Ryazan oblast (region), Russia (Ryazanskaya)

The capital city of Ryazan oblast: Ryazan.

Ryazan region overview

Ryazan oblast (region) (also spelled Ryazanskaya) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, part of Central Federal District. The capital and administrative center of the region is Ryazan city.

Ryazan region population is about 1,145,000 (2012); land area - 39,605 sq. km.

Ryazan oblast flag

Ryazan oblast flag

Ryazan oblast coat of arms

Ryazan oblast coat of arms

Ryazan oblast map, Russia

Ryazan oblast map of Russia

Ryazan region territory

Ryazan province is divided into 25 districts, includes 12 towns, 26 urban type settlements and 456 rural administrations. It is located in the center of the Russian plain on the spurs of Mid-Russian hills, Meshera lowland and Oka-Don plain (up to 237 meters high).

The climate of the region is moderate continental. The annual precipitation is around 550 mm. Coniferous and deciduous forests cover about 25% of the territory.

Ryazan region history

The first known people inhabiting Ryazan land were Finno-Ugric tribes: Mer, Ves, Muroma, Meshera, Mordva and others who gave a lot of geographic names preserved in the province till nowadays.

Slavic tribes moved eastwards at the end of 1,000 A.C. and thus Vyatich and Radimich tribes came to the upper and mid Oka - Meshersky region. Peaceful penetration of Slavic tribes ended in subordination of the Oka land to Kiev principality.

Although the name Ryazan denoted a whole state, its capital of the same name was mentioned in chronicles just in 1096. According to the latest archaeological data the city of Staraya Ryazan was founded in the 10th century (50 km to the south-east of modern Ryazan).

In the 13th century, Ryazan principality spread to the south till the rivers Voronezh and Don and existed autonomously enough from the Great Vladimir principality.

Ryazan principality was the most powerful during Oleg Ivanovich ruling (1350-1402) who competed with Muscovite princes. After Oleg Ivanovich died his descendants failed to withstand Moscow and Ryazan principality ended in 1521 officially becoming a part of Muscovite state.

At the end of the 16th century, the construction of Russian national defense system was a matter of state importance. Thus a lot of settlements were founded and developed in the region. In 1708, Ryazan became a part of Muscovite gubernia as Pereyaslavl-Ryazan district. In 1719, Pereyaslavl-Ryazan province was created.

Ryazan gubernia was created by Catherine’s II order on February 28, 1778. From that time the city of Pereyaslavl-Ryazansky was the administrative center of the gubernia and received the name Ryazan.

In 1929, almost all the territory of Ryazan region became the part of Moskovskaya oblast and, in 1937, Ryazan oblast was formed.

Ryazan region nature

Ryazan region nature view

Ryazan region nature view

Author: Mikhail Grizly

Ryazan province forest

Ryazan province forest

Author: Mikhail Grizly

Ryazanskaya oblast scenery

Ryazanskaya oblast scenery

Author: Alexander Vasiliev


Ryazan region economics, transportation

Most developed industries of Ryazan province are machine-building and metal working, oil processing, power engineering and food industry. Construction materials production, leather production and processing are developed as well as non-ferrous metallurgy. Main industrial centers are the cities of Ryazan, Skopin, Kasimov.

The local market of the region offers many opportunities for development in the consumer and service sectors. Food industry, for example, is looking to increase the output of canned fruits, vegetables, meat and dairy products.

Opportunities also exist in fuel and energy, construction sectors. Ryazan oblast Government has developed a list of potential investment and business projects in the city and the region.

The province is known for its production of petroleum products, precision instruments, radio electronics, textiles, and footwear. Ryazan region wood-working and chemical enterprises specialize in the manufacture of mineral fertilizers and chemical products.

There are also large deposits of high-quality peat for production of fertilizer in the area, in addition to cement limestone, glass and quartz sands, and other mineral resources. Ryazan region’s skilled workforce is supplemented by five higher education and research institutes and 31 technical and vocational schools.

Two important railways cross the territory of Ryazan region: “historical” direction of Trans-Siberian railway and 2 main lines towards Caucasian railways. Two federal highways cross the territory of the region: M5 “Ural” and M6 “Kaspiy”.

Besides, of special importance are the highways P105 Moscow - Kasimov and the line Nizhny Novgorod - Murom - Kasimov - Tambov (P125, P124 and A143).

The river Oka is navigable with the equipped ports in Ryazan and Kasimov as well as the river Moksha. As for transportation railway express and coaches Ryazan - Moscow are of special importance.

Oil pipelines cross Ryazan region territory supplying oil from Siberia and Volga to Moscow and Ryazan oil processing plants. Also gas mains cross the region. The largest (8,500 million cubic m) in Europe underground reservoir of natural gas “Kasimovskoye” is located in the region.

The agriculture of Ryazan region is specialized on cattle-, pig-, sheep-breeding, poultry farming. Barley, wheat, rye, oats, beetroots, fruits and berries are grown.

Ryazan province views

Ryazan region nature

Ryazan region nature

Author: Mikhail Maksimov

Ryazan region monastery

Ryazan region monastery

Author: Mikhail Maksimov

Ryazan province abandoned church

Ryazan province abandoned church

Author: Mikhail Grizly


Ryazan region attractions

There are about 1,200 monuments of architecture and over 2,200 of archaeology on the territory of the province. Among them are:

  • In the village Konstantinovo, Rybnovsky district - Sergey Yesenin museum
  • Ryazan Kremlin and Assumption Church
  • Curing resort Solotcha
  • Museum of Airborne landing troops history
  • Pirogov House – Museum
  • In the village of Yerlino, Korablinsky district, the first park of S.N.Khudekov still exists, later he created the similar park in Sochi
  • In the lower Pra, Spassky district, Oksk biosphere state reserve is located
  • Near the village of Mikhei, Sapozhkovsky district, there is the mineral water spring and curing mud
  • In the village of Poshupovo, Rybnovsky district, on the right bank of the Oka, Svyato-Ioanno-Bogoslovsky monastery is located.

Main landmarks of Ryazan region include the Oka preserve (founded in 1935 to protect and study the nature of Meshera), Solotcha monastery of the 15-18th centuries, architecture (the kremlin of the 15th century, cathedrals, churches, chambers).

There are also fine arts museum, I.P. Pavlov house museum, the 15th century minaret, the 16-17th centuries mausoleum, the early 18th century churches, estate ensemble in the village of Krasnoye, K.E. Tsiolkovsky museum in the village of Izhevskoye.

Ryazan oblast of Russia photos

Ryazan region wooden churches

Ryazan region church

Ryazan region church

Author: Mikhail Maksimov

Ryazan region wooden church

Ryazan region wooden church

Author: Mikhail Grizly


Ryazan region scenery

Ryazan region abandoned cathedral

Ryazan region abandoned cathedral

Author: Mikhail Grizly


The comments of our visitors

Betty
Your site
Very nice, I enjoyed reading about the area and viewing the photos. Thank you.

Sponsored Links: