Kursk is an administrative center of Kursk oblast of Russia. It is situated in the western part of central Russia. The city is an important highway and railway junction. There is also an international airport “Vostochny” in Kursk.
Kursk has the population of about 428,000 (2012), land area - 189 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 4712; postal codes - 305000-305099.
About 30% of all the industrial potential of Kursk region is concentrated in the city - plants of machine-building and metal-working, chemical and oil-chemical, food, light and construction industries. Two important railway lines cross Kursk: Moscow - Kharkov and Voronezh - Kiev.
There are several universities in the city (Agricultural Academy, Kursk State University, Kursk State Technical University, Kursk State Medical University).
Kursk settlement was first time mentioned as one of the Severian tribe towns by Prince Igor in his “The Tale of Igor’s Campaign” in 1032. The town was completely destroyed by Batu Khan in 1237. Kursk became the Russian state town in 1508. It played an important role as corn trade center hosting large fair.
Soviet power developed Kursk into major railroad junction of southwestern Russia. Prokhorovka village located near the city is supposed to be the place of the largest tank battle in history between the German and the Russian tank armies during the World War II.
Ancient Kursk land is one of spiritual centers of Orthodox Russia. Famous and respected by Russian people Feodosiy Pechersky, Iosaf Belgorodsky, Serafim Sarovsky prayed there.
At present there are 29 Orthodox churches and parishes in the city. In the center of Kursk, Znamensky cathedral is located, it is one of the largest churches in Russia.
To learn the history of the town, to understand its peculiarities one can get to the following museums: traditional ones - of local study, archaeological, of Kursk battle, of Young defenders of the Motherland and also specific ones - of Kursk nightingale and Kursk tram as well as Kursk picture gallery, exhibition halls and art saloons.
When one watches the surrounding panorama seen from the highest point in the city where ancient Kursk fortress was located, it is easy to realize why the Kursk citizens ancestors chose this very place for living and had been defending their city from enemies.
Since mid-1990s, the annual festival “Jazz province” takes place in Kursk. The city day is celebrated on the last Sunday in September.
Kursk is rich in architectural monuments of the 19th century. The most outstanding are as follows: merchant Khloponin private residence (the mid-18th century), Kazansky church (1778), the building of the former Nobility Assembly (the end of the 19th century), the building of the former boys’ gymnasium, the building of the city hospital #1 (“Denisyev house”, the 18th century), hetman Mazepa’s chambers (the 18th century).
There are 3 exhibition halls in Kursk (picture gallery of the famous Kursk citizen A.A.Deyneka, the Art fund exhibition hall, Gallery of modern art), 8 libraries, 3 theaters (A.S.Pushkin regional Drama, Young Spectator and Puppet show theater), the philharmonic society.