Lipetsk (also spelled Lipeck) is an administrative center of Lipetsk oblast of Russia standing on the banks of the Voronezh River about 440 km from Moscow. There is an airport in the city.
Lipetsk has the population of about 508,000 (2012), land area - 282 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 4742, postal codes - 398000-398059.
Lipetsk settlement was first time mentioned in chronicles in 1283-1284 during the wars of Russians with Mongols. The town was completely destroyed by Mongols forces in 1284 and for hundreds of years there was not any mentioning of the city.
Later, in 1703, cast iron factory was built near the settlement by the order of the Russian tsar Peter the Great. That year is commemorated as the foundation date of Lipetsk. The settlement received the status of town of Tambov guberniya (province) in 1779.
In 1781, the town received its own coat of arms. Lipetsk became one of the industrial centers of Russia in 1930th with building Novolipetsk Steel Plant known today as NLMK.
Main industries of Lipetsk are machinery, metallurgy, metalworking, chemical, clothing, food and others. The largest enterprise of the region is Novolipetsk Steel Plant (NLMK). About 50,000 people are working there.
Among the other enterprises of the city are “Svobodny Sokol”(metallurgy), “LTZ” (tractor factory), “Liboil” (solvent extracting), refrigerators, pipe factories and others.
Lipetsk is known as balneological and mud bath resort for hundreds of years (first one was opened in 1805).
There are several universities and colleges in the city including Lipetsk State Technical University and Lipetsk Teacher’s Training College.