Ivanovo is a city located in the central part of European Russia, about 300 km north-east of Moscow. It is the capital of Ivanovo oblast.
The city is also known as “the city of brides”, “the land of printed cotton”, “Russian Manchester”, “Red Manchester”. Ivanovo is called the Russian textile industry capital for hundreds of years.
Ivanovo population is about 409,000 (2015), the land area - 105 sq. km.
The phone code is +7 4932, the postal codes - 153000-153052.
Ivanovo was founded by merging of two settlements in 1871. The first one was Ivanovo village (a flax-processing center), the second one - Voznesensky Posad (an industrial center). The new town received the name Ivanovo-Voznesensk.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the town was competing with Lodz town (that time also the town of the Russian Empire) for the title of the European main textile production center.
Being the town with numerous factories, Ivanovo was the place of high revolutionary activity and, in May 1905, the first Soviet in history was created there. In 1918, it received the status of guberniya (region) administrative center. In 1932, the city received its current name - Ivanovo.
More Historical Facts…
During the Second World War, the city had about 50 hospitals where soldiers of the Red Army were treated. After the war, along with the textile industry, mechanical engineering and other industries were developed in the city. By 1980, Ivanovo became a major industrial center with a lot of large enterprises of light and engineering industries.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, a number of textile enterprises were closed. However, the city continues to develop, a new modern residential complex “Moscow Lights” was built. It is the tallest residential building of the city.
Today, there is an idea of returning the city its original name “Ivanovo-Voznesensk” but it is not very popular among the local residents.
Ivanovo climate is temperate continental with relatively hot summers and freezing winters with stable snow cover. The coldest winter month is January with an average monthly temperature of -12 degrees Celsius, the warmest summer month is July, the average temperature is +18 degrees C.
Ivanovo, unlike its neighbors (Vladimir, Yaroslavl, Kostroma), developed first of all as an industrial center. That’s why there are a lot of plants on the territory of the city. Today, trade and service industries are developing rapidly. There are also opportunities for tourism development.
The city was traditionally considered the center of the Russian textile industry. The first textile plants came into being in the 17th century. Nowadays, the number of textile plants considerably reduced, but there are a lot of sewing plants. Food industry is being developed. There are a lot of various trade and entertainment centers in the city.
There is an airport in the city - Ivanovo Yuzhny (Southern) Airport (flights to Moscow and St. Petersburg are available). There is also Ivanovo Severny (Northern) airport - one of the largest Russian military air bases.
Ivanovo is included in the famous “Golden Ring of Russia” list. The main industries are machine building, textile, sewing and food.
Ivanovo places of interest
Ivanovo is famous first of all by the monuments of constructivism epoch (the 30s of the 20th century): the-ship-house, the-horseshoe-house and the like. There are a lot of historical and revolutionary monuments in the city which make it rather specific.
The historical center of Ivanovo is interesting by its former merchants’ houses of the 19th and the early 20th centuries. The industrial architecture of the 19th century is rather interesting (several textile plants of that period remained almost unchanged).
Among the other places of interest worth mentioning is Shudrovskaya palatka constructed in the 17th century and St.-Vedensky convent, the main part of which was built in the early 20th century.
Ivanovo has three theaters (drama, music, puppet theater), three movie theaters, the Ivanovo State Circus named after V.A. Volzhansky, Ivanovo State Philharmonic and a zoo.
- Ivanovo Museum of Local History (Baturin Street, 6/40),
- The Museum of Art and Industry (Baturin Street, 6/40),
- The Museum of Ivanovo Chintz (Baturin Street, 11/42),
- Ivanovo Regional Art Museum (Lenin Avenue, 33),
- The Museum of the First Soviet (Sovetskaya Street, 27),
- The Museum of Soviet Car Industry (Paris Commune Street, 16),
- The Museum and Exhibition Center (Sovetskaya Street, 29).
Ivanovo cultural and entertainment events
- Andrey Tarkovsky International Film Festival “Zerkalo” (Mirror) - the annual festival which takes place since 2007 at the end of May;
- The annual Russian Fashion Festival “Plyos on the Volga. Flax Palette” (takes place in the town of Plyos);
- The annual patriotic holiday “An Open Air” usually celebrated at the airport “Severny” (Northern) in August;
- Ivanovo City Day - the annual celebration of the date when Ivanovo received the status of the city; it takes place on the last Saturday of May; the central streets of the city are decorated by this day; fairs, concerts and competitions are held and fireworks finish the holiday.