Tula is a city and administrative center of Tula region of Russia. The city is situated about 193 km south of Moscow on the Upa River. It has the status of Hero city.
Tula population is about 499,500 (2012); land area - 146 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 4872; postal codes - 300000-300999.
The town of Tula was first mentioned in the year of 1146 (the 12th century). That time it was a fortress of Ryazan Principality. Later, after it was captured by the Moscow state, brick citadel (kremlin) was built (1530). In 1764, five domed Assumption Cathedral was built in the central part of Tula kremlin.
Famous Russian tsar Peter the Great visited the town in 1712. He commissioned Demidov’s blacksmiths to build first Russian armament manufacture. Several years later Tula became the largest iron working center of Eastern Europe. In the 18th century, first factory for industrial production of samovars was built in Tula.
The city played an important role during the World War II producing various armaments. In autumn 1941, Tula was one of the main German targets in operation of capturing Moscow. The city was heavily fortified and the Second Panzer Army was stopped near it. In 1976, Tula received the title “Hero City”.
Tula is known for traditional Russian cookies made with honey and gingerbread - pryaniki. It is also famous as Russian samovar production center. There is also Russian proverb “You don’t take a samovar to Tula”.
“Yasnaya Polyana” (the place where famous Russian writer Leo Tolstoy lived and was buried) is popular among tourists from all over the world. “Yasnaya Polyana” is located about 14 km south-west of Tula. It is the place where novels “War and Peace” and “Anna Karenina” were written.