Kirov city, Russia (Vyatka)

The capital city of Kirov oblast.

Kirov overview

Kirov (also known as Vyatka and Khlynov) is one of the oldest cities in Russia, the capital the Kirov region. It is a major historical, cultural, industrial, and scientific center standing on the banks of the Vyatka River, 896 km north-east of Moscow.

The population of Kirov is about 493,300 (2015), the area - 170 sq. km.

The phone code - +7 8332, the postal codes - 610000-610926.

Kirov city flag

Kirov city flag

Kirov city coat of arms

Kirov city coat of arms

Kirov city map, Russia

Kirov city map of Russia

Kirov history

The first settlements on the territory of the present city appeared about 2.5 thousand years ago. In the first millennium BC., the area was inhabited by the ancestors of the Udmurt and Komi. Major settlements were located along the banks of Chepets, Moloma, and Vyatka rivers.

According to “The tale of Vyatka country” (the end of the 17th century), Vyatka settlement was founded by people from Novogord in 1181. The first mention of it as a town dates back to 1374.

In 1455-1457, a wooden fortress (kremlin) was built in the town; the fortress was called Khlynov, hence the new name of the place. Khlynov became part of the Moscow state in 1489.

More Historical Facts…

In 1551-1552, troops from Khlynov took part in the campaign of Ivan the Terrible against the Kazan Tatars. In 1554 and 1556, they also took part in the campaigns against the Khanate of Astrakhan. As a result of these campaigns, Khlynov returned the lands previously occupied by the Golden Horde, and then the Tatar khanates.

Khlynov was known all over Russia for its clay statuettes and whistles. In 1689, the Assumption Cathedral of Trifonov Monastery was built. It was one of the first stone buildings in Khlynov. Today, the cathedral is the oldest preserved monument in Kirov.

The town was renamed Vyatka by the order of the Russian Empress Catherine the Great in 1781. Vyatka was a place of exile for Alexander Herzen and Mikhail Saltikov-Shedrin. The Trans-Siberian Railway passed through Vyatka. In 1923, the population of Vyatka for the first time exceeded 50 thousand people.

In December 1934, the city was renamed after the Soviet leader Sergey Kirov, assassinated on December 1, 1934. In 1962, the first bridge across the Vyatka River was built. In 1967, the population of Kirov for the first time exceeded 300 thousand people.

Kirov views

Kirov city street

Kirov city street

Author: Ilya Buyanovsky

Kirov scenery

Kirov scenery

Author: Ilya Buyanovsky

Kirov architecture

Kirov architecture

Author: Ilya Buyanovsky


Kirov features

Kirov is located in the valley of the Vyatka River, in the north-east of the European part of Russia, in the area of taiga forests.

The territory of the city belongs to the continental climate. Because of the proximity to the Arctic Ocean, invasions of cold air are possible, causing severe frosts in winters and sharp coolings in summers. The average temperature in January is minus 11.9 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 18.9 degrees Celsius.

Kirov is a large transport hub. The federal highway A119 “Vyatka” goes near it. The city is also crossed by Severny (Northern) (from Yaroslavl) and Novy (New) (from Nizhny Novgorod) branches of the Trans-Siberian Railway. The nearest major cities are: Kazan - 409 km, Perm - 471 km, Nizhny Novgorod - 563 km, Ufa - 734 km, Samara - 770 km.

“Pobedilovo” airport, located about 22 km from the city, offers regular flights to Moscow, Sochi, and Naryan-Mar. Also, there is a river port.

The main industries are light, machine building, metallurgy and timber. There are several museums, theaters, and universities in the city.

Kirov places of interest

Trinity Alexander Nevsky Monastery in Kirov

Trinity Alexander Nevsky Monastery in Kirov

Author: Dmitriy Tkachenko

Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist in Kirov

Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist in Kirov

Author: Ilya Buyanovsky

Assumption Trifonov Monastery in Kirov

Assumption Trifonov Monastery in Kirov

Author: Ilya Buyanovsky


Kirov attractions

Kirov is one of the most historical cities in Russia. There are 11 historical monuments, 22 architectural monuments, 3 art monuments and 1 archaeological monument of federal importance.

Assumption Trifonov Monastery, located on the embankment of the Vyatka River, is one of the oldest cultural monuments and main sights of Kirov. In the center of it, you can find the Cathedral of the Assumption, built in 1689. In the 1990s, a number of ensemble buildings were restored after being destroyed during the Soviet time. Today, it is a functioning monastery.

Alexandrovsky Garden is a fine example of park architecture of provincial classicism. It was founded in 1825, when Emperor Alexander I visited Vyatka.

Serafim Sarovsky Church was built in 1906. In 1937-1941, the church was used as an anti-religious museum. In 1942, worship services were resumed and lasted until 1991. In Soviet times, it was the only open church in Kirov.

museums and theaters…

Kirov museums

  • Kirov Regional Museum of Local Study (Spasskaya Street, 6);
  • Vyatsky Art Museum named after V.M. Vasnetsov and A.M. Vasnetsov, one of the oldest in Russia, founded by local artists in 1910 (Karl Marx Street, 70);
  • The Museum of Aviation and Space named after K.E. Tsiolkovsky (Preobrazhenskaya Street, 16);
  • Vyatka Kunstkamera (Moskovskaya Street, 12a);
  • Vyatka Museum of Folk Arts and Crafts (Spasskaya Street, 4b),
  • Kirov Diorama (Gorky Street, 32);
  • The House-Museum of M.E. Saltykov-Shedrin (Lenin Street, 93);
  • The Museum of A.S. Grin (Volodarskiy Street, 44);
  • The House-Museum of N.N. Khokhryakov (Kopanskiy Lane, 4);
  • Kirov Planetarium (Cosmonaut Volkov Street, 6);
  • Vyatka Paleontological Museum (Spasskaya Street, 22).

Kirov theaters

  • Kirov Drama Theatre named after S.M. Kirov (Moskovskaya Street, 37),
  • Kirov State Puppet Theater (Spasskaya Street, 22),
  • Kirov State Youth Theater “Theater on Spasskaya” (Spasskaya Street, 17),
  • Vyatka Philharmonic (Lenin Street, 102b),
  • Kirov State Circus (Oktyabrskiy Avenue, 147).

Kirov city of Russia photos

Kirov railway station

Kirov railway station

Kirov railway station

Author: M. Wilhelm


Walk along the streets of Kirov


The questions of our visitors

rishonmalyankar asks: I want to send a microwave from Eilat Israel to Kirov to my girlfriend home, can it be sent safely and will be received surely there?. Sir, I intend to visit Kirov in May, 2016, how would be the climate at that time? How much is the airfare from Moscow to Kirov and back? Thanks.
Expert's answer:

Russian postal service is not very reliable so sending a parcel with a quite large electronic device is rather risky and I can not recommend doing it. It is much easier to buy everything in Kirov.

In May, the average temperature in Kirov is about plus 11.2 degrees Celsius, quite warm but still a little bit chilly especially in the beginning of the month. The cost of the direct Moscow-Kirov-Moscow flight is about 5000-7000 Rubles (60-90 USD). The timetable of Moscow-Kirov flights.

David Ocema asks: How long is the journey from Kirov to Moscow by bus?
Expert's answer:
I haven't found any buses running from Kirov to Moscow, but there are numerous trains. It takes about 13 hours to go from Kirov to Moscow by train and about 2.5 hours by plane.
Noel Arellano asks: How do I address a letter to someone in Kirov from Texas?
Expert's answer:
Address will look something like this one: To: person's name (for example, Ivanova Elena Nikolayevna). Address: 610000 (postal code of Kirov), Russia, Kirovskaya oblast, Kirov, Lenin Street, 120 (house number), 35 (apartment number).
Daniel asks: Are there regular flights from Europe that go to Kirov city?
Expert's answer:
The airport of Kirov city "Pobedilovo" is being reconstructed now. There are regular flights to Moscow, Sochi and Naryan-Mar cities. By the end of 2010 the flights to Perm, Kazan, Ekaterinburg, Saint-Petersburg will be available. And it is planned that the flights to Turkey, Egypt and Greece will be available from 2012.

The comments of our visitors

Digby McDermid
Kirov
A very good web site, l would like to come and visit this city, being British would be hard for me to get a visa.

Cezar
Kirov

Hello, I'm in Brazil, do not speak English, I still want to leave my comment. I was born and live in Brazil but often get letters from Russian women and make friends with them.

I'm currently starting a friendship with a woman from the city of Kirov then decided to visit the virtual mode this friendly city. Cordiality and friendship among peoples. I'm in town Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais Brazil. Cordially, Cezar (translated by Google Translate).


KC
Kirov
I find this website well done. It is informative, well written and a benefit to the Nation of Russia and the city of Kirov. I would like to see for myself this city, and enjoy the museums, the history and the people. Especially One.

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