Orlovskaya oblast overview
Orlovskaya oblast (other spellings are Oryol, Orel) is situated in the central part of the East-European plain (Central Federal District). Capital city of the region is Orel. Main river of the region is Oka.
Orlovskaya oblast has the population of about 812,000 (2010) on the territory of 24,700 sq. km.
Orlovskaya oblast facts
Wonderful nature of middle-Russia, wise peasant traditions and original people’s culture were the favorable foundation on which a number famous Russian gifted persons were nurtured. Orlovskaya oblast is the birthplace of I.S.Turgenev, N.S.Leskov, L.N.Andreyev, A.N.Apukhtin, A.A.Fet, philosophers S.N.Bulgakov, M.M.Bakhtin, historian T.N.Granovsky. The lives of F.I.Tyutchev, I.A.Bunin, M.M.Prishvin are linked with Oryol region.
There are deposits of iron ore, brown coal, limestone, sands on the territory of Orlovskaya oblast. Deposit of uranium ores are prospected in the south-east of the region. The main river is Oka.
Largest cities of the region are Orel, Livny and Mtsensk. Orlovskaya oblast is divided into 23 districts, 3 towns of the regional submission, 4 towns of district submission, 14 town settlements, 221 villages.
Orlovskaya oblast nature
Oryol Russia oblast landscape
Orlovskaya oblast winter scenery
Orlovskaya oblast history
In chronicles of 12th century the cities Mtsensk, Novosi, Kroma are mentioned, they are the same age with Moscow. 400 years later towns-fortresses Bolkhov, Oryol, Livny were founded. Oryol region was a place where more than once battles with Tatar nomads took place, dramatic events of the Time of Trouble occurred here.
The people in this area served on this disturbing boundary which defended the area from Tatar attacks. As Russian state strengthened the lands around Oryol became fertile granary which brought Oryol the fame of a grain-producing city.
Later Oryol situated on the Oka became the center of wide bread market which provided Moscow with crops and flour. Under Peter the Great Oryol town received the status of the center of Orlovskaya province which also included a considerable part of Bryanskaya and Lipetskaya regions.
From the second half of 19th century railways and highways connected Oryol with Moscow and Ukraine, Baltic and Volga regions, they made the city a big transportation center. Before the Revolution of 1917 in Oryol there was a cadet school, a theological seminary, several gymnasiums (future prime-minister P.A.Stolypin finished one of them).
In autumn 1919 bloody battles between general Denykin army and Red army took place near Oryol and Kromy. Orlovskaya oblast was formed on September 27th, 1937. In 1944 Bryanskaya oblast was separated from Orlovskaya oblast and in 1954, with the formation of Lipetskaya oblast, 9 eastern districts were separated from Orlovskaya oblast.
Oryol region became a place of severe battles during World War II - the battle-front crossed the territory of the oblast within 20 months. When Oryol was set free the first salute during the war was fired in Moscow on August 5th, 1943.
Oryol oblast sceneries
Orlovskaya oblast economics, transport system
The economics of Orlovskaya oblast is based on industry and agriculture. A special type of investment is in action here. A line producing soft drinks (“Coca-Cola”) was constructed providing the whole region with its products.
Main industries of Orlovskaya oblast are as follows: machine-building (30% of industrial output), food (over 25% together with flour-grinding) and construction materials production (13%). Beside Oryol where most of the plants are located, there are separate plants in Livny and Mtsensk as well as in other small towns of the region.
Agriculture of Orlovskaya oblast is concentrated on raising dairy and meat cattle, pigs, poultry and horses.
The main transportation juncture is Oryol city. Main highways of the region: M2 “Crimea”; P119 Oryol - Tambov; A141 Oryol - Vitebsk; P92 Oryol - Kaluga.
Main railway is Moscow - Kharkov - Simferopol line. The largest main oil pipeline “Druzhba” crosses the region. A small part of gas pipeline Urengoy-Pomary-Uzhgorod crosses the region in its south-western part.
Oryol is a large juncture of oil product pipelines including the export ones to Byelorussia, Western Ukraine and Baltic countries, with its branches crossing Bryansk and Kursk. The largest airport is Oryol-Yuzhny (Southern), there is also an airport in Livny. Passenger transportation of Oryol city is presented by trams, trolley-buses and city buses.