Voronezh oblast (region), Russia (Voronezhskaya)

The capital city of Voronezh oblast: Voronezh.

Voronezh region overview

Voronezh oblast (region) (also spelled Voronezhskaya) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, part of Central Federal District. The administrative center and capital city is Voronezh.

Voronezh region population is 2,330,000 (2012); land area - 52,216 sq. km.

Voronezh oblast flag

Voronezh oblast flag

Voronezh oblast coat of arms

Voronezh oblast coat of arms

Voronezh oblast map, Russia

Voronezh oblast map of Russia

Voronezh region facts

The climate of Voronezh region is of moderate continental type with the average temperature within a year from 5 degrees Celsius above zero in the north of the region to 6,5 degrees C above zero in the south. The average temperature in January is 9 degrees C below zero, in July - 20 degrees C above zero.

Largest cities and towns of the region are Voronezh (1,004,000), Borisoglebsk (65,000), Rossosh (63,000), Lisky (55,000). About 63% of Voronezh province population is urban.

The Don is the main river of the region. The most important resource of the province is its black soil (chernozyom) occupying the main part of the territory of the region.

Mineral and raw resources are presented by deposits of non-ore raw, mainly sands, clay, chalk, granite and cement, especially in western and southern districts of the region. Voronezh region has almost unlimited deposits of chalk.

Voronezh region views

Voronezh region nature

Voronezh region nature

Author: Stepygin Evgeny

Voronezh province view

Voronezh province view

Author: Constantin Silkin

Voronezh region view

Voronezh region view

Author: Galina Linn


Voronezh region history

In the 7th-3rd centuries B.C., Scythian tribes inhabited the Lower Don steppes. They occupied the southern part of present day Voronezh region. In the 4th century, the Huns went across the Don steppes from east to west.

In the 7th century, the steppe part of Voronezh area became a part of Khazar Kaganate. In the 8th century, Slavic population came to Voronezh and the middle Don. In the 8th century, Pechenegs, and, in the mid-11th century, Polovets came there. The territory of the region was a part of Ryazan and Chernigov principalities.

In the 16th century, after Great Ryazan principality joined the Russian state (around 1521) and the threat of Crimean khans’ attacks weakened, the town of Voronezh was founded (1585). The colonization of the northern part of the region began.

The assimilation of the south was possible after Azov expeditions in 1695-1696. In 1708-1725, the territory of Voronezh region was a part of Azov gubernia, in 1725-1928 - of Voronezh gubernia, in 1928-1934 - of Central Chernozyom region.

From 1929, the process of peasants collectivization took place which entailed starvation of 1932-1933 (about 100,000 people died on the territory of Voronezh region).

Voronezh oblast was formed in 1934. In 1964-1972, Novovoronezh nuclear power station was constructed.

Voronezh region economics

Voronezh province is both industrial and agricultural region. Machine-building, power engineering, chemical industry and agricultural raw processing industries prevail. They produce 4/5 of all the output. Food industry (27%) is the leading one, machine-building and metal-working is the second one (23%), and the third one is power engineering (18%).

The territory of Voronezh region is crossed by: federal highway E115 - M4 “Moscow - Rostov-on-Don”; federal highway E119 - M6 “Moscow - Astrakhan”; highway E38 - A144 “Kursk - Saratov”. The rivers Don and Khopyor are the main waterways of the region.

Voronezh region is a large supplier of agricultural product: it produces crops (mainly wheat), sugar-beet, sunflower and vegetables. On the whole, the agriculture is specialized in sugar-beet, sunflower and crops, cattle-, pig- and sheep-breeding.

The region has nuclear power station on its territory - Novovoronezh Nuclear Power Station.

Voronezh region attractions

Voronezh region has a considerable tourist potential. Beside pine-tree groves in the lowland of the river Voronezh, historical and cultural monument Divnogorye is a popular tourist place.

It is a unique Orthodox church, gouged by Russian monks within a huge chalk mountain on the banks of the river Tikhaya Sosna in Liskinsky district.

Besides, there are a lot of summer and winter tourist camps, sanatoriums and reserves, monasteries, churches, cultural and historical monuments on the territory of Voronezh province.

Voronezh oblast of Russia photos

Voronezh region churches

Voronezh oblast church

Voronezh oblast church

Author: Stepygin Evgeny

Voronezh region church

Voronezh region church

Author: Lantsov Dmitriy

Voronezh province cathedral

Voronezh province cathedral

Author: Feliks Radev


Voronezh province scenery

Voronezh region scenery

Voronezh region scenery

Author: Gribanov D.


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