Vladimir region facts
The climate of Vladimir province is of moderate continental type, the average temperature is 5 degrees Celsius, the average temperature in January is 13 Degrees C below zero, in July - 19 degrees C above zero. The environmental situation is favorable.
In the south of the region, on the territory of Gus-Crystal district, there is the National park “Meshora”, natural monument - Lake Isikhra, a part of federal reserve “Klyazminsky” preserving desman as well as the whole natural complex of the river Klyazma flood-lands, a federal reserve “Muromsky” in the river Oka flood-lands (56,200 hectares) preserving desman and natural monument - Lake Vysha.
The main goods traffic of Vladimir region is carried by three out of four directions of Trans-Siberian railway. The second place is taken by pipelines. Among highways the most important is M7 “Volga”. Navigation - both freight and passenger - is developed on the river Klyazma and especially the Oka, there are ports Vyazniki and Murom, ship-building plant in Gorokhovets.
The local airport Semyazino is located 5 km from Vladimir, there are landings in Vyazniki, Gorokhovets and numerous military airports. A considerable part of airlines eastwards of Moscow cross the region. Trolley-bus systems of Vladimir and Kovrov are also worth noting.
The region is divided into 19 districts, 22 towns, 9 of them - of regional submission. Raduzhny town has the status of a closed territorial formation. There are 36 town settlements, 223 village okrugs, 2477 villages.
Vladimir region nature
Vladimir region nature view
Vladimirskaya oblast nature
Vladimir region history
Vladimir province is one of the most ancient historical centers of the Russian land. Its territories were the ancient center of Vladimir-Suzdal principality. The Great Principality of Vladimir (1157-1362) was formed when Great Prince Andrey Bogolyubsky transferred the capital of Rostov-Suzdal principality to the city of Vladimir-on-Klyazma.
There are several points of view - when the city was founded. According to one of them it was founded by Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich in 990, according to another one - by Prince Vladimir Monomakh in 1108. The city grew rapidly under Andrey Bogolyubsky and his successors’ ruling.
In the second half of the 12th - the early 13th centuries, the Great Principality of Vladimir was the largest economic, political and cultural center of Russia. The transfer of the political center of Russia to Vladimir greatly influenced the process of the Russian nation formation. The economic and political influence of Vladimir-Suzdal principality was ruined in 1238 by Tatar-Mongol invasion.
The culture of the Great Principality of Vladimir had great effects on the history of all the North-Eastern Russia. Architectural school of Vladimir influenced stone architecture of Moscow and other Russian cities.
Among outstanding monuments of Vladimir-Suzdal architecture of the 12th-13th centuries there are white-stone Assumption and Dmitriyevsky churches, Golden Gates, the Church of Pokrova-na-Nerli. Political and cultural traditions of the Great Principality of Vladimir were accepted by the Muscovite Great Principality when the Russian centralized state was formed.
In 1778, Vladimir gubernia was formed. It was one of the most industrially developed regions in European part of Russia. From the 17th century, textile industry was developed there, iron-producing plants were in action. In the second half of the 18th century, glass-producing plants were founded. In the 19th century, the region was one of the centers of textile industry, 31% of all cotton cloth made in Russia was produced there.
Domestic crafts were widely spread in the province. Weaving was the leading one. From the end of the 17th century, icon-painting was known (Shuya, Palekh, Mstera). Bricklayers from Vladimir and Suzdal, carpenters from Pokrov and Gorokhovets were known all over Russia.
The revolution of 1917 and Civil War didn’t disturb Vladimir region. Big changes took place with the start of industrialization, plants of textile, machine-building, tool- and glass-making industries were built. In 1929, after Vladimir gubernia was abolished its territories were the parts of three regions: Ivanovo, Gorkov and Moscow.
During the World War II, the military plants of the region did a lot for the victory, Kovrovsky plant in particular, where famous group headed by V.A.Degtyaryov worked. On August 14, 1944, Vladimir oblast within its current boundaries was formed.
In 1945, Vladimir tractor-building plant was put into action. In 1950s-70s, a number of large industrial plants were built and reconstructed, Vladimir region became one of the most industrially developed regions of Russia.
Vladimir region economics
Vladimir province is now one of the most economically developed regions of Central Russia. In terms of industrial output, it ranks among Russia’s top twenty regions. Its nine major plants manufacture over 30,000 different products, which are exported to over 70 foreign countries as well as other regions of the Russian Federation.
Machine building is the major industry of Vladimir region and its output makes up more than 40% of total regional production.
The region has deposits of peat, forests. There are great reserves of different sands and clay used for production of building materials. There is a network of highways and railways.
Agriculture of Vladimir region is specialized in plants-growing, cattle-, pig-, sheep- and goat-breeding as well as poultry-keeping. Wheat, rye, barley and oats are grown. There are several fishing companies (the largest is “Vorsha”) and numerous apiaries.
Vladimir province views
Vladimirskaya oblast lake
Vladimir province village
Vladimir region attractions
Vladimir region is famous for preserved ancient Russian cities Alexandrov, Vladimir, Gorokhovets, Kideksha, Murom, Yuryev-Polsky, Gus-Crystal, for their architectural, historical, cultural and religious monuments, for the city of Orthodox pilgrimage - Suzdal (Alexandrovsky, Pokrovsky, Spaso-Evfimiyev and Rizopolozhensky monasteries), for the unique architectural and landscape monument - Church of Pokrova-na-Nerli in Bogolyubovo.
The main part of the famous Russian Golden Ring routes crosses the territory of Vladimir province. The historical prison “Vladimir central” became an often visited place too.
The largest preserved territory, National park “Meshora” is a popular place of tourism and recreation (kayak-paddling, skiing, hiking, biking, hunting, fishing, picking mushrooms and berries).
The rivers located in the north-west of the region (the Kirzhach, the Peksha, the Koloksha) are also popular among kayak fans. The lakes in the park “Kshara” are also popular. Tourist and sport navigation on the rivers Oka and Klyazma is developed too.
Other attractions of Vladimir region:
- snowboard center in Snovitsy (Suzdal district)
- mountain skiing slope “Puzhalova Gora” in Gorokhovets
- parachute sports at airports in Kirzhach, Alexandrov and Semyazino
- paintball and carting
- motor-biking in Kovrovo
- auto-trial in marshlands of the region
- diving in deep lakes of Balakhninskaya low place