Vladimir oblast facts
The climate of Vladimir oblast is of moderate continental type, the average temperature is 5 degs C, the average temperature in January is 13 Degs C below zero, in July - 19 degs C above zero. The environmental situation in the oblast is favorable on the whole.
In the south of the oblast, on the territory of Gus-Crystal district there is the National park “Meshora”, natural monument - lake Isikhra, a part of federal reserve “Klyazminsky” preserving desman as well as the whole natural complex of the river Klyazma flood-lands, a federal reserve “Muromsky” in the river Oka flood-lands (56,200 hectares) preserving desman and shooting animals of the region and natural monument - lake Vysha.
The main goods traffic of Vladimir region is carried by three out of four directions of Trans-Siberian railway. The second place is taken by pipelines. Among highways the most important is M7 “Volga”. Navigation - both freight and passenger - is developed on the river Klyazma and especially the Oka, there are ports Vyazniki and Murom, ship-building plant in Gorokhovets.
The local airport Semyazino is located 5 km from Vladimir, there are landings in Vyazniki, Gorokhovets and numerous military airports. A considerable part of airlines eastwards of Moscow cross the region. Trolley-bus systems of Vladimir and Kovrov city are also worth noting.
Vladimir oblast is divided into 19 districts, 22 towns, 9 of them - of regional submission. Town Raduzhny has the status of a closed territorial formation. There are 36 town settlements, 223 village okrugs, 2477 villages.
Vladimir oblast nature
Vladimirskaya oblast nature
Vladimir oblast history
Vladimirskaya oblast is one of the most ancient historical centers of the Russian land. Its territories had been the ancient center of Vladimir-Suzdal principality, from the end of 18th century - of Vladimirskaya gubernia. The Great Principality of Vladimir (1157-1362) was formed when Great Prince Andrey Bogolyubsky transferred the capital of Rostov-Suzdal principality to the city of Vladimir-on-Klyazma.
There are several points of view - when the city was founded. According to one of them it was founded by Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich in 990, according to another one - by Prince Vladimir Monomakh in 1108. The city grew rapidly under Andrey Bogolyubsky and his successors’ ruling.
In the second half of 12th - early 13th centuries the Great Principality of Vladimir was the largest economic, political and cultural center of Russia. The transfer of the political center of Russia to Vladimir greatly influenced the process of Russian nation formation. The economic and political influence of Vladimir-Suzdal principality was ruined in 1238 by destroying Tatar-Mongol invasion.
The culture of the Great Principality of Vladimir had great effects on the history of all the North-Eastern Russia. Architectural school of Vladimir influenced stone architecture of Moscow and other Russian cities. Among outstanding monuments of Vladimir-Suzdal architecture of 12th-13th centuries there are white-stone Assumption and Dmitriyevsky churches, Golden Gates, the Church of Pokrova-na-Nerli. Political and cultural traditions of the Great Principality of Vladimir were accepted by the Muscovite Great Principality when the Russian centralized state had been formed.
In 1778 Vladimirskaya gubernia was formed. It was one of the most industrially developed regions in European part of Russia. From 17th century textile industry was developed there, iron-producing plants were in action. In the second half of 18th century glass-producing plants were founded. In 19th century Vladimirskaya gubernia was one of the centers of textile industry, 31% of all cotton cloth made in Russia was produced there.
Domestic crafts were widely spread in the gubernia. Weaving was the leading one. From the end of 17th century icon-painting was known (Shuya, Palekh, Mstera). Bricklayers from Vladimir and Suzdal, carpenters from Pokrov and Gorokhovets were known all over Russia.
The revolution of 1917 and Civil War didn’t disturb Vladimir region. Big changes took place with the start of industrialization, plants of textile, machine-building, tool- and glass-making industries were built. In 1929 after Vladimirskaya gubernia was abolished its territories were parts of the three regions: Ivanovskaya, Gorkovskaya and Moskovskaya.
During World War II the military plants did a lot for the victory, Kovrovsky plant in particular, where famous group headed by V.A.Degtyaryov worked. On August 14th, 1944, Vladimir oblast within its current boundaries was formed. In 1945 Vladimirsky tractor-building plant was put into action. In 1950s-70s a number of large industrial plants were built and reconstructed, Vladimirskaya oblast became one of the most industrially developed regions of Russia.
Vladimir oblast economics
Vladimir oblast is now one of the most economically developed regions of Central Russia. In terms of industrial output, Vladimir oblast ranks among Russia’s top twenty regions. Its nine major plants manufacture over 30,000 different products, which are exported to over 70 foreign countries as well as other regions of Russian Federation.
Machine building is the major industry of Vladimir region and its output makes up more than 40% of total regional production. In the main Vladimir oblast is non resource area that is why it depends on other territories. More than 70% of bought energy is used for function of economic complex.
The general mineral wealth is peat, forest. There are great reserves of different sands and clay providing its long exploitation for production of building materials. There is a network of highways and railways.
Agriculture of Vladimir region is specialized in plants-growing, cattle-, pig-, sheep- and goat-breeding as well as poultry-keeping. Wheat, rye, barley and oats are grown. There are several fishing companies (the largest is “Vorsha”) and numerous apiaries.
Vladimirskaya oblast views
Vladimirskaya oblast lake
Vladimir oblast village scenery
Vladimir oblast attractions
Vladimir oblast is famous for preserved ancient Russian cities Alexandrov, Vladimir, Gorokhovets, Kideksha, Murom, Yuryev-Polsky, Gus-Crystal, for their architectural, historical, cultural and religious monuments, for the city of Orthodox pilgrimage - Suzdal (Alexandrovsky, Pokrovsky, Spaso-Evfimiyev and Rizopolozhensky monasteries), for the unique architectural and landscape monument - Church of Pokrova-na-Nerli in Bogolyubovo.
The main part of the famous Russian Golden Ring routes crosses the territory of Vladimir oblast. The historical prison “Vladimirsky central” became an often visited place too.
The largest preserved territory, National park Meshora is a popular place of tourism and recreation (kayak-paddling, skiing, hiking, biking, hunting, fishing, picking mushrooms and berries). Not the less popular among kayak fans are the rivers in north-west of the oblast (Kirzhach, Peksha, Koloksha). The lakes in the park “Kshara” are also popular due to their remoteness and availability. Tourist and sport navigation on the rivers Oka and Klyazma are developed too.
The snowboard center in the settlement of Snovitsy, Suzdalsky district, mountain skiing slope “Puzhalova Gora” in Gorokhovets, parachute sports at airports in Kirzhach, Alexandrov and Semyazino, paintball and carting are developed, motor-biking in Kovrovo, auto-trial in marshlands of the oblast, diving in deep lakes of Balakhninskaya low place.