Ufa is one of the biggest cities in Russia, the capital of Bashkortostan Republic. It is one of the largest economic, cultural, sports, religious, and scientific centers of the country, an important transport hub, located about 1,340 km southeast of Moscow.
The population of Ufa is about 1,105,000 (2015), the area - 708 sq. km.
The phone code - +7 347, the postal codes - 450000-450903.
In 1557, the area inhabited by the Bashkirs became part of Grand Principality of Moscow. In 1574, on the orders of the Russian Tsar Ivan IV, a fortress was founded on the site of present Ufa. In 1586, the settlement became a town.
The original name of the settlement was Tura-Tau, after the name of the hill it was standing on. The present name “Ufa” means “small” in the Turkic language; this name was used by local people. Later, it became the official name of the town.
In the middle of the 17th century, the town got its emblem with an image of a running marten. At that time, the population of Ufa together with the garrison was about 1,500 people.
More Historical Facts…
In the 17th-18th centuries, Ufa gradually turned into an administrative and economic center of the region. In the 18th century, the town also became a large trading and cultural center of the Russian Empire.
In the middle of the 19th century, there were more than a dozen tanneries and other factories in Ufa. The town received further impetus to its development due to the following events. In 1870, the regular navigation was opened on the Belaya River. In 1888-1892, the Samara-Zlatoust (Kuibyshev) Railway was constructed.
Rail and ship-repair workshops, sawmills, steam mills appeared in Ufa. By the end of the 19th century, there were about 30 factories in the town. In 1922, Ufa became the capital of Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In the 1920s-1930s, the city experienced rapid development, industrial production increased by several times.
During the Second World War, dozens of industrial enterprises from the western regions of the USSR were evacuated to Ufa. After the discovery of oil in Bashkiria, this city became a large center of oil production and refining.
In 2015, Ufa hosted a summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and BRICS.
Modern architecture in Ufa
Features of Ufa
The climate is temperate continental. Summers are warm, winters are moderately cold and long. The average temperature in February is minus 14.7 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 20.2 degrees Celsius.
National composition of Ufa according to the National Population Census 2010: Russians - 48,9%, Tatars - 28.3%, Bashkirs - 17.1%, Ukrainians - 1.2%, other nationalities - 4.5%.
Ufa is the home city for the ice hockey club “Salavat Yulayev” - a participant of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL). They were champions of Russia in 2007/08, and winners of the regular KHL Cup in 2008/09, 2010/2011.
This city, located at the confluence of the Ufa and Belaya rivers, is one of the largest industrial centers in Russia. The local economy is based on the fuel and energy, machine-building enterprises.
Ufa is a large transport hub of Russia. The Trans-Siberian Railway runs through the city. Ufa International Airport offers regular flights to Yekaterinburg, Izhevsk, Irkutsk, Kazan, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Perm, St. Petersburg, Barcelona, Beijing, Istanbul and a number of others.
It is also the only city connected with Moscow by two federal highways. The southern outskirts of the city is crossed by the highway M5 “Ural” and the federal highway M7 “Volga” ends here. Urban transport is represented by trams, trolleybuses, buses, minibuses, taxis.
Winter in the park in Ufa
Places of interest in Ufa
The oldest surviving building in Ufa is a one-storey house located at October Revolution Street, 57/1. It belonged to Demidov, a famous owner of mines and metallurgical plants. The building was constructed in the mid-18th century. It is also famous because a great Russian commander Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov stayed in it.
The central office of the financial corporation “Uralsib” (Revolyutsionnaya Street, 41) is the tallest building in Ufa (100.5 meters).
The first large mosque in the city was constructed at Tukai Street in 1830.
In the outskirts of the city there is a system of 20 natural caves formed as a result of mining of gypsum.
Ufa museums and galleries
- Bashkir State Art Museum named after Mikhail Nesterov (Gogolya Street, 27),
- House-Museum of Vladimir Lenin (Dostoyevskogo Street, 78),
- Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography (Karla Marksa Street, 6),
- Museum of Geology and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Bashkortostan (Lenina Street, 47),
- Museum of Contemporary Art of the Republic of Bashkortostan named after Nail Lutfullin (Karla Marksa Street, 32),
- National Literary Museum of the Republic of Bashkortostan (Dostoyevskogo Street, 160),
- National Museum of the Republic of Bashkortostan (Sovetskaya Street, 14),
- National Museum of Military Glory (Komarova Street, 7),
- Ufa Art Gallery (Revolyutsionnaya Street, 34),
- Gallery X-max (Oktyabrya Avenue, 116),
- Gallery “Miras” (Lenina Street, 71),
- Center for Contemporary Art “Clouds” (Bakalinskaya Street, 3),
- Small Exhibition Hall of the Union of Artists of the Republic of Bashkortostan (Lenina Street, 43),
- “Ural” Gallery (Lenina Street, 56).
Theaters and other cultural institutions…
Ufa theaters and other cultural institutions
- Bashkir State Opera and Ballet Theater (Lenina Street, 5a),
- Bashkir Academic Drama Theater named after Mazhit Gafuri (Zaki Validi Street, 34),
- Russian Academic Drama Theater of Bashkortostan (Oktyabrya Avenue, 79),
- National Youth Theater named after Mustai Karim (Lenina Street, 62),
- Ufa State Tatar Theater “Nur” (50 let USSR Street, 36),
- Bashkir State Puppet Theater (Oktyabrya Avenue, 158),
- Alternative Theater “Perspective” (50 let Oktyabrya Street, 19),
- Bashkir State Philharmonic Society named after Husain Akhmetov (Gogolya Street, 58),
- Planetarium (Oktyabrya Avenue, 79/2).