Cheboksary (Chuvash people name Shupashkar, other spelling Cheboksari) is the capital and administrative center of Chuvashia Republic of Russia.
The city is an important port on the Volga River, industrial and cultural center of the region. There is also Novocheboksarsk (satellite city) located about 6 km from Cheboksary.
Cheboksary population is about 460,000 (2012).
The phone code is +7 8352; postal codes - 428000-428038.
Cheboksary is standing on the banks of the Volga River and has a large river station. It is a place to stop for the Volga River cruises. Such destinations as Astrakhan, Rostov-on-Don, Volgograd, the Caspian and the Black Sea are reachable to the south; Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow, Yaroslavl and other northern regions of Russia to the west.
Also it should be mentioned that the public transportation system of Cheboksary is one of the best in Russia (bus, minibus, trolleybus, and taxi systems).
The settlement was first time mentioned by the Russian army going to the Kazan Khanate in 1469. During the Kazan Khanate period, the town had probably a Turkic or Tatar name, Cabaqsar. It is similar to the present name of the city. Also there is another name of Cheboksary - Shupashkar (in the Chuvash people’s language, “shupashkar” means “fortress”).
The fortress and settlement were built by the Russians in 1555. It became an important trade center of the Volga River region by the end of the 17th century. Cheboksary received town status in 1781.
The population of Cheboksary was about 5,500 by the end of the 19th century. There were several manufacturing facilities, churches and a sawmill in the town.
Cheboksary apartment house
Cheboksary places of interest
As a cultural center, Cheboksary has a philharmonic orchestra, an opera-ballet theater and many other theaters that have plays in the Russian and the Chuvash language).
One of the most attractive places of Cheboksary is called “zaliv” (meaning bay) located in the center of the city. There are a lot of opportunities to visit various cafes and socialize there.
The city has many interesting museums. The only Russian beer museum is located here.
Cheboksary is situated near a hydro-electric power station. There is also agricultural and a heavy duty tractors plant in the city. Cheboksary airport (IATA CSY, ICAO UWKS) has the status of international airport since 1995.