Yaroslavl region overview
Yaroslavl oblast (region) (also spelled Yaroslavskaya) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, part of Central Federal District. The region has favorable geographic location - close proximity to Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Additionally, the center of the region - Yaroslavl - is an intersection of major highways, railroads and waterways.
Yaroslavl region population - 1,272,000 (2012); land area - 36,177 sq. km.
Yaroslavl region facts, economics
The climate of Yaroslavl region is of moderate continental type, with snowy winters and short hot summers. Natural deposits are presented mainly by sand, gravel, clay and peat. There is also mineral water.
The province is one of the most industrially developed regions of Russia. About 300 plants of Yaroslavl are of federal importance and are leading ones in their branches. The administrative center of the region is located at the crossroads of the most important railways, highways and waterways.
Machine-building is the main branch of industry of Yaroslavl region. A half of all the working population is busy in it and almost 40% of all the output is produced by it.
Machine-building is of various types: power engineering, chemical and oil machine-building, tool- and gadget-making industries, ship-building industry. There are machine-building plants in almost all the cities of the region.
Yaroslavl region nature
Yaroslavl region nature view
Yaroslavl region landscape
Yaroslavl province winter
Yaroslavl region history
Yaroslavl is considered a pearl in the “Golden Ring” of ancient Russian cities located to the west and north of Moscow. The legend links Yaroslavl with the name of Prince Yaroslav Mudry (the Wise) who later became the Great Prince of Kiev. His soldiers destroyed the pagan settlement named “Medvezhy Ugol” (Bear’s Corner) inhabitants of which were hunters and fishermen.
According to the legend, Prince Yaroslav Mudry subdued local pagan tribes axed the “sacred” bear whom the tribes worshipped. The coat of arms of Yaroslavl reminds of this event.
In 1218, Yaroslavl became a capital of independent principality. Rapid growth of the rich Volga town was interrupted by Tatar-Mongol invasion. Like a lot of other Russian cities, Yaroslavl was burnt in 1238. In 1463, the Yaroslavl principality became a part of the united Moscow principality. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Yaroslavl was an important town of trade with the eastern and European countries.
In 1612, people’s volunteer corps of 25,000 people financed by local merchants was formed in Yaroslavl, headed by Prince Dmitry Pozharsky. They liberated Moscow which was occupied by Polish troops. The most respective citizens of Yaroslavl took part in the elections of the new Russian Tsar. Mikhail Romanov was enthroned and it was the start of Romanov’s dynasty which lasted 300 years.
The 17th century was the “golden era” of Yaroslavl art and one of the brightest pages in the history of ancient Russian art. It was the time when unique Yaroslavl school of fresco painting and cult architecture was created. A lot of domes in churches and rich tiled walls are specific features of this school.
Yaroslavl region scenery
Yaroslavl province scenery
Yaroslavl region attractions
World-wide known monuments of church architecture were constructed in the 17th century in Yaroslavl region, such as unique church of John the Baptist with 15 domes in Tolchkovo depicted on a 1,000 Rubles banknote and the church of Elijah the Prophet - the main place of interest in Yaroslavl. Over 400 monuments of cult and civil construction are preserved in the city till nowadays.
Beside Yaroslavl, “Golden Ring” of Russia includes 3 more ancient towns of the region - Pereslavl-Zalessky, Rostov Veliky and Uglich. Uglich, founded in 937, is known by the Russians as the place where according to a legend the youngest son of Ivan the Terrible was killed in 1591. The son of the tsar named Dmitry was 8 years old.
Beside Dmitry church which is called the church-on-blood, there is unique Kremlin with the Throne Chamber of Prince’s palace (the second half of the 15th century), Resurrection monastery of the 17th century.
Yaroslavl region is also known as the birthplace of the first spacewoman in the world - Valentina Tereshkova.