Ulyanovsk (in 1648-1780 - Sinbirsk, in 1780-1924 - Simbirsk) is a city in the European part of Russia, the capital of the Ulyanovsk region, standing on Privolzhsky hill, on the banks of the Volga River (Kuybyshevsky water reservoir) and the Sviyaga River, 879 km southeast of Moscow.
The population of Ulyanovsk is about 621,500 (2015), the area - 317 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 8422, the postal codes - 432000-432306.
Ulyanovsk was founded by Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich’s decree as a fortress called Sinbirsk in 1648. The fortress was built to protect the Russian kingdom’s eastern borders from the raids of nomadic tribes.
In 1670, Sinbirsk was besieged by the peasant army of Stepan Razin (a leader of a major uprising in southern Russia in 1670-1671). In 1672, Sinbirsk received its first coat of arms in honor of its defense against Stepan Razin. In 1774, Emelyan Pugachev, a leader of a great Cossack uprising, was brought to Sinbirsk and interrogated.
In 1780, it became the main town of Simbirsk governorship (province) and received a new name Simbirsk. In 1864, a great fire destroyed three-quarters of the buildings.
More Historical Facts…
In Soviet times, the city received a new name - Ulyanovsk - in honor of Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin), the leader of the Bolsheviks, who was born in Simbirsk. In the 1930s, almost all churches in the city were destroyed. In 1943, it became the center of a newly formed Ulyanovsk region.
During the Second World War, Moscow Patriarchate was evacuated to Ulyanovsk. In addition, a number of industrial enterprises (including the automobile plant named after Stalin) were evacuated from Moscow to Ulyanovsk.
In 1969-1970s, on the eve of the 100th anniversary of the birth of V.I. Lenin, the city’s historic center was built up with modern buildings: Lenin Memorial, the hotel “Venets”, the building of the Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University, the Palace of Culture, new railway and river stations, an airport, etc. Ulyanovsk became an important tourist center of the USSR.
In 1983, a tragedy took place in Ulyanovsk, when the passenger ship “Alexander Suvorov” crashed into a railway bridge across the Volga, more than 170 people were killed.
General view of Ulyanovsk
Venets hotel in Ulyanovsk
City Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of September. Informal name of the city: Aviation Capital of Russia.
The climate is temperate continental, slightly drier than in central Russia. The average temperature in February - minus 10.4 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 20.2 degrees Celsius.
Ethnic composition according to the census of 2010: Russians (77.65%), Tatars (10.64%), Chuvash (7.02%), Mordvinians (1.30%), Ukrainians (1.02%).
The main industries of the local economy are machine building and metalworking, power engineering. Trade and construction are also quite well developed.
It is an important railway hub (Kuybyshev railway). There are two airports located near the city - Ulyanovsk-Central (ULK) and Ulyanovsk-Vostochny (ULY). Flights to Moscow, Sochi, Ufa, Nizhny Novgorod are available. Ulyanovsk river port is located on the right bank of the Volga, in Zheleznodorozhny district.
Urban transport is presented by trams, trolleybuses, buses, and minivans. Interesting fact, trams can only be found in the right-bank part of the city, while trolleybuses - in the left-bank part (Zavolzhsky district). The banks of the Volga are connected by two bridges.
Ulyanovsk Agricultural Academy
Architecture of old Simbirsk
Lenin is everywhere in Ulyanovsk
Ulyanovsk places of interst
Ulyanovsk can rightly be called a city of museums. Numerous museums offer exhibitions about the city’s history, culture and architecture. The history of several museums has its origins in the distant past, when Simbirsk scholars and merchants collected and presented to their hometown great cultural and scientific heritage.
The most popular museums in Ulyanovsk are:
Museum of the History of Civil Aviation - one of the largest aviation museums in Russia. It is located near the airport Ulyanovsk Central also known as Baratayevka (Mozhaiskogo Street, 8/8).
The Memorial Museum of Vladimir Lenin opened in 1941. The unique exhibition of the museum introduces the life and work of Lenin on the background of the political history of the Russian Empire in the late 19th - the early 20th centuries, his contemporaries, allies, opponents. The collection of lifetime editions of Lenin, illegal and forbidden literature, satirical magazines is very interesting (Lenina Square, 1).
The museum “Urban Planning and Architecture of Simbirsk-Ulyanovsk”. This museum located in an old mansion was opened in 2001. The mansion was part of the estate complex and was typical for the architecture of Simbirsk in the middle of the 19th century. The exposition occupies seven halls (Tolstoy Street, 24).
The museum “Simbirsk in the late 19th - the early 20th centuries”. The museum is located in the former estate of the priest I.A.Anaksagarov. It is not like an ordinary museum. There are several thematic rooms: ladies’ room with a miniature dressing table, elegant bottles etc.; dining room ready for dinner of the 19th century; living room with an old piano and furniture (Lenina Street, 90).
More Museums and Theaters…
Ulyanovsk Local History Museum named after I.A.Goncharov, located in the house-monument to I.A.Goncharov, was founded in 1895. The building was designed by the renowned Simbirsk architect A.A.Shode specifically for the museum in 1912-1916. The museum has various archaeological findings, unique numismatic, paleontological and weapons collections, textiles of the late 18th-mid 20th centuries, folk costumes (Noviy Venets Boulevard, 3/4).
The historical and architectural museum “Simbirsk Defensive Line” was built on the site of a miraculously preserved fragment of the wall of Simbirsk-Karsunskaya defensive line in 2001. This museum is known for theatrical performances bringing to life the pages of the city’s history (Tolstoy Street, 43a).
The state historical and memorial preserve “Lenin’s Homeland”. This museum is a unique complex of historical, cultural and architectural monuments of old Simbirsk. There are ten museums and an exhibition hall showing the life and traditions of the people of Simbirsk, architectural appearance of the old town, the history of Simbirsk crafts and trade (Lenina Street, 98).
- The museum of firefighting in Simbirsk-Ulyanovsk (Lenina Street, 43),
- Roerich Center of Spiritual Culture (Lenina Street, 71),
- The museum “Simbirsk merchants” (Lenina Street, 75a),
- Architecture of Art Nouveau in Simbirsk (Tolstoy Street, 43),
- The museum of contemporary fine arts of Plastov (Tolstoy Street, 51),
- Exhibition Hall at Pokrovskaya (Tolstoy Street, 63),
- Meteorological Station of Simbirsk. Planetarium (Tolstoy Street, 67),
- The picture gallery of A.A.Plastov (Goncharova Street, 16),
- The Gallery of the Russian Union of Artists (Goncharova Street, 16a),
- The literary-historical museum of I.A.Goncharov (Goncharova Street, 20),
- Simbirsk Photography (Engelsa Street, 1a),
- Ulyanovsk Regional Art Museum (Noviy Venets Boulevard, 3/4),
- Balalaika Museum (Lenina Street, 78).
- Ulyanovsk Regional Drama Theater named after Ivan Goncharov (Spasskaya Street, 12a),
- Ulyanovsk Regional Puppet Theater named after Valentina Leontieva (Goncharova Street, 10),
- Ulyanovsk Youth Theater “Nebolshoy Theater” (Pushkinskaya Street, 1/11),
- Ulyanovsk Philharmonic (Lenina Square, 6).