Tver (from 1931 to 1990 - Kalinin) is an administrative center of Tver region of Russia. It is situated about 170 km from Moscow. The city is an important railway junction and the Volga River port.
Tver population is about 409,000 (2012); land area - 152 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 4822; postal codes - 170000-170043.
Tver was first time mentioned in 1164. It was a small settlement of Novgorod city merchants. In 1209, Tver settlement passed to Grand Prince of Vladimir. Famous Russian ruler Alexander Nevskiy granted it to Yaroslav Yaroslavich, his younger brother, in 1246.
Tver principality was developing quickly and soon became one of the richest and most populated states of Russia. The reason was that the territories of Tver state were rarely visited by Tatar raids and a lot of people from ravaged South states of Russia moved there.
At the end of the 13th century, Tver state was one of the main rivals of Moscow state for dominating in Russia. After years of struggle, in 1485, armies of Moscow state tsar Ivan III the Great captured Tver.
In 1763, there was a great fire that completely destroyed Tver ancient buildings. After the fire, the town was rebuilt in Neoclassical style.
In 1931, Tver received new name - Kalinin (after Soviet leader Mikhail Kalinin). In 1941, the city was occupied by German army. Two months later it became the first large city in Europe liberated from German occupation.
Tver places of interest
White Trinity Church (1564) is the only remaining ancient monument of Tver. Also there are a lot of buildings of Catherine the Great and Soviet times.
Highly rated in the region, Tver State University is located in the city. Also there are agricultural, medical, military academies and technical university in Tver.