Kazan (also spelled Qazan) is the capital and administrative center of Tatarstan Republic of Russia. The city is the largest river port on the Volga River.
Kazan is one of the largest economic, political, scientific and cultural centers of the country. From Tatar people language the word “qazan” means a “boiler” or “cauldron”.
Kazan population is about 1,161,000 (2012), land area - 425 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 843, postal codes are 420000-420xxx.
Several matches of FIFA World Cup 2018 will be held in Kazan.
Kazan Universiade 2013 - the 27th World University Summer Games
The 27th World Summer Universiade was a global student-youth sports event held in Kazan in July 6-17, 2013.
More than 350 sets of medals in 27 sports were awarded to athletes from more than 170 countries.
Kazan was the northernmost city of Summer Universiade capitals.
Nowadays, the World University Games remains the main student sports competition in the world. The World Summer Universiade can be compared with the Olympic Games. About 60% of the athletes usually perform at the Olympics later.
The mascot of the Universiade was winged white leopard kitten, named Uni. Winged white leopard Ak Bars is the national and historical symbol of Tatarstan, it is depicted on the State Emblem of the Republic.
Kazan Universiade logo was a stylized tulip with the stars made in the Olympic colors of the five continents and the corresponding text in Latin letters.
According to official version accepted nowadays, Kazan was founded no less than 1000 years ago. The evidence for such date is a Chech coin found on the Kremlin territory and dated approximately 929-930s as well as other items with less clear date.
Kazan was founded as an outpost on the northern borders of Volzhkaya Bulgaria. In the 13th-14th centuries, Kazan rapidly developed and became an important trade and political center in Golden Horde. The favorable geographical location of the city on the trade ways connecting East and West was the reason of the city’s growth.
In 1438, Kazan was declared the capital of Kazan Khanate. There were several conflicts with Moscow principality and as a result Kazan was conquered by Ivan the Terrible in 1552, significant part of the city was destroyed.
After rebellions were finally suppressed, Kazan began its new history as a part of the Russian state. In 1556, the construction of the new, white stoned Kremlin began, 7,000 Russians were brought into empty city. In the 17th century, the city grew economically and first manufacturing factories came into being.
In 1708, Kazan became the capital of big Kazan gubernia (province). From the 60s of the 18th century, the city construction was held according to plan, the first wooden roads were built as well as bridges across the Bulak and the Kazanka rivers.
By the end of the 18th century, about 22,000 people lived in Kazan, together with suburbs - over 40,000 and only about 10% of them were Tatars. The city became an educational and cultural center of the Volga region: in 1758, the first provincial gymnasium was opened in Kazan, in 1771 - the first madrasah, in 1791 - a theater. In 1804, the Kazan University was established - the third in Russia - and the city became a large scientific center.
In the 20th century, the city experienced a lot of events. Kazan became one of the centers of revolution, in 1918, during the Civil War, heavy battles were held for Kazan. In 1920, the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was formed with the capital Kazan.
In 1930s, intensive industrialization of Kazan began, at the same time the population rapidly grew. During the World War II a lot of plants were evacuated to Kazan as well as some branches of the USSR Academy of Science.
In the post-war period, Kazan intensely developed, in 1979, the population was over 1,000,000. In 1990s, the city became one of the financial and political centers of Russia.
Kazan transport system
International airport “Kazan” is located 28 km to the south of the city. Flights in 39 directions are held from it, including 14 to foreign countries. In 2008, the airport had 751,504 passengers.
By Kazan 2013 Summer Universiade the airport will be reconstructed and will be able to have 5,000,000 passengers a year.
The railway station is located in the central part of Kazan, the main building of which was constructed in 1896. Within a year the train station has over 8,000,000 passengers.
Kazan is connected by bus transportation with all the cities of Tatarstan Republic and neighboring regions and republics.
Buses to Naberezhnye Chelny, Chistopol, Nizhnekamsk, Bugulma, Almetyevsk, Bavly, Ufa, Sterlitamak, Ulyanovsk, Samara, Orenburg, Cheboksary, Yoshkar-Ola, Busuluk run from Kazan every day. There are also international routes Kazan - Baku, Kazan - Aktobe.
Kazan places of interest
Kazan as the capital of Tatarstan Republic is a large railway, highway and airway junction. It is the most important economic center of the region.
Main industries of the city are automotive, chemical, food, light and petrochemical industries. The population includes about 52% of Tatars, 43% of Russians and 1.2% of Chuvash.
Today Kazan is the center of Tatar people culture. Kazan has been undergoing a total renovation since 2000. The metro was opened in 2005. The city celebrated its millennium in 2005 when one of the largest mosques in Russia (Qolsharif) was built inside Kazan Kremlin walls. Also Millennium Bridge was opened in 2005.
Kazan Kremlin is among UNESCO world heritage and a 1000 year history of Kazan makes it one of the Russian cities most often visited by tourists.