Penza city, Russia

The capital city of Penza oblast.

Penza overview

Penza is a city in the Russian Federation, an administrative center of Penza oblast. It is located on Privolzhskaya hill, on the river Sura (falls into the Volga River). The distance from Moscow is 709 km (by train), 629 km (by car - highway M5 Moscow - Chelyabinsk).

Penza has the population of 520,000 (2012), land area - 305 sq. km.

The phone code is +7 8412; the postal codes - 440000-440071.

Penza city flag

Penza city flag

Penza city coat of arms

Penza city coat of arms

Penza city map, Russia

Penza city map of Russia

Penza history

Penza was founded in 1663 as a fortress. It was a fortress in the south-eastern part of Moscow state, built by the order of Tsar Alexey Mihailovich. In 1719, the town became a center of vice-gerency, in 1796 - of gubernia.

In 1797, Penza was a town in Saratovskaya gubernia. In 1801, it became a center of Penzenskaya gubernia, which included a part of current Republic of Mordovia with its capital.

In 1928, Penza - the center of Penzensky okrug of Srednevolzhsky region, in 1930 - a district center of Srednevolzhsky, then Kuybyshevsky region. In 1937 - a district town in Tambovskaya oblast (province), since 1939 - a center of Penzenskaya oblast.

Penza name origin

The name of the city is associated with the name of the river Penza, on the steep bank of which a fortress was built. River Penza had this name long before the settlement. There are several hypotheses about the origin of “Penza”.

According to one version, the name comes from the Indo-Iranian languages. Syllable “-za” means “water”, “river”, and the basis “Pe” - means “fire”.

According to another version, the name comes from the Ural language groups: Samoyed (Nenets) and Finno-Ugric (Erza), as well as ancient Mordovia male name Piyanza, Pyanza.

Penza sceneries

Penza city street

Penza city street

Author: Vitaly Shchukin

Penza scenery

Penza scenery

Author: Michael Ploschke

Penza city scenery

Penza city scenery

Author: Vitaly Shchukin


Penza economics, transportation

Main industries of Penza are machine- and equipment-building, electrical equipment building, electronic and optical equipment.

The city is a large railway junction. With the south it is connected with South-Eastern railway; with the north, west and east - with Kuybyshev railway.

The federal highway M5 “Ural” (Moscow - Chelyabinsk) crosses Penza. In the city the highway P209 Penza - Tambov starts, some km far from the city - the highway Saratov - Nizhny Novgorod.

Penza bus terminal is the largest in the region connecting city with district centers and neighboring regions centers.

In the southern outskirt of the city there is an airport (flights to Moscow).

Penza transportation consists of trolley-buses, buses and minivans. It is one of the largest cities in Russia which doesn’t have trams. According to city’s general plan construction of speedy tram is planned in the future.

The main pedestrian street of Penza is Moskovskaya street.

Penza city of Russia photos

Penza architecture views

Penza architecture

Penza architecture

Author: Vitaly Shchukin

Penza architecture view

Penza architecture view

Author: Vitaly Shchukin

Penza city architecture

Penza city architecture

Author: Vitaly Shchukin


Penza churches

Penza city chapel

Penza city chapel

Author: Vitaly Shchukin

Penza Pokrovskaya church

Penza Pokrovskaya church

Author: Vitaly Shchukin

Penza Uspensky cathedral

Penza Uspensky cathedral

Author: Victor Kim


Penza places

Penza bank

Penza bank

Author: Vitaly Shchukin

Penza Alley of Glory

Penza Alley of Glory

Author: Vitaly Shchukin


Stroll through the streets of Penza yourself


The questions of our visitors

jeffrey lamont asks: Hi. When is the best time to visit your city Penza?
Expert's answer:
If you prefer winter, the best months are January-February, first half of March. And May-July, if summer is your choice.
giuseppe asks: I would go in Penza, but someone told me that there is risk. Is it true?
Expert's answer:
There is nothing special about Penza like higher level of criminal activity but of course you should follow some safety rules: don't have a walk alone in the evening time, not in the central parts of the city.
chris asks: Are hotels expensive in Penza?
Expert's answer:
The prices for single room at Penza city hotel start from 1000-1200 Rubles per day (about 35-40 USD) and up to 4000-5000 Rubles (2010).

The comments of our visitors

Suresh Choudhary
Nice city
Penza city is a beautiful city, good architectural buildings, very good greenary.

Joseph Tillekeratne
Penza city
You have a beautiful city

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