Orel city, Russia (Oryol)

The capital city of Orlovskaya oblast.

Orel overview

Orel (also spelled Oryol) is a city in Russia, an administrative center of Orlovskaya oblast, about 370 km from Moscow.

The climate in the city is of moderate continental type. Winters are moderate cold, with periodical thaws and frosts, summers are not settled, with extreme hot and cool weather.

Orel population is about 319,000 (2012), land area - 128 sq. km.

The phone code is +7 4862; postal codes - 302000-302999.

Orel city flag

Orel city flag

Orel city coat of arms

Orel city coat of arms

Orel city map, Russia

Orel city map of Russia

Orel history

Since the early 16th century, the town of Orel became the part of Moscow state. In 1566, according to Ivan the Terrible’s order, a fortress Orel was founded for protecting the southern borders of Moscow state. This year is considered to be the date of city foundation.

From the middle of the 17th century, Orel was the center of bread- and hempen-making industries. In 1708, the city was a part of Kiev gubernia (province), in 1719 - a center of Orlovskaya province, in 1727 - a part of Belgorod gubernia, in 1778 - a center of Orlovskaya region ruled by governor-general, since 1796 - of Orlovskaya gubernia.

In 1779, Orel was almost absolutely redesigned, at the same time the river Orel was renamed Orlik. In 1859, a telegraph line connected the city with Saint-Petersburg and Moscow. In 1860, the construction of a railway started. Two railway lines went through the city: Moscow-Kursk and Riga-Oryol. They were finished in 1868. The first train station was constructed the same year. The importance of shipping on the Oka River decreased.

In 1895, a power station and a bridge-dam were constructed in Orel. The construction was headed by a Belgian entrepreneur F.F.Gilyon. For the first time some houses and streets in the city were lightened up by electricity. The dam and the bridge built in 1895 are preserved.

During the Civil War, Orel was the final place reached by the White Army when it attacked Moscow in autumn 1919. In 1928, Orel was a part of Central oblast (till 1930 - a center of Orlovsky okrug), in 1934 - of Kurskaya oblast. Since September 1937 - a center of Orlovskaya oblast.

Orel views

Orel city - the Oka River

Orel city - the Oka River

Author: Mikhail Maksimov

Orel city scenery

Orel city scenery

Author: Mikhail Maksimov

Oryol city view

Oryol city view

Author: Dmitry Ignatov


Orel economics

Main industries of Orel are machine- and equipment-building, metallurgy, food industry.

Main advantages of the city, which can strengthen its position and help its economic development are as follows:

  • high professional, educational and cultural level of majority of its population;
  • advantageous geopolitical location of the city in the Russian Federation;
  • attractiveness of the city as an educational, cultural and tourist center in Central Russia.

Orel city of Russia photos

Orel sceneries

Oryol city - the Oka River

Oryol city - the Oka River

Author: T.Chouckaev

Oryol scenery

Oryol scenery

Author: Andrei Koval

Oryol city scenery

Oryol city scenery

Author: Vladislav Alekseev


Orel pictures

Orel city street

Orel city street

Author: Michael Krasilnikov

Orel architecture

Orel architecture

Author: E.N.Veselov

Orel movie theater

Orel movie theater

Author: Kiyanovsky Dmitry


Orel monument

Orel jet fighter

Orel jet fighter

Author: Mikhail Maksimov


Start your Oryol city tour on Lenin Square


The comments of our visitors

Paula Senior
Orel
I spent 6 weeks in Orel and to begin with the city was very drear, but the coming of Spring made a huge difference. Although the roads and pavements could do with repairs, it is a city of learning with the University and the libraries. I thoroughy enjoyed my time in Orel and would return in a heartbeat. The people I met were kind, cultured and open hearted. I learnt so much from my visit.

Mai Anh
I love Orel very very much

I had been living in Orel for 5 years ( from 1987 to 1992). I graduated in Pedagogic University there. In my mind those were the most beautiful time. I love Orel very very much.

I remember those teachers who were teaching us. I remember the roads I went day by day. I remember the campus I was living. I miss them so much. 25 years was passed. I wish I could have change to go back to Orel. Mai Anh


Saed (Saudi Arabia)
My lovely Orel
I spent 2 years of my best time in Russia as a student in Credit Tekhnekum before I moved to Moscow to finish my law education. I worked also 2 summer holidays with Orel friends. Unfortunately I can not contact them any more. When I look back I say what a good time god blessed me with.

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