federal subject of Russian Federation, part of Central Federal District. The geographic location affords Yaroslavl oblast the advantages of a close proximity to Moscow and St. Petersburg. Additionally, the center of the region - Yaroslavl city - is an intersection of major highways, railroads and waterways.
Yaroslavl oblast population - 1,310,000 (2009); land area - 36,400 sq. km.
Yaroslavl oblast facts, economics
The climate of Yaroslavl oblast is of moderate continental type, with snowy winters and short hot summers. Natural deposits are presented mainly by sand, gravel, clay and peat. There is also mineral water.
Yaroslavskaya oblast is one of the most industrially developed regions of Russia. About 300 plants of Yaroslavl are of federal importance and are leading ones in their branches. The administrative center of the oblast is located at the crossroads of the most important railways, highways and waterways.
Machine-building is the main branch of industry of Yaroslavl region. A half of all the working population is busy in it and almost 40% of all the output is produced by it. Machine-building is of various types: power engineering, chemical and oil machine-building, tool- and gadget-making industries, ship-building industry. There are machine-building plants in almost all the cities of the oblast.
Yaroslavl oblast nature
Yaroslavl region landscape
Yaroslavl Russia oblast winter
Yaroslavl oblast history
Yaroslavl is considered a pearl in the “Golden Ring” of ancient Russian cities located to the west and north of Moscow. The legend links Yaroslavl with the name of Prince Yaroslav Mudry (the Wise) who later became the Great Prince of Kiev. His soldiers destroyed the pagan settlement named “Medvezhy Ugol” (Bear’s Corner) inhabitants of which were hunters and fishermen.
According to the legend Prince Yaroslav Mudry subdued local pagan tribes axed the “sacred” bear whom the tribes worshipped. The coat of arms of Yaroslavl reminds of this event.
In 1218 Yaroslavl became a capital of independent principality. Rapid growth of the rich Volga city was interrupted by Tatar-Mongol invasion. Like a lot of other Russian cities Yaroslavl was burnt in 1238. In 1463 the Yaroslavl principality became a part of the united Moscow principality. In 16th and 17th centuries Yaroslavl was an important city of trade with the eastern and European countries.
In 1612 people’s volunteer corps of 25,000 people financed by local merchants was formed in Yaroslavl, headed by Prince Dmitry Pozharsky. They liberated Moscow which was occupied by Polish troops. The most respective citizens of Yaroslavl took part in the elections of the new Russian emperor. Mikhail Romanov was enthroned and it was the start of Romanov dynasty which lasted 300 years.
The 17th century was the “golden era” of Yaroslavl art and one of the brightest pages the history of ancient Russian art. It was the time when unique Yaroslavl school of fresco painting and cult architecture was created. A lot of domes in churches and rich tiled walls are specific features of this school.
Yaroslavl region sceneries
Yaroslavl Russia region scenery
Yaroslavl oblast attractions
World-wide known monuments of church architecture were constructed in the 17th century in Yaroslavl oblast, such as the unique church of John the Baptist with 15 domes in Tolchkovo known by the Russians as the image on a 1,000 Rubles banknote and the church of Elijah the Prophet - the main place of interest in Yaroslavl. Over 400 monuments of cult and civil construction are preserved in the city till nowadays.
Beside Yaroslavl “Golden Ring” of Russia includes 3 more ancient cities of the oblast - Pereslavl-Zalessky, Rostov Veliky and Uglich. Uglich founded in 937 is known by the Russians as the place where according to legend the youngest son of Ivan the Terrible was killed in 1591. The son of the tsar named Dmitry was 8 years old.
Beside Dmitry church which is called the church-on-blood, there is the unique Kremlin with the Throne Chamber of Prince’s palace (the second half of 15th century), Resurrection monastery of 17th century.
Yaroslavl region is also known as the birthplace of the first spacewoman in the world Valentina Tereshkova.