Kursk region overview
Kursk oblast (region) (also spelled Kurskaya) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation located in Central Federal District.
The administrative center of the region is Kursk. There are two main rivers (the Seym and Psyol), about 900 small rivers, 145 lakes and 550 ponds on the territory of the province.
Kursk region has the population of 1,119,000 (2012) on the territory of 29,997 sq. km.
Kursk region economics
Kursk region main natural resource is iron ore. Main deposit Kursk Magnetic Anomaly is one of the richest iron ore deposits in the world. Also there are deposits of rare-earth and base metals on the territory of the region. Artesian well water is another important resource of the region used for various medical purposes.
Main industries are chemical, electric power, engineering and food processing. Agriculture of the region offers wheat and sugar beet. There are a lot of wheat, dairy and poultry farms and beef cattle in the province. About 80% of the region territories are used for agricultural purposes.
The region of Kursk is developing quickly mainly because of favorable geographical position (access to international markets through border with Ukraine). The transportation is going mainly by railways and roads. Moscow-Kharkov and Kiev-Voronezh rail lines cross the region. There is also an international airport opened in 1997.
Kursk region nature
Kursk region history
The territories of Kursk region were populated from the end of the Ice Age. But the first written mentioning is coming from the year of 1596. That year Kursk fortress was constructed. Kursk settlement area began to grow quickly after a large migration of Russian people from central parts of the country due to famine in the 17th century.
Kursk region was captured during the World War II by Germans in 1941. The territories were liberated after one of the major battles of the war (Kursk Battle) happened in summer 1943.
Kursk region places of interest
One of the main attractions of Kursk region is State Central-Chernozem national park offering various hiking opportunities. Hunting, fishing and camping is popular among the people visiting the region forests and undeveloped areas.
Also Rylsk town should be mentioned because of its town-museum status (traditional architecture and art).