Ufa is the capital and administrative center of Bashkortostan Republic, Russia. It is one of the largest Russian cities with population over one million people.
The city is an important transport, logistic and scientific center of Russia. It is situated about 1360 km to the southeast of Moscow.
Ufa population is about 1,086,000 (2012); land area - 708 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 347; postal codes - 450000-450999.
Ufa was founded in 1574. Originally it was a fortress constructed by the order of the Russian Tsar Ivan IV. Later, in 1586, the settlement received the town status.
The original name of the settlement was Tura-Tau, after the name of the hill it was standing on. The present name “Ufa” means “small” in the Turkic language; and this name was used by local people. Later this became the official name of the city.
Ufa grew into large trading and cultural center of Russia in the 18th century. It became the capital city of Bashkiria region of the Russian Empire in 1802.
The city received the status of Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic capital in 1922. After the discovery of oil in Bashkiria area, Ufa became a large oil extracting and refining center of the USSR.
Economics of Ufa
Ufa city, located at the Ufa and Belaya rivers confluence, is one of the largest industrial centers in the western part of Ural mountains region.
The main industries are oil refining, synthetic rubber, engineering, petrochemicals, various equipment (electrical, mining), metal machining, and processed foods. There is an international airport in the city.
Ufa is a large inter-regional transportation juncture of Russia (railways, pipelines, automobile ways, air- and river-ways). The navigable river Belaya with its tributary Ufa cross the Trans-Siberian railway there. Automobile highways connect the city with Moscow, Chelyabinsk, Kazan, Samara, Ulyanovsk, and Orenburg.
It is also the only city linked with Moscow by 2 federal highways. The southern outskirts of the city is crossed by highway M5 “Ural”; and the federal highway M7 “Volga” ends here.
From the international airport “Ufa” there are regular flights to 27 cities of Russia as well as flights to the following cities Hurghada (Egypt), Sharm el-Sheikh (Egypt), Antalya (Turkey), Istanbul (Turkey), Barcelona (Spain), Tashkent (Uzbekistan), and Frankfurt (Germany).
In 2007, Ufa was the center of celebrations dedicated to the 450th anniversary of Bashkortostan Republic joining Russia.
Attractions and features of Ufa
The main museums of Ufa are:
- Bashkirsky State art museum, named after M.V.Nesterov;
- V.I.Lenin house-museum;
- Archaeology and Ethnography museum of Ufa scientific center of the Russian Academy of Science;
- Museum of geology and natural deposits of Bashkortostan Republic;
- The museum of forests;
- Museum of modern art of Bashkortostan Republic, named after N.Lutfullin;
- National Museum of Bashkortostan Republic;
- Republican museum of military glory.
Ufa is the home town for the ice hockey club “Salavat Yulayev” - a participant of the Continental hockey league (KHL), they were the champion of Russia in 2007/08, and the winner of the regular KHL Cup in 2008/09.
It is the only city-millionaire in the Russian Federation where there is a natural increase in the population since 2008. Also, Ufa is the most green city among cities-millionaires of Russia. The main religions of the population of the city are Islam (Sunnite) and Orthodox Christianity.
The oldest remaining building of Ufa is a one-storey house at the corner of October Revolution street, 57/1, which belonged to a famous owner of mines and metallurgical works, Demidov. The building was constructed in the mid-18th century. It is famous because a great Russian commander Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov stayed in it.
The first large mosque of Ufa was constructed on Tukai street in 1830.
In the outskirts of the city there is a system of 20 natural caves and galleries for gypsum working out.