Ufa city, Russia

The capital city of Bashkortostan republic.

Ufa overview

Ufa is one of the biggest cities in Russia, the capital of Bashkortostan Republic. It is one of the largest economic, cultural, sports, religious, and scientific centers of the country, an important transport hub, located about 1,340 km southeast of Moscow.

The population of Ufa is about 1,105,000 (2015), the area - 708 sq. km.

The phone code - +7 347, the postal codes - 450000-450903.

Ufa city flag

Ufa city flag

Ufa city coat of arms

Ufa city coat of arms

Ufa city map, Russia

Ufa city map of Russia

Ufa history

In 1557, the area inhabited by the Bashkirs became part of Grand Principality of Moscow. In 1574, on the orders of the Russian Tsar Ivan IV, a fortress was founded on the site of present Ufa. In 1586, the settlement became a town.

The original name of the settlement was Tura-Tau, after the name of the hill it was standing on. The present name “Ufa” means “small” in the Turkic language; this name was used by local people. Later, it became the official name of the town.

In the middle of the 17th century, the town got its emblem with an image of a running marten. At that time, the population of Ufa together with the garrison was about 1,500 people.

More Historical Facts…

In the 17th-18th centuries, Ufa gradually turned into an administrative and economic center of the region. In the 18th century, the town also became a large trading and cultural center of the Russian Empire.

In the middle of the 19th century, there were more than a dozen tanneries and other factories in Ufa. The town received further impetus to its development due to the following events. In 1870, the regular navigation was opened on the Belaya River. In 1888-1892, the Samara-Zlatoust (Kuibyshev) Railway was constructed.

Rail and ship-repair workshops, sawmills, steam mills appeared in Ufa. By the end of the 19th century, there were about 30 factories in the town. In 1922, Ufa became the capital of Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In the 1920s-1930s, the city experienced rapid development, industrial production increased by several times.

During the Second World War, dozens of industrial enterprises from the western regions of the USSR were evacuated to Ufa. After the discovery of oil in Bashkiria, this city became a large center of oil production and refining.

In 2015, Ufa hosted a summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and BRICS.

Ufa streets

On the street in Ufa

On the street in Ufa

Author: Denis Shokhov

Apartment house in Ufa

Apartment house in Ufa

Author: Gennady Ionov

Modern architecture in Ufa

Modern architecture in Ufa

Author: Egor Mihtanuk


Features of Ufa

The climate is temperate continental. Summers are warm, winters are moderately cold and long. The average temperature in February is minus 14.7 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 20.2 degrees Celsius.

National composition of Ufa according to the National Population Census 2010: Russians - 48,9%, Tatars - 28.3%, Bashkirs - 17.1%, Ukrainians - 1.2%, other nationalities - 4.5%.

Ufa is the home city for the ice hockey club “Salavat Yulayev” - a participant of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL). They were champions of Russia in 2007/08, and winners of the regular KHL Cup in 2008/09, 2010/2011.

This city, located at the confluence of the Ufa and Belaya rivers, is one of the largest industrial centers in Russia. The local economy is based on the fuel and energy, machine-building enterprises.

Ufa is a large transport hub of Russia. The Trans-Siberian Railway runs through the city. Ufa International Airport offers regular flights to Yekaterinburg, Izhevsk, Irkutsk, Kazan, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Perm, St. Petersburg, Barcelona, Beijing, Istanbul and a number of others.

It is also the only city connected with Moscow by two federal highways. The southern outskirts of the city is crossed by the highway M5 “Ural” and the federal highway M7 “Volga” ends here. Urban transport is represented by trams, trolleybuses, buses, minibuses, taxis.

Ufa places

Holy Cross Church in Ufa

Holy Cross Church in Ufa

Author: Cherepanov Timofey

Winter in the park in Ufa

Winter in the park in Ufa

Author: Korotnev A.V.

Ufa Television Center

Ufa Television Center

Author: Vladimir Konstantinov


Places of interest in Ufa

The oldest surviving building in Ufa is a one-storey house located at October Revolution Street, 57/1. It belonged to Demidov, a famous owner of mines and metallurgical plants. The building was constructed in the mid-18th century. It is also famous because a great Russian commander Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov stayed in it.

The central office of the financial corporation “Uralsib” (Revolyutsionnaya Street, 41) is the tallest building in Ufa (100.5 meters).

The first large mosque in the city was constructed at Tukai Street in 1830.

In the outskirts of the city there is a system of 20 natural caves formed as a result of mining of gypsum.

Ufa museums and galleries

  • Bashkir State Art Museum named after Mikhail Nesterov (Gogolya Street, 27),
  • House-Museum of Vladimir Lenin (Dostoyevskogo Street, 78),
  • Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography (Karla Marksa Street, 6),
  • Museum of Geology and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Bashkortostan (Lenina Street, 47),
  • Museum of Contemporary Art of the Republic of Bashkortostan named after Nail Lutfullin (Karla Marksa Street, 32),
  • National Literary Museum of the Republic of Bashkortostan (Dostoyevskogo Street, 160),
  • National Museum of the Republic of Bashkortostan (Sovetskaya Street, 14),
  • National Museum of Military Glory (Komarova Street, 7),
  • Ufa Art Gallery (Revolyutsionnaya Street, 34),
  • Gallery X-max (Oktyabrya Avenue, 116),
  • Gallery “Miras” (Lenina Street, 71),
  • Center for Contemporary Art “Clouds” (Bakalinskaya Street, 3),
  • Small Exhibition Hall of the Union of Artists of the Republic of Bashkortostan (Lenina Street, 43),
  • “Ural” Gallery (Lenina Street, 56).

Theaters and other cultural institutions…

Ufa theaters and other cultural institutions

  • Bashkir State Opera and Ballet Theater (Lenina Street, 5a),
  • Bashkir Academic Drama Theater named after Mazhit Gafuri (Zaki Validi Street, 34),
  • Russian Academic Drama Theater of Bashkortostan (Oktyabrya Avenue, 79),
  • National Youth Theater named after Mustai Karim (Lenina Street, 62),
  • Ufa State Tatar Theater “Nur” (50 let USSR Street, 36),
  • Bashkir State Puppet Theater (Oktyabrya Avenue, 158),
  • Alternative Theater “Perspective” (50 let Oktyabrya Street, 19),
  • Bashkir State Philharmonic Society named after Husain Akhmetov (Gogolya Street, 58),
  • Planetarium (Oktyabrya Avenue, 79/2).

Ufa city of Russia photos

Ufa views

Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography in Ufa

Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography in Ufa

Author: Egor Mihtanuk

Lenin monument in Ufa

Lenin monument in Ufa

Author: Melenkin

Monument to Salavat Yulaev in Ufa

Monument to Salavat Yulaev in Ufa

Author: Cherepanov Timofey


Explore the streets of Ufa yourself - "Rodina" movie theater


The questions of our visitors

Andrea asks: Who is the leader or in charge of the city of Ufa?
Expert's answer:
Since 2012, Yalalov Irek Ishmuhametovich is the head of the Administration of the city district of Ufa city of Bashkortostan Republic. You can use the following service to translate sites from Russian.
Sidney asks: Is Ufa already in Siberia?
Expert's answer:
Bashkiria Republic (Ufa is the capital of it) belongs to the Volga Federal District and it is relatively far from Siberia.
Gurmeet asks: Which languages are used/spoken in Ufa?
Expert's answer:
About 50% of Ufa population are Russians, 26% Bashkirs, 20% Tatars so the main language is Russian but Bashkir and Tatar languages are also spoken. There are newspapers and periodicals on all these languages available.
Kale Shantanu asks: How much time does it take to reach St. Petersburg from Ufa? Please suggest me a shortest safest and cheapest way!
Expert's answer:
There is direct flight from Ufa to Saint-Petersburg available. The price for one way flight is about 7,000 Rubles or 230 USD (October 2010) and time in flight is about 3 hours. Also there is a regular train running between the cities, departure from Ufa at 11:25 local time, arriving to Saint-Petersburg at 12:40 with time in travel 2 days and 3 hours (long journey) and the ticket price starting at 2,500 Rubles or about 80 USD. So in general I think the best way is to have a flight in spite of the higher price.

The comments of our visitors

phil
I found the information very good
I found this site very useful. I've never been to Ufa but I think I shall plan a trip. I've been to Saint Petersburg and Kazan in Aug 2012. I like Russia, its a very nice country to visit.

Robert
Ufa
Having found the love of my life in this Great City. I can honestly say Ufa is now my adopted home .. from the time I stepped off the plane two weeks of traveling through the city itself .. I was so impressed! this city was thriving.. alive!! I hope to someday return in the future!

TD
Ufa City
What a lovely city Ufa is, and colorful too. I really never heard of Ufa until this evening when I got on the Internet to look at some webcams. I like this city!

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