Orenburg city, Russia

The capital city of Orenburg oblast.

Orenburg overview

Orenburg is a city in Russia, an administrative center of Orenburg oblast. The city is standing on the river Ural (Yaik), near mouth of the river Sakmara, 1468 km from Moscow.

Orenburg population is about 579,000 (2012); land area - 259 sq. km.

The phone code is +7 3532; postal codes - 460000-460056.

Orenburg city flag

Orenburg city flag

Orenburg city coat of arms

Orenburg city coat of arms

Orenburg city map, Russia

Orenburg city map of Russia

Orenburg history

Orenburg was founded in 1743. The first fortress was founded in 1735 on the place where current Orsk town stands. The name “Orenburg” is a derivation of the German “Ohren” - “ears” and “Burg” - “fortress”. The name implied that the fortress should have “listened” to everything happening in Asia.

In 1744, Orenburg became a center of Orenburgskaya gubernia (province) with the governor and other institutions. It was built as a fortress, a base for other fortresses on the rivers Yaik, Samara and Sakmara which protected the south-eastern border of Russia.

At the same time Orenburg served as an economic center of trading with the nations of East. That’s why the town was both military and trade one: there were barracks, artillery depots, powder-magazines, military institutions, hotels, exchange and customs.

Orenburg was a large center of trade with Kazakhstan and Middle Asia. The industries (mainly flour-grinding, leather and butter-making) started developing with the constructing of railway Samara-Orenburg in 1877.

Since 1880, the city began delivering fresh and frozen meat, melted butter, lard, wool, goat down to Moscow and Saint-Petersburg. Orenburg became a large trade and distributing center of cattle and meat brought from Kazakh steppes.

In 1905, the construction of Orenburg-Tashkent Railway was completed. The railway opened the way to Middle Asia, due to main railway workshops built in Orenburg, the city became an important transportation juncture.

Orenburg is famous for its down shawls. The city has been a prison, a place where political prisoners were exiled.

From 1938 till 1957, the city was called Chkalov, after a famous Soviet pilot Valery Chkalov, though he was not born here or never lived in the city, moreover, he had never been to Orenburg. A bronze statue of V.P.Chkalov, 6 m high, on a 7 m base was originally erected on train station square, but, in early 1960s, it was transferred to embankment of the river Ural.

Orenburg views

Orenburg general view

Orenburg general view

Author: Boris Yartsev

Orenburg street view

Orenburg street view

Author: Kiyanovsky Dmitry

Orenburg city view

Orenburg city view

Author: Boris Yartsev


Orenburg facts

Main industries of Orenburg are gas extracting and oil processing, machine-building and light industries.

Orenburg is a large railway juncture, a crossroad to Samara, Orsk, Uralsk, Aktobe cities.

On a pedestrian bridge across the river Ural there is a symbolic sign - a border between Europe and Asia. But this border is defined different ways in various sources.

Orenburg city of Russia photos

Orenburg sceneries

Orenburg street

Orenburg street

Author: Boris Yartsev

Orenburg scenery

Orenburg scenery

Author: Boris Yartsev

Orenburg winter

Orenburg winter

Author: Shamil Kazakbaev


Orenburg monuments

Europe and Asia border sign

Europe and Asia border sign

Author: Boris Yartsev

Orenburg Cossacks monument

Orenburg Cossacks monument

Author: Boris Yartsev

Orenburg Pushkin monument

Orenburg Pushkin monument

Author: Kiyanovsky Dmitry


Orenburg pictures

Orenburg bank

Orenburg bank

Author: Sergey Berezin

Orenburg architecture

Orenburg architecture

Author: Kiyanovsky Dmitry

Orenburg entrance sign

Orenburg entrance sign

Author: Boris Yartsev


Stroll along the streets of Orenburg


The questions of our visitors

David asks: How did the city get a German name?
Expert's answer:
Orenburg was founded at the times of the Empress Anna Ioannovna. And her reign is known for great influence of foreigners on Russian politics. It also affected the names of new cities.
John Alessio asks: I am a nutritionist and will be visiting Orenburg. Can you tell me if I would have access to whole grain products, nuts, beans, fish, organic eggs, and of course, a wide variety of fruits and vegetables?
Expert's answer:
It will not be a problem as Orenburg like other large cities of present day Russia has several supermarkets offering a considerable amount of various food products including the ones you have mentioned in your question. Just ask the locals about the location of the closest one.
manny asks: Closest major airport to Orenburg if I fly from Canada?
Expert's answer:
The airport of Orenburg city has a regular flight to Dusseldorf (Germany). So I think you should have a flight to Dusseldorf first and have a direct flight to Orenburg from there.
Noel asks: I have two friends- one in Orenburg and another in Pavlova. Can I apply for a Private Visa to visit them, what is involved in getting the Visa and how long will it take to get the Visa? Is it easy to travel by train from Airport in Moscow to these cities?
Expert's answer:
Yes, your friend should go to the local passport office to apply for the private visa for you. There are regular trains from Moscow city to Orenburg (departure at 17:20 local time from Kazansky railway station of Moscow, time in travel to Orenburg about 26 hours, the cost of the ticket varies from 70 to 150 USD). I am not sure about another town you have mentioned (Pavlova), couldn't find the info about it if you mention the region where it is located may be I will have more info for you of how to get there.

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